Geologic units in Hot Springs county, Wyoming

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Cody Shale (Late Cretaceous) at surface, covers 14 % of this area

(Northern Yellowstone area) - Gray to brown shale and siltstone. (North and South Wyoming) - Dull-gray shale, gray siltstone, and fine-grained gray sandstone.

Chugwater and Dinwoody Formations (Lower Triassic-Upper Triassic) at surface, covers 7 % of this area

Chugwater Formation - Red siltstone and shale. Alcova Limestone Member in upper middle part. Thin gypsum partings near base. Dinwoody Formation - Olive-drab hard dolomitic thin-bedded siltstone.

Mesaverde Formation or Mesaverde Group (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 7 % of this area

Mesaverde Formation (north Wyoming) - Light-colored massive to thin-bedded sandstone, gray sandy shale, and coal beds. In Jackson Hole locally contains gold-bearing quartzite conglomerate. North of North Fork Powder River east of the Bighorn Mountains, consists solely of the Parkman Sandstone Member. Mesaverde Group (South Wyoming) - Includes Almond Formation, Ericson Sandstone, Rock Springs and Blair Formations in Rock Springs uplift; Almond Formation (white and brown soft sandstone, gray sandy shale, coal and carbonaceous shale), Pine Ridge Sandstone (light-gray sandstone and thin coal beds), and Allen Ridge (gray sandstone, shale, and thin coal beds) and Haystack Mountains (gray marine sandstone and shale) Formations in Rawlins uplift; Pine Ridge Sandstone (light-gray sandstone and thin coal beds) and Rock River Formation (soft sandstone and sandy shale) in Laramie Basin.

Phosphoria Formation and Related Rocks (Permian) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

(Thrust Belt) - Upper part is dark- to light-gray chert and shale with black shale and phosphorite at top; lower part is black shale, phosphorite, and cherty dolomite. (North Wyoming) - Brown sandstone and dolomite, cherty phosphatic and glauconitic dolomite, phosphatic sandstone and dolomite, and greenish-gray to black shale. Intertonguing equivalents of parts of Phosphoria are Park City Formation (primarily cherty dolomite, limestone, and phosphatic gray shale) and Shedhorn Sandstone.

Absaroka Volcanic Supergroup: Thorofare Creek Group - Aycross Formation (Eocene) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Brightly variegated bentonitic claystone and tuffaceous sandstone, grading laterally into greenish-gray sandstone and claystone. In and east of Jackson Hole contains gold-bearing lenticular quartzite conglomerate.

Cloverly, Morrison, Sundance, and Gypsum Spring Formations (Middle Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Cloverly Formation - Rusty sandstone at top, underlain by brightly variegated bentonitic claystone; chert-pebble conglomerate locally at base. Morrison Formation - Dully variegated claystone, nodular limestone, and gray silty sandstone. In southern Yellowstone and Jackson Hole areas the presence of Morrison is questionable. Sundance Formation (Js) - Greenish-gray glauconitic sandstone and shale, underlain by red and gray nonglauconitic sandstone and shale. Gypsum Spring Formation - Interbedded red shale, dolomite, and gypsum. In north Wyoming wedges out south in T. 39 N.

Fort Union Formation (Paleocene) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

(Northwest, Southwest, and Central Wyoming) - Brown to gray sandstone, gray to black shale, and thin coal beds. (East Wyoming) - Light-colored massive sandstone, drab shale, and thick coal beds.

Absaroka Volcanic Supergroup: Thorofare Creek Group - Tepee Trail Formation (Eocene) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Green and olive-drab hard generally well bedded andesitic conglomerate, sandstone, and claystone.

Lance Formation, Fox Hills Sandstone, Meeteetse Formation, and Bearpaw and Lewis Shales (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

In the Bighorn Basin consists of Lance, Meeteetse and, in the southeastern part, tongue of Lewis Shale; in the northern part of the Wind River Basin, of Lance, Meeteetse, and Lewis, and, in the southeastern part of the basin, of Lance and Lewis; on the west side of the Powder River Basin north of T. 45 N., of Lance, Fox Hills, and Bearpaw, and, to the south, of Lance, Fox Hills, and Lewis. Lance Formation - Thick-bedded buff sandstone and drab to green shale; thin conglomerate lenses. Fox Hills Sandstone - Light-colored sandstone and gray sandy shale containing marine fossils. Meeteetse Formation - Chalky-white to gray sandstone, yellow, green, and dark-gray bentonitic claystone, white tuff, and thin coal beds. Bearpaw Shale - Dark-greenish-gray shale containing thin gray sandstone partings. Lewis Shale - Gray marine shale containing many gray and brown lenticular concretion-rich sandstone beds.

Alluvium and Colluvium (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Clay, silt, sand, and gravel in flood plains, fans, terraces, and slopes.

Mowry and Thermopolis Shales (Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Mowry Shale (Kmr) - Silvery-gray hard siliceous shale containing abundant fish scales and bentonite beds. Thermopolis Shale - Black soft fissile shale; Muddy Sandstone Member at top.

Wagon Bed Formation (Eocene) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Southwest and central Wyoming--Green and gray tuffaceous claystone, sandstone, and conglomerate; some uranium-phosphate marlstone and variegated bentonitic claystone. Locally contains oil shale between Wind River and Bighorn Basins; Central Wyoming (west side of Laramie Mountains)--Dull-green siliceous bentonitic claystone and tuff; giant granite boulder conglomerate in tuffaceous matrix.

Absaroka Volcanic Supergroup: Thorofare Creek Group - Wiggins Formation (Eocene) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Light-gray volcanic conglomerate and white tuff, containing clasts of igneous rocks.

Willwood Formation (Eocene) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Variegated claystone, shale, and sandstone; some lenticular gold-bearing quartzite conglomerate.

Tensleep Sandstone and Amsden Formation (Upper Mississippian-Permian) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Tensleep Sandstone (North Wyoming) - White to gray sandstone containing thin limestone and dolomite beds. Permian fossils have been found in the topmost beds of the Tensleep at some localities in Washakie Range, Owl Creek Mountains, and southern Bighorn Mountains. Amsden Formation (North Wyoming) - Red and green shale and dolomite; at base is brown sandstone. Tensleep Sandstone (Sorth Wyoming) - White to gray sandstone containing thin limestone and dolomite beds. Amsden Formation (South Wyoming) - Red and green shale and dolomite; at base is persistent red to brown sandstone.

Bighorn Dolomite, Gallatin Group, Gros Ventre Formation, Snowy Range Formation, Pilgrim Limestone, Park Shale, Meagher Limestone, Wolsey Shale, Flathead Sandstone, Whitewood Dolomite, and Winnipeg and Deadwood Formations (Middle Cambrian-Upper Ordovician) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Bighorn Dolomite (Thrust Belt and North Wyoming) - Gray massive cliff-forming siliceous dolomite and locally dolomitic limestone. Bighorn Dolomite (Northern Yellowstone area) - Light-gray massive siliceous dolomite. Gallatin Limestone or Group (Thrust Belt) - Gray and tan limestone. Gallatin Limestone or Group (North Wyoming) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone. Gallatin Group-Snowy Range Formation (Northern Yellowstone area) - Medium-gray limestone and underlying greenish-gray shale. Gallatin Group-Pilgrim Limestone (Northern Yellowstone area) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard limestone. Gros Ventre Formation (Thrust Belt) - Greenish-gray micaceous shale. Gros Ventre Formation (North Wyoming) - Soft green micaceous shale (Upper and Middle Cambrian Park Shale Member), underlain by blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone (Middle Cambrian Death Canyon Limestone Member), and soft green micaceous shale (Middle Cambrian Wolsey Shale Member). Park Shale (Northern Yellowstone area) - Green micaceous soft shale. Upper part may be Late Cambrian. Meagher Limestone (Northern Yellowstone area) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard limestone. Wolsey Shale (Northern Yellowstone area) - Green micaceous soft shale. Flathead Sandstone (Northern Yellowstone area and North Wyoming) - Dull-red quartzitic sandstone. Whitewood Dolomite (Northeast Wyoming) - Buff massive fossiliferous dolomite. Winnipeg Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - Pink to yellow siltstone and shale. Deadwood Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - Red and brown quartzitic sandstone.

Frontier Formation (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

(Thrust Belt) - White to brown sandstone and dark-gray shale; oyster coquina in upper part; coal and lignite in lower part. (North and South Wyoming) - Gray sandstone and sandy shale.

Gravel, pediment, and fan deposits (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Mostly locally derived clasts. Includes some glacial deposits along east flank of Wind River Range. Locally includes some Tertiary gravels.

Madison Group, Darby Formation, Three Forks and Jefferson Formations (Upper Devonian-Upper Mississippian) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Madison Limestone or Group (Thrust Belt, North Wyoming and Northern Yellowstone area) - Group includes Mission Canyon Limestone (blue-gray massive limestone and dolomite), underlain by Lodgepole Limestone (gray cherty limestone and dolomite). Darby Formation (Thrust Belt and North Wyoming) - Yellow and greenish-gray shale and dolomitic siltstone underlain by fetid brown dolomite and limestone. Three Forks Formation (Northern Yellowstone area) - Pink, yellow, and green dolomitic siltstone and shale. Jefferson Formation (Northern Yellowstone area) - Massive siliceous dolomite.

Granitic rocks of 2,600-Ma Age Group (Late Archean) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Teton Range--Mount Owen Quartz Monzonite. Age 2,500+/- Ma; may be of Early Proterozoic age. Gros Ventre and Washakie Ranges--Granitic rocks. Yellowstone National Park, Owl Creek, Granite, and Seminoe Mountains, Rawlins uplift, and Medicine Bow Mountains--Granite. Wind River Range--Granodiorite to porphyritic and equigranular granite. Sierra Madre--Granite and granodiorite. Laramie Mountains--Granite, amphibolite, and minor amounts of metasedimentary rocks. Hartville uplift--Granite and quartz monzonite. Black Hills uplift--Granite and minor amounts of metasedimentary rocks.

Frontier Formation and Mowry and Thermopolis Shales (Lower Cretaceous-Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Frontier Formation (Kf) - Gray sandstone and sandy shale. In Northern Yellowstone area, Yellowish- to medium-gray sandstone; tuffaceous and carbonaceous in lower part. Mowry Shale (Kmr) - Silvery-gray hard siliceous shale containing abundant fish scales and bentonite beds. Thermopolis Shale - Black soft fissile shale; Muddy Sandstone Member at top.

Tatman Formatin (Eocene) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

Drab nontuffaceous claystone, oil shale, lignite, and sandstone.

Madison Limestone or Group (Lower Mississippian-Upper Mississippian) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

Group includes Mission Canyon Limestone (blue-gray massive limestone and dolomite), underlain by Lodgepole Limestone (gray cherty limestone and dolomite).

Lance Formation (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area

(North Wyoming) - Thick-bedded buff sandstone and drab to green shale; thin conglomerate lenses. (South and Northeast Wyoming) - Brown and gray sandstone and shale; thin coal and carbonaceous shale beds.

Landslide deposits (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Locally includes intermixed landslide and glacial deposits, talus, and rock-glacier deposits.

Meeteetse Formation (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area

Chalky-white to gray sandstone, yellow, green, and dark-gray bentonitic claystone, white tuff, and thin coal beds.

Cloverly and Morrison Formations or Inyan Kara Group (Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Cloverly Formation (North and South Wyoming) - Rusty sandstone at top, underlain by brightly variegated bentonitic claystone; chert-pebble conglomerate locally at base. Cloverly Formation (Northeast Wyoming - Hartville Uplift) - Rusty to light-gray sandstone containing lenticular chert-pebble conglomerate interbedded with variegated bentonitic claystone. Morrison Formation (North and South Wyoming) - Dully variegated claystone, nodular limestone, and gray silty sandstone. In southern Yellowstone and Jackson Hole areas the presence of Morrison is questionable. Morrison Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - dully variegated siliceous claystone, nodular white limestone, and gray silty sandstone. Inyan Kara Group (Northeast - Black Hills) - Rusty to light-gray sandstone containing lenticular chert-pebble conglomerate interbedded with variegated bentonitic claystone. Includes Fall River and Lakota Formations.

Intrusive igneous rocks (Eocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Felsic and mafic igneous bodies; the larger are mainly felsic.

Sundance and Gypsum Spring Formations (Middle Jurassic-Upper Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Sundance Formation (Js) - Greenish-gray glauconitic sandstone and shale, underlain by red and gray nonglauconitic sandstone and shale. Gypsum Spring Formation - Interbedded red shale, dolomite, and gypsum. In north Wyoming wedges out south in T. 39 N.

Sundance and Gypsum Spring Formations and Nugget Sandstone (Jurassic(?) and Triassic(?) to Upper Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Sundance Formation (Js) - Greenish-gray glauconitic sandstone and shale, underlain by red and gray nonglauconitic sandstone and shale. Gypsum Spring Formation - Interbedded red shale, dolomite, and gypsum. In north Wyoming wedges out south in T. 39 N. Nugget Sandstone (JTRn) - Gray to dull-red, crossbedded quartz sandstone.

Wind River Formation (Eocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Northwest Wyoming (Jackson Hole) - Variegated red and white claystone and siltstone; largely nontuffaceous except near the top; lenticular coal unit in middle. At base locally includes equivalent of Indian Meadows Formation. Central Wyoming - Variegated claystone and sandstone; lenticular conglomerate. Age of tuff at top 49 Ma.

Indian Meadows Formation (Eocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Red to variegated claystone, sandstone, and algal-ball(?) limestone; some beds of large Paleozoic boulders and detachment masses of Paleozoic and Mesozoic rocks.

Terrace gravel (Pliocene-Pleistocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Partly consolidated gravel above and flanking some major streams.

Metamorphosed mafic and ultramafic rocks (Late Archean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Teton Range--Rendezvous Metagabbro; 2,875 Ma or older. Gros Ventre Range--Hornblende gneiss and serpentinite. Wind River Range--Pillowed amphibolite, metagabbro, and ultramafic sills. Wind River Canyon (cutting through Owl Creek Mountains)--Amphibolite and felsic gneiss of volcanic origin. Older than 2,700 Ma. Bighorn and Granite Mountains--Amphibolite. Seminoe Mountains--Amphibolite of volcanic origin, komatiite, and metagabbro. Casper Mountain--Amphibolite and serpentinite. Laramie Mountains--Amphibolite of volcanic origin, komatiite(?), metagabbro, and ultramafic sills.

Oldest gneiss complex (Early Archean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Chiefly layered granitic gneiss, locally migmatitic. Local masses of quartzite, metagraywacke, iron-formation, and other metasedimentary rocks and amphibolite and felsic gneiss thought to be volcanic; metasedimentary rocks in Beartooth Mountains contain detrital zircon dated at more than 3,400 Ma. Inclusions show evidence of granulite-facies metamorphism prior to 2,800 Ma. Mueller and others (1982) suggest that large areas in Beartooth Mountains were invaded by Late Archean granite (age about 2,800 Ma). Bighorn Mountains--Dates of metamorphism 3,000+ Ma.