Dominantly tholeiitic basalt and basaltic andesite flows and tuffs; associated with sheet dikes, massive and layered metagabbro, and ultramafic rocks. In northeastern Wisconsin, rocks have been named the Quinnesec Formation.
Varied gneisses of mostly unknown age in cores of gneiss domes and fault-bounded uplifts (Archean gneiss terranes). Except for the Watersmeet dome (Late to Early Archean), all dated rocks are Late Archean. Includes granite of Late Archean age that transgresses gneisses and amphibolite.
Gray to pinkish-gray, medium-grained, generally equigranular granite to tonalite and granitoid gneiss; locally includes diorite. Intrudes older metavolcanic rocks. Zircon ages range from 1852 +/- 15 to 1862 +/- 5 Ma
Sandstone with some dolomite and shale, undivided; includes Trempealeau, Tunnel City, and Elk Mound Formations
Metamorphosed graywacke in poorly exposed areas in northwestern Wisconsin. Sample at one locality (near Blockhouse Lake, 10 km northeast of Park Falls, T. 40 N., R. 1 E.) has a U-Pb zircon age of 1852 +/- 6 Ma (Sims and others, 1985b)
Pink to maroon to light-gray, medium-grained, moderately sorted quartzite. Red argillite (pipestone) interbedded locally. At least 213 m thick
Gray basalt flows, interflow breccia, tuff, and minor sedimentary rocks
In northern Wisconsin, granite to granodiorite of varied texture. In southern Wisconsin (not mapped separately), red to pink alkali-feldspar granophyric granite associated with rhyolites of both peraluminous and metaluminous affinities (unit Xr of Marshfield terrane).
Interlayered quartzofeldspathic gneiss and amphibolite in Marenisco, Mich., area and northwestern Wisconsin. Protoliths are bimodal intermediate and mafic volcanic rocks (Sims and others, 1984).
gabbro, anorthosite, granite, peridotite