Geologic units in Sheridan county, Wyoming

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Wasatch Formation (Eocene) at surface, covers 44 % of this area

(Thrust Belt) Main body--Variegated red to gray, brown, and gray mudstone and sandstone; conglomeratic lenses. (in southwest Wyoming) - Drab to variegated claystone and siltstone, carbonaceous shale and coal, buff sandstone, arkose, and conglomerate. In northwestern part of Green River Basin is thick arkosic light-yellowish-tan sandstone intertonguing with pale-green to gray claystone and shale. (in east Wyoming) - Drab sandstone and drab to variegated claystone; numerous coal beds in lower part.

Plutonic rocks (Middle Archean-Late Archaen) at surface, covers 10 % of this area

Wind River Range--Largely granite gneiss; contains diorite and quartz diorite facies. Bighorn Mountains--Quartz diorite to quartz monzonite. Age 2,900+ Ma.

Fort Union Formation - Tongue River Member (Paleocene) at surface, covers 9 % of this area

Thick beds of yellow sandstone interbedded with gray and black shale and many coal beds.

Madison Group, Darby Formation, Three Forks and Jefferson Formations (Upper Devonian-Upper Mississippian) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

Madison Limestone or Group (Thrust Belt, North Wyoming and Northern Yellowstone area) - Group includes Mission Canyon Limestone (blue-gray massive limestone and dolomite), underlain by Lodgepole Limestone (gray cherty limestone and dolomite). Darby Formation (Thrust Belt and North Wyoming) - Yellow and greenish-gray shale and dolomitic siltstone underlain by fetid brown dolomite and limestone. Three Forks Formation (Northern Yellowstone area) - Pink, yellow, and green dolomitic siltstone and shale. Jefferson Formation (Northern Yellowstone area) - Massive siliceous dolomite.

Alluvium and Colluvium (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Clay, silt, sand, and gravel in flood plains, fans, terraces, and slopes.

Fort Union Formation (Paleocene) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

(Northwest, Southwest, and Central Wyoming) - Brown to gray sandstone, gray to black shale, and thin coal beds. (East Wyoming) - Light-colored massive sandstone, drab shale, and thick coal beds.

Fort Union Formation - Lebo Member (Paleocene) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Dark-gray clay shale and concretionary sandstone.

Gallatin Limestone, Gros Ventre Formation and equivalents, Flathead Sandstone, and Cambrian Rocks (Middle Cambrian-Upper Cambrian) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Gallatin Limestone (North Wyoming) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone. Gros Ventre Formation (North Wyoming) - Soft green micaceous shale (Upper and Middle Cambrian Park Shale Member), underlain by blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone (Middle Cambrian Death Canyon Limestone Member), and soft green micaceous shale (Middle Cambrian Wolsey Shale Member). Flathead Sandstone (North Wyoming) - Dull-red quartzitic sandstone. Cambrian Rocks (South Wyoming) - South flank of Granite Mountains--Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone interbedded with soft green micaceous shale; dull-red quartzitic sandstone at base. On and south of Rawlins uplift--Glauconitic quartzitic sandstone.

Bighorn Dolomite, Gallatin Group, Gros Ventre Formation, Snowy Range Formation, Pilgrim Limestone, Park Shale, Meagher Limestone, Wolsey Shale, Flathead Sandstone, Whitewood Dolomite, and Winnipeg and Deadwood Formations (Middle Cambrian-Upper Ordovician) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Bighorn Dolomite (Thrust Belt and North Wyoming) - Gray massive cliff-forming siliceous dolomite and locally dolomitic limestone. Bighorn Dolomite (Northern Yellowstone area) - Light-gray massive siliceous dolomite. Gallatin Limestone or Group (Thrust Belt) - Gray and tan limestone. Gallatin Limestone or Group (North Wyoming) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone. Gallatin Group-Snowy Range Formation (Northern Yellowstone area) - Medium-gray limestone and underlying greenish-gray shale. Gallatin Group-Pilgrim Limestone (Northern Yellowstone area) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard limestone. Gros Ventre Formation (Thrust Belt) - Greenish-gray micaceous shale. Gros Ventre Formation (North Wyoming) - Soft green micaceous shale (Upper and Middle Cambrian Park Shale Member), underlain by blue-gray and yellow mottled hard dense limestone (Middle Cambrian Death Canyon Limestone Member), and soft green micaceous shale (Middle Cambrian Wolsey Shale Member). Park Shale (Northern Yellowstone area) - Green micaceous soft shale. Upper part may be Late Cambrian. Meagher Limestone (Northern Yellowstone area) - Blue-gray and yellow mottled hard limestone. Wolsey Shale (Northern Yellowstone area) - Green micaceous soft shale. Flathead Sandstone (Northern Yellowstone area and North Wyoming) - Dull-red quartzitic sandstone. Whitewood Dolomite (Northeast Wyoming) - Buff massive fossiliferous dolomite. Winnipeg Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - Pink to yellow siltstone and shale. Deadwood Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - Red and brown quartzitic sandstone.

Landslide deposits (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Locally includes intermixed landslide and glacial deposits, talus, and rock-glacier deposits.

Bighorn Dolomite (Middle Ordovician-Upper Ordovician) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Light-gray massive siliceous dolomite in northern Yellowstone area. Gray massive cliff-forming siliceous dolomite and locally dolomitic limestone in Thrust belt and northern Wyoming.

Cody Shale (Late Cretaceous) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

(Northern Yellowstone area) - Gray to brown shale and siltstone. (North and South Wyoming) - Dull-gray shale, gray siltstone, and fine-grained gray sandstone.

Tensleep Sandstone and Amsden Formation (Upper Mississippian-Permian) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Tensleep Sandstone (North Wyoming) - White to gray sandstone containing thin limestone and dolomite beds. Permian fossils have been found in the topmost beds of the Tensleep at some localities in Washakie Range, Owl Creek Mountains, and southern Bighorn Mountains. Amsden Formation (North Wyoming) - Red and green shale and dolomite; at base is brown sandstone. Tensleep Sandstone (Sorth Wyoming) - White to gray sandstone containing thin limestone and dolomite beds. Amsden Formation (South Wyoming) - Red and green shale and dolomite; at base is persistent red to brown sandstone.

Undivided surficial deposits (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

Mostly alluvium, colluvium, and glacial and landslide deposits. Primarily in Yellowstone area and Bighorn Mountains.

Frontier Formation and Mowry and Thermopolis Shales (Lower Cretaceous-Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Frontier Formation (Kf) - Gray sandstone and sandy shale. In Northern Yellowstone area, Yellowish- to medium-gray sandstone; tuffaceous and carbonaceous in lower part. Mowry Shale (Kmr) - Silvery-gray hard siliceous shale containing abundant fish scales and bentonite beds. Thermopolis Shale - Black soft fissile shale; Muddy Sandstone Member at top.

Chugwater and Goose Egg Formations (Permian-Upper Triassic) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area

Chugwater Formation (North Wyoming) - Red siltstone and shale. Alcova Limestone Member in upper middle part in north Wyoming. Thin gypsum partings near base in north and northeast Wyoming. Goose Egg Formation - Red sandstone and siltstone, white gypsum, halite, and purple to white dolomite and limestone. Chugwater Group or Formation (South Wyoming) - Red shale and siltstone containing thin gypsum partings near base. Group includes Popo Agie Formation (red shale and red, yellow, and purple siltstone; lenses of lime-pellet conglomerate), Crow Mountain Sandstone (red and gray, thick bedded), Alcova Limestone, and Red Peak Formation (red siltstone and shale). Chugwater Formation includes as members all the units listed above. Includes overlying Jelm Formation in Shirley and Seminoe Mountains and at northern end of Laramie Basin. Jelm Formation - Red sandstone.

Lance Formation (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area

(North Wyoming) - Thick-bedded buff sandstone and drab to green shale; thin conglomerate lenses. (South and Northeast Wyoming) - Brown and gray sandstone and shale; thin coal and carbonaceous shale beds.

Fort Union Formation - Tullock Member (Paleocene) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area

Soft gray sandstone, gray and brown carbonaceous shale, and thin coal beds.

Glacial deposits (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Till and outwash of sand, gravel, and boulders.

Wasatch Formation - Kingsbury Conglomerate Member (Eocene) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Conglomerate of Paleozoic clasts, interbedded with drab sandstone and variegated claystone.

Fox Hills Sandstone and Bearpaw Shale (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Fox Hills Sandstone (Kfh) - Light-colored sandstone and gray sandy shale containing marine fossils. Bearpaw Shale - Dark-greenish-gray shale containing thin gray sandstone partings.

Sundance and Gypsum Spring Formations (Middle Jurassic-Upper Jurassic) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Sundance Formation (Js) - Greenish-gray glauconitic sandstone and shale, underlain by red and gray nonglauconitic sandstone and shale. Gypsum Spring Formation - Interbedded red shale, dolomite, and gypsum. In north Wyoming wedges out south in T. 39 N.

Mesaverde Formation or Mesaverde Group (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

Mesaverde Formation (north Wyoming) - Light-colored massive to thin-bedded sandstone, gray sandy shale, and coal beds. In Jackson Hole locally contains gold-bearing quartzite conglomerate. North of North Fork Powder River east of the Bighorn Mountains, consists solely of the Parkman Sandstone Member. Mesaverde Group (South Wyoming) - Includes Almond Formation, Ericson Sandstone, Rock Springs and Blair Formations in Rock Springs uplift; Almond Formation (white and brown soft sandstone, gray sandy shale, coal and carbonaceous shale), Pine Ridge Sandstone (light-gray sandstone and thin coal beds), and Allen Ridge (gray sandstone, shale, and thin coal beds) and Haystack Mountains (gray marine sandstone and shale) Formations in Rawlins uplift; Pine Ridge Sandstone (light-gray sandstone and thin coal beds) and Rock River Formation (soft sandstone and sandy shale) in Laramie Basin.

Lance Formation, Fox Hills Sandstone, Meeteetse Formation, and Bearpaw and Lewis Shales (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

In the Bighorn Basin consists of Lance, Meeteetse and, in the southeastern part, tongue of Lewis Shale; in the northern part of the Wind River Basin, of Lance, Meeteetse, and Lewis, and, in the southeastern part of the basin, of Lance and Lewis; on the west side of the Powder River Basin north of T. 45 N., of Lance, Fox Hills, and Bearpaw, and, to the south, of Lance, Fox Hills, and Lewis. Lance Formation - Thick-bedded buff sandstone and drab to green shale; thin conglomerate lenses. Fox Hills Sandstone - Light-colored sandstone and gray sandy shale containing marine fossils. Meeteetse Formation - Chalky-white to gray sandstone, yellow, green, and dark-gray bentonitic claystone, white tuff, and thin coal beds. Bearpaw Shale - Dark-greenish-gray shale containing thin gray sandstone partings. Lewis Shale - Gray marine shale containing many gray and brown lenticular concretion-rich sandstone beds.

Wasatch Formation - Moncrief Member (Eocene) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

Conglomerate of Precambrian clasts, interbedded with drab sandstone and claystone.

Wasatch Formation (Tertiary) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

Southeastern Montana: orangish brown, arkosic sandstone, lenticular conglomerate and siltstone, dark gray carbonaceous shale, coal, and varicolored claystone. Bears Paw Mountains: variegated red, pink, lavender, light green, yellow, gray, and very light gray shale, bentonitic claystone, and siltstone; light gray, brown, and green cross-bedded sandstone; and lenses of boulder conglomerate. Syntectonic alluvial fan and alluvial plain. Thickness as much as 120 m (394 ft) in Montana; upper part removed by erosion.

Cloverly and Morrison Formations or Inyan Kara Group (Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

Cloverly Formation (North and South Wyoming) - Rusty sandstone at top, underlain by brightly variegated bentonitic claystone; chert-pebble conglomerate locally at base. Cloverly Formation (Northeast Wyoming - Hartville Uplift) - Rusty to light-gray sandstone containing lenticular chert-pebble conglomerate interbedded with variegated bentonitic claystone. Morrison Formation (North and South Wyoming) - Dully variegated claystone, nodular limestone, and gray silty sandstone. In southern Yellowstone and Jackson Hole areas the presence of Morrison is questionable. Morrison Formation (Northeast Wyoming) - dully variegated siliceous claystone, nodular white limestone, and gray silty sandstone. Inyan Kara Group (Northeast - Black Hills) - Rusty to light-gray sandstone containing lenticular chert-pebble conglomerate interbedded with variegated bentonitic claystone. Includes Fall River and Lakota Formations.

Mowry and Thermopolis Shales (Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Mowry Shale (Kmr) - Silvery-gray hard siliceous shale containing abundant fish scales and bentonite beds. Thermopolis Shale - Black soft fissile shale; Muddy Sandstone Member at top.

Cloverly, Morrison, Sundance, and Gypsum Spring Formations (Middle Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Cloverly Formation - Rusty sandstone at top, underlain by brightly variegated bentonitic claystone; chert-pebble conglomerate locally at base. Morrison Formation - Dully variegated claystone, nodular limestone, and gray silty sandstone. In southern Yellowstone and Jackson Hole areas the presence of Morrison is questionable. Sundance Formation (Js) - Greenish-gray glauconitic sandstone and shale, underlain by red and gray nonglauconitic sandstone and shale. Gypsum Spring Formation - Interbedded red shale, dolomite, and gypsum. In north Wyoming wedges out south in T. 39 N.

Frontier Formation (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

(Thrust Belt) - White to brown sandstone and dark-gray shale; oyster coquina in upper part; coal and lignite in lower part. (North and South Wyoming) - Gray sandstone and sandy shale.

Tongue River Member of Fort Union Formation (Tertiary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Yellowish orange sandstone, sandy and silty carbonaceous shale, and coal. Alluvial plain. Thickness as much as 300 m (984 ft).

White River Formation (Oligocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

White to pale-pink blocky tuffaceous claystone and lenticular arkosic conglomerate.

Gravel, pediment, and fan deposits (Pleistocene-Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Mostly locally derived clasts. Includes some glacial deposits along east flank of Wind River Range. Locally includes some Tertiary gravels.

Alluvium (Quaternary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Gravel, sand, silt, and clay deposits of stream and river channels, and floodplains.

Chugwater and Goose Egg Formations (Triassic and Permian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Chugwater Formation (TRc): Red siltstone, sandstone, and shale with subordinate gypsum and local limestone bed at top. Shallow restricted marine and nonmarine. Thickness as much as 180 m (590 ft). Goose Egg Formation: Red shale and sandstone with some interbeds of anhydrite, gypsum, and limestone. Nearshore marine, marine, and restricted marine. Thickness 30 m (98 ft).

Amsden Formation (Pennsylvanian and Mississippian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Red shale, light gray limestone, and cherty and sandy limestone. Coastal plain or marine. Thickness as much as 180 m (590 ft).

Tensleep Formation (Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Very light gray sandstone interbedded with subordinate carbonate, shale, and anhydrite. Cyclical marine, eolian, and sabkha. Thickness about 60 m (197 ft).

Madison Group: Mission Canyon and Lodgepole Formations; or Castle Reef and Allan Mountain Formations (Mississippian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Mission Canyon Formation (Mmc): Gray, massive limestone with chert beds and nodules, and solution breccia zones. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 520 m (1,706 ft). Lodgepole Formation (Ml): Woodhurst Member (upper part of formation): light gray, well-bedded limestone, typically with much dark chert, interbedded with thinner calcareous mudstone beds. Paine Member (middle part of formation):dark gray, thin-bedded, silty or fossiliferous limestone. Cottonwood Canyon Member (lower part of formation): black shale with basal conglomeratic lag deposit. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 305 m (1000 ft). In Northwest Montana - Castle Reef Formation: Medium to light gray, thick-bedded limestone or dolomite. Sun River Member (upper part of formation): light gray dolomite with thick fossiliferous lenses. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 300 m (984 ft). Allan Mountain Formation: Dark gray, thinly bedded limestone with thin mudstone and shale partings, and nodular chert. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 200 m (656 ft).

Thermopolis Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dark gray to black shale with subordinate siltstone beds. Middle part of formation contains one or more thin sandstone beds with chert pebble horizons where Muddy Sandstone is not present. Offshore marine. Thickness as much as 305 m (1,000 ft).

Three Forks and Jefferson Formations (Devonian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Three Forks Formation (MDt): Sappington Member (upper part of formation):yellowish orange and yellowish gray siltstone. Trident Member (middle part of formation): greenish gray and light olive gray, fossiliferous, calcareous shale that contains interbeds and nodules of fossiliferous, argillaceous limestone. Logan Gulch Member (lower part of formation): yellowish gray and grayish red, argillaceous limestone breccia and shale breccia that may include dolomitic siltstone. Marine to restricted marine with evaporite basins. Thickness as much as 185 m (607 ft). Jefferson Formation (Dj): Birdbear Member (upper part of formation): light to medium gray, sucrosic dolomite. Lower part of formation: grayish black, commonly petroliferous dolomite or limestone that may be interbedded with light gray quartzite. Marine. Thickness as much as 520 m (1,706 ft).

Kootenai Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Kootenai Formation (Kk, Kku, Kkm, Kkl): Red, maroon, and olive gray mudstone, tan or gray siltstone, calcareous concretions, limestone beds, and several prominent sandstone beds that include the Greybull Member (top of the formation in south-central Montana) and the Sunburst Member (middle to lower part of the formation in northwest-central Montana), both dominantly quartzose sandstone. Basal Cutbank or Pryor Conglomerate. Alluvial plain with local marine influence in the north. Thickness as much as 335 m (1,099 ft).

Pilgrim through Flathead Formation: Pilgrim, Park, Meagher, Wolsey, and Flathead Formations (Cambrian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Pilgrim Formation: Gray, commonly mottled limestone that may contain intraformational limestone conglomerate. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 180 m (590 ft). Park Formation: Grayish green, fissile, micaceous shale with a few thin beds of calcareous sandstone and thin, gray limestone. Local arkose beds. Offshore marine. Thickness as much as 310 m (1,017 ft). Meagher Formation: Gray to bluish gray limestone and dolomitic limestone, locally mottled and with intraformational conglomerate beds. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 300 m (984 ft). Wolsey Formation (CAw): Dark green and purplish gray fissile, micaceous shale, thin glauconitic limestone beds and thin, fine-grained sandstone beds. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 145 m (476 ft). Flathead Formation (CAf): Pinkish gray to light gray sandstone or quartzite. Locally very glauconitic, pebbly, arkosic, or iron-stained. Marine shoreface. Thickness as much as 100 m (328 ft).

Morrison Formation (Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Green, gray, or red mudstone and marlstone with subordinate limestone and sandstone beds. Upper part Neocomian age in central Montana and contains carbonaceous black shale and coal. Fluvial, paludal, and lacustrine. Thickness as much as 180 m (590 ft).

Swift Formation (Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Orangish brown, glauconitic, flaggy-bedded, commonly fossiliferous, fine-grained sandstone or sandy coquina with subordinate dark gray shale interbeds; chert pebbles common. In west-central and northwestern Montana, a dark gray, noncalcareous, micaceous shale forms the lower part of the formation, commonly with a basal chert-pebble conglomerate or conglomeratic sandstone as much as 3 m (10 ft) thick. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 70 m (230 ft).

Lebo Member of Fort Union Formation (Tertiary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dark gray carbonaceous shale, bentonitic claystone, sandstone, and coal. Alluvial plain. Thickness as much as 185 m (607 ft).

Bighorn Formation (Ordovician) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Yellowish gray to very pale orange crystalline dolomite with local basal sandstone. Marine shelf. Thickness as much as 120 m (394 ft).

Piper Formation (Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Upper part: red mudstone and gypsum; middle part: gray shale, limestone, and dolomite; lower part: red mudstone and gypsum. Marine and restricted coastal evaporite basins. Thickness as much as 75 m (246 ft).

Rierdon Formation (Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Gray, locally fossiliferous limestone that may contain floating grains of quartz sand, interbedded with greenish gray limy shale. Lagoonal and marine shelf. Thickness as much as 105 m (344 ft).

Tullock Member of Fort Union Formation (Tertiary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Yellow sandstone interbedded with subordinate grayish brown and black shale and thin beds of coal. Alluvial plain. Thickness as much as 180 m (590 ft).