Geologic units in Crook county, Wyoming

Cloverly and Morrison Formations or Inyan Kara Group (Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 22 % of this area

Cloverly Formation (North and South Wyoming) - Rusty sandstone at top, underlain by brightly variegated bentonitic claystone; chert-pebble conglomerate locally at base. Cloverly Formation (Northeast Wyoming - Hartville Uplift) - Rusty to light-gray sandstone containing lenticular chert-pebble conglomerate interbedded with variegated bentonitic claystone. Morrison Formation (North and South Wyoming) - Dully variegated claystone, nodular limestone, and gray silty sandstone. In southern Yellowstone and Jackson Hole areas the presence of Morrison is questionable. Morrison Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - dully variegated siliceous claystone, nodular white limestone, and gray silty sandstone. Inyan Kara Group (Northeast - Black Hills) - Rusty to light-gray sandstone containing lenticular chert-pebble conglomerate interbedded with variegated bentonitic claystone. Includes Fall River and Lakota Formations.

Sundance and Gypsum Spring Formations (Middle Jurassic-Upper Jurassic) at surface, covers 12 % of this area

Sundance Formation (Js) - Greenish-gray glauconitic sandstone and shale, underlain by red and gray nonglauconitic sandstone and shale. Gypsum Spring Formation - Interbedded red shale, dolomite, and gypsum. In north Wyoming wedges out south in T. 39 N.

Greenhorn Formation and Belle Fourche and Mowry Shale (Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 11 % of this area

Greenhorn Formation - Light-colored limestone, marl, and limy sandstone interbedded with gray concretionary shale. Belle Fourche Shale - Black soft bentonitic concretionary shale. Mowry Shale (Kmr) - Silvery-gray hard siliceous shale containing abundant fish scales and bentonite beds.

Newcastle Sandstone and Skull Creek Shale (Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 9 % of this area

Newcastle Sandstone - Gray sandstone and sandy shale containing some bentonite and coal. Skull Creek Shale - Black soft fissile shale.

Alluvium and Colluvium (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers 8 % of this area

Clay, silt, sand, and gravel in flood plains, fans, terraces, and slopes.

Spearfish Formation (Permian-Upper Triassic) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

Red shale, red siltstone, and white gypsum beds; gypsum beds especially abundant near base.

Lance Formation (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

(North Wyoming) - Thick-bedded buff sandstone and drab to green shale; thin conglomerate lenses. (South and Northeast Wyoming) - Brown and gray sandstone and shale; thin coal and carbonaceous shale beds.

Pierre Shale (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

Dark-gray concretionary marine shale; contains several bentonite beds.

Minnelusa Formation (Lower Pennsylvanian-Permian) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Buff and red limy sandstone; some thin limestone beds, solution breccias, and gypsum.

Fort Union Formation - Tullock Member (Paleocene) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Soft gray sandstone, gray and brown carbonaceous shale, and thin coal beds.

Minnekahta Limestone and Opeche Shale (Permian) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Minnekahta Limestone - Gray slabby hard limestone. Locally is a member of the Goose Egg Formation. Opeche Shale - Red soft sandy shale. Locally is a member of the Goose Egg Formation.

Niobrara Formation and Carlile Shale (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Niobrara Formation (Kn) - Light-colored limestone and gray to yellow speckled limy shale. Carlile Shale (Kcl) - Dark-gray sandy shale; Sage Breaks Member at top; Turner Sandy Member in middle.

Intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks (Eocene) at surface, covers 0.9 % of this area

Incorporates masses of Mississippian through Cambrian formations. Confined to Black Hills.

Fox Hills Sandstone (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area

Light-colored sandstone and gray sandy shale containing marine fossils.

Landslide deposits (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Locally includes intermixed landslide and glacial deposits, talus, and rock-glacier deposits.

Gravel, pediment, and fan deposits (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Mostly locally derived clasts. Includes some glacial deposits along east flank of Wind River Range. Locally includes some Tertiary gravels.

Upper Miocene Rocks (Upper Miocene) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Southwest Wyoming: South end of Wind River Range--Siliceous, arkosic, and locally radioactive sandstone, claystone, and conglomerate. Fission-track age about 27 Ma. Recent work suggests that part of these deposits may be of Eocene age. Pliocene and Miocene (as originally defined 2) South Pass Formation. Saratoga Valley--White to greenish-gray tuffaceous sandstone, siltstone, and claystone; locally conglomeratic. North Park Formation; Central Wyoming: Arkosic sandstone, conglomerate, and siltstone; some light-colored tuffaceous radioactive claystone and white cherty limestone. North of Sweetwater River in Granite Mountains--Light-colored tuffaceous radioactive claystone, siltstone, sandstone, and arkose. Moonstone Formation; East Wyoming: Light-colored tuffaceous claystone, sandstone, and conglomerate. Ogallala Formation in Denver Basin.

Pahasapa and Englewood Limestones (Upper Devonian-Lower Mississippian) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Pahasapa Limestone - Gray massive dolomitic limestone. Englewood Limestone - Pink slabby dolomitic limestone.

White River Formation (Oligocene) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

White to pale-pink blocky tuffaceous claystone and lenticular arkosic conglomerate.

Madison Limestone, Darby Formation, Bighorn Dolomite, Gallatin Limestone, Gros Ventre Formation, and Flathead Sandstone, Cambrian rocks, Minnekahta Limestone, Opeche Shale, Minnelusa Formation, Pahasapa and Englewood Limestones, Whitewood Dolomite, and Winnipeg and Deadwood Formations (Cambrian-Permian) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Madison Limestone or Group (North and South Wyoming) - Group includes Mission Canyon Limestone (blue-gray massive limestone and dolomite), underlain by Lodgepole Limestone (gray cherty limestone and dolomite). Darby Formation (North Wyoming) - Yellow and greenish-gray shale and dolomitic siltstone underlain by fetid brown dolomite and limestone. Bighorn Dolomite (North Wyoming) - Gray massive cliff-forming siliceous dolomite and locally dolomitic limestone. Gallatin Limestone or Group (North Wyoming) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone. Gros Ventre Formation (North Wyoming) - Soft green micaceous shale (Upper and Middle Cambrian Park Shale Member), underlain by blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone (Middle Cambrian Death Canyon Limestone Member), and soft green micaceous shale (Middle Cambrian Wolsey Shale Member). Flathead Sandstone (North Wyoming) - Dull-red quartzitic sandstone. Cambrian Rocks (South Wyoming) - On south flank of Granite Mountains, blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone interbedded with soft green micaceous shale; dull-red quartzitic sandstone at bae. On and south of Rawlins uplift, glauconitic quartzitic sandstone. Minnekahta Limestone (Northeast Wyoming) - Gray slabby hard limestone. Locally is a member of the Goose Egg Formation. Opeche Shale (Northeast Wyoming) - Red soft sandy shale. Locally is a member of the Goose Egg Formation. Minnelusa Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - Buff and red limy sandstone; some thin limestone beds, solution breccias, and gypsum. Pahasapa Limestone (Northeast Wyoming) - Gray massive dolomititc limestone. Englewood Limestone (Northeast Wyoming) - Pink slabby dolomitic limestone. Whitewood Dolomite (Northeast Wyoming) - Buff massive fossiliferous dolomite. Winnipeg Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - Pink to yellow siltstone and shale. Deadwood Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - Red and brown quartzitic sandstone. Paleozoic Rocks, undifferentiated (Thrust Belt).

Lower Miocene and Upper Oligocene rocks or rocks equivalent to Upper and Lower Miocene rocks and White River Formation (Upper Oligocene-Upper Miocene) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Lower Miocene and Upper Oligocene rocks--Light-colored soft porous sandstone and underlying white tuffaceous claystone and siltstone. Arikaree Formation in Denver Basin; rocks equivalent to Upper and Lower Miocene rocks and White River Formation--Light-colored sandstone, white tuffaceous blocky claystone, and siltstone. Black Hills.

Bighorn Dolomite, Gallatin Group, Gros Ventre Formation, Snowy Range Formation, Pilgrim Limestone, Park Shale, Meagher Limestone, Wolsey Shale, Flathead Sandstone, Whitewood Dolomite, and Winnipeg and Deadwood Formations (Middle Cambrian-Upper Ordovician) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Bighorn Dolomite (Thrust Belt and North Wyoming) - Gray massive cliff-forming siliceous dolomite and locally dolomitic limestone. Bighorn Dolomite (Northern Yellowstone area) - Light-gray massive siliceous dolomite. Gallatin Limestone or Group (Thrust Belt) - Gray and tan limestone. Gallatin Limestone or Group (North Wyoming) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone. Gallatin Group-Snowy Range Formation (Northern Yellowstone area) - Medium-gray limestone and underlying greenish-gray shale. Gallatin Group-Pilgrim Limestone (Northern Yellowstone area) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard limestone. Gros Ventre Formation (Thrust Belt) - Greenish-gray micaceous shale. Gros Ventre Formation (North Wyoming) - Soft green micaceous shale (Upper and Middle Cambrian Park Shale Member), underlain by blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone (Middle Cambrian Death Canyon Limestone Member), and soft green micaceous shale (Middle Cambrian Wolsey Shale Member). Park Shale (Northern Yellowstone area) - Green micaceous soft shale. Upper part may be Late Cambrian. Meagher Limestone (Northern Yellowstone area) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard limestone. Wolsey Shale (Northern Yellowstone area) - Green micaceous soft shale. Flathead Sandstone (Northern Yellowstone area and North Wyoming) - Dull-red quartzitic sandstone. Whitewood Dolomite (Northeast Wyoming) - Buff massive fossiliferous dolomite. Winnipeg Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - Pink to yellow siltstone and shale. Deadwood Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - Red and brown quartzitic sandstone.

Metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks (Early Proterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Sierra Madre--Granite gneiss, felsic gneiss, amphibolite, and metavolcanic rocks. Medicine Bow Mountains--Granite gneiss, felsic gneiss, amphibolite, and hornblende gneiss. Laramie Mountains--Pelitic schist, marble, granite gneiss, layered amphibolite, and felsic gneiss. Black Hills--Pelitic schist; includes minor amounts of granite and amphibolite.

Granitic rocks of 2,600-Ma Age Group (Late Archean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Teton Range--Mount Owen Quartz Monzonite. Age 2,500+/- Ma; may be of Early Proterozoic age. Gros Ventre and Washakie Ranges--Granitic rocks. Yellowstone National Park, Owl Creek, Granite, and Seminoe Mountains, Rawlins uplift, and Medicine Bow Mountains--Granite. Wind River Range--Granodiorite to porphyritic and equigranular granite. Sierra Madre--Granite and granodiorite. Laramie Mountains--Granite, amphibolite, and minor amounts of metasedimentary rocks. Hartville uplift--Granite and quartz monzonite. Black Hills uplift--Granite and minor amounts of metasedimentary rocks.

Carlile Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dark to light gray, noncalcareous, partly silty or sandy shale with upper zone of white-weathering, calcareous concretions, middle zone of sandy, orange-weathering, calcareous concretions, and basal zone of ferruginous concretions. Marine. Thickness as much as 195 m (640 ft).

Belle Fourche Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Gray to black shale with ironstone concretions and numerous bentonite beds. Mosby Sandstone Member (upper part of formation in north- and east-central Montana): brown sandstone locally with chert pebbles, interbedded with gray shale. Big Elk Sandstone Member (lower part of formation in southwest-central Montana): light gray, chert-rich sandstone commonly stained dark red, interbedded with thin, dark gray to black clayey shale. Marine shelf. Thickness as much as 260 m (853 ft).

Greenhorn Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Gray to light gray calcareous shale and shaly marl with thin beds of limestone. Shale contains white to pink calcareous specks. Marine. Thickness as much as 100 m (30–75 ft).

Niobrara Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Gray to dark gray shale with numerous thin bentonite beds. Chalky aggregates of coccoliths and rhabdoliths in upper part. MacGowan Concretionary Bed (middle part of formation): grayish brown concretionary dolostone and limestone with phosphatic pellets and gray to black chert pebbles. Marine. Lower part noncalcareous. Thickness as much as 9–23 m (30–75 ft).

Mowry Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Light gray to silvery gray, platy to blocky, siliceous shale and subordinate thin-bedded, gray siltstone or very fine-grained sandstone laminae or beds. Fish scales common in central Montana. Ledge-forming, chert-bearing, fine- to medium-grained sandstone at top throughout west-central Montana. Marine. Thickness 240 m (787 ft).

Groat sandstone bed of Pierre Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Gray, ferruginous and glauconitic, fine- to coarse-grained sandstone, siltstone, and sandy to silty gray shale. Offshore marine. Pinches out laterally. Thickness as much as 100 m (328 ft).

Pierre Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dark gray, partly silty shale with abundant bentonite beds and zones of gray, calcareous concretions. Marine. Thickness as much as650 m (2,133 ft). Only upper 50 m (164 ft) exposed.

Minnelusa Formation (Permian to Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Variegated, yellow to red, gray to brown, pink to purple, and black, interbedded sandstone, siltstone, shale, limestone, dolomite, calcarenite, chert and brecciated beds. Thickness 394-1,175 ft (120-358 m).

Alluvium (Quaternary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Gravel, sand, silt, and clay deposits of stream and river channels, and floodplains.

Metagraywacke (Early Proterozoic to Late Archean ?) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Gray, siliceous mica schist and impure quartzite. Thickness undetermined.

Pierre Shale (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Blue-gray to dark-gray, fissile to blocky shale with persistent beds of bentonite, black organic shale, and light-brown chalky shale. Contains minor sandstone, conglomerate, and abundant carbonate and ferruginous concretions. Thickness up to 1,000 ft (305 m).

Whitewood Limestone, Winnipeg Formation, and Deadwood Formation (Ordovician to Cambrian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Whitewood Limestone (Ordovician)- Mottled, tan, gray to lavender, fine- to medium-crystalline, sparsely fossiliferous limestone and dolomite. Thickness up to 70 ft (21 m). Winnipeg Formation (Ordovician)- Grat and light-green, fissile shale, and tan, calcareous siltstone, sandy shale, and limestone lenses. Thickness up to 110 ft (34 m). Deadwood Formation (Ordovician to Cambrian)- Variegated, yellow to red, brown, gray, and green, glauconitic, conglomerate, sandstone, shale, dolomitic limestone, and dolomite. Thickness 4-400 ft (1-122 m).

Madison Group (Mississippian to Devonian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Includes: Pahasapa Limestone (Mississippian)-White, light-gray to tan, fine- to medium-crystalline limestone and dolomite containing brown to gray chert. Solution features including collapse breccia, sinkholes, and caves are prevalent. Thickness 300-630 ft (91-192 m). Englewood Formation (Mississippian to Dovonian)- Pink, lavender to light-gray, thin- to medium-bedded, finely crystalline, argillaceous, dolomitic limestone. Thickness 30-63 ft (9-19 m).

Minnekahta Limestone and Opeche Shale (Permian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Minnekahta Limestone-Purple to gray, finely crystalline, thin- to medium-bedded limestone with varying amounts of red shale. Thickness 30-50 ft (9-15 m). Opeche Shale- Red siltstone, argillaceous sandstone and shale interbedded with caliche layers. Thickness 85-130 ft (26-40 m).

Metabasalt (Early Proterozoic to Late Archean ?) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dark-green amphibolite and amphibolite schist. Thickness of individual flows 50-200 ft (15-61 m).

Trachytic Intrusive Rocks (Eocene to Paleocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Tan to reddish-brown, iron-stained stocks, laccoliths, sills, and dikes of trachyte, quartz trachyte, and alkalic rhyolite. Contains phenocrysts of sanidine, orrthoclase, anorthoclase, aegirine-augite and biotite in a finely crystalline orthoclase-quartz biotite groundmass.