unconsolidated sand, silt, clay, and gravel
unconsolidated dune sand
Nolans Limestone- upper and lower limestone seperated by shale, 40 ft thick. Odell Shale- mostly red and green shale, 40 ft. thick. Winfield Limestone (base WF)- cherty limestone with fossiliferous gray shale, 25 ft. thick. Doyle Shale- two shale members seperated limestone, 70 ft. thick. Barneston Limestone (base BA)- two thick limestone members seperated by thin limestone, 90 ft. thick: with Fort Riley Limestone Member( base FR)- gray to tan massive to thin bedded limestone with minor gray shale, 45 ft thick. Matfeild Shale- two varicolored shale members seperated by limestone, 80 ft. thick. Wreford Limestone- two cherty limestone members seperated shale, 40 ft. thick.
massive to cross-bedded, generally arkosic sand, silt and gravel, locally cemented with calcium carbonate; also contains limestone, volcanic ash, diatomaceous marl, opaline sandstone and bentonitic clay
sand, silt, clay, and some gravel
unconsolidated sand, silt, clay, and gravel
Includes: Lane Shale,Wyandotte Limestone (base WY), Liberty Memorial Shale, Iola Limestone (base I), Chanute Shale (base CH), Dewey Limestone, Nellie Bly FM, Cherryvale FM, Dennis Limestone (base DN), Galeburg Shale, Mound Valley Limestone, Ladore Shale, Swope Limestone (base SW), Elm Branch Shale, Hertha Limestone.
Ninnescah Shale (base N)- mostly red silty shale with some gray shale , argillaceous limestone and dolomite. Wellington FM with Carlton Limestone Member (base CR)-mostly gray and some red shale with minor limestone and dolomite, siltstone, gypsum and anhydrite
Includes: Topeka Limestone, Calhoun Shale, Deer Creek Limestone (base DC), Tecumseh Shale, Lecompton Limestone (base LC), Kanwaka Shale, Oread Limestone with Plattsmouth Limestone Member (base PL).
Includes: Wood Siding FM, Root Shale, Stotler Limestone (base ST), Pillsbury Shale, Zeandale Limestone (base Z), Willard Shale, Emporia Limestone (base E), Auburn Shale, Bern Limestone (base BR), Scranton Shale, Howard Limestone (base H), and Severy Shale.
Interbedded, soft, light-gray calcareous shale and chalk
White, gray, red, brown and tan kaolinitic claystone, mudstone, shale and siltstone interbedded with grayish to yellowish brown thick lenticular sandstone beds. It also contains lignite and sandstone is commonly well cemented with iron oxide and calcite.
Lawrence FM (base LA)- mostly gray shale and sandstone with minor red shale, coal, gray limestone and conglomerate, thickness ranges from 140ft to 250 ft. Stranger FM- five members containing sandstone, shale, and minor limestone, coal and conglomerate ranging from 100 ft. to 180 ft. thickness.
Greenhorn FM- thin bedded gray, chalky limestone and calcareous shale. Graneros Shale- fissile, noncalcareous, gray shale locally contains sandstone and siltstone beds.
Chalky shale with bentonite and thick chalk beds, dark gray fissile shale containing septarian concretions, and fine-grained sandstone.
Dog Creek FM- maroon silty shale, siltstone, fine-grained feldspathic sandstone. Blaine FM- (base B) gypsum beds seperated by dolomite and red shale. Flower Pot Shale -(base FL) red gypsiferous shale silty shale and minor sandstone and siltstone. Cedar Hills Sandstone- feldspathic sandstone, siltstone, and silty shale. Salt Plain FM- red flaky, silty shale and some siltstone with thick salt beds at base. Harper Sandstone with Kingman Sandstone member (base K)- red argillaceous siltstone and fine silty sandstone with a few beds of res shale and white sandstone. Stone Coral FM- dolomite, anhydrite, gypsum and salt.
Includes: Speiser Shale, Funston Limestone, Blue Rapids Shale, Crouse Limestone (base CS), Easy Creek Shale, Bader Limestone (base BE), Stearns Shale, Beattie Limestone, Eskridge Shale, and Neva Limestone.
Includes: Lost Branch FM, Memorial Shale, Lenapah Limestone (base LE), Nowata Shale, Altamont Limestone (base PA), Bandera Shale, Pawnee Limestone (base PA), Labette Shale and Fort Scott Limestone.
Includes: Grenola Limestone, Roca Shale, Red Eagle Limestone (base RE), Johnson Shale, Foraker Limestone (base FO), Janesville Shale with Five Point Limestone Member (base FP), Falls City Limestone, and Onaga Shale.
Stanton Limestone- three limestone and two shales members, ranges from 15 to 130 ft. thick. Vilas Shale- sandy, carbonaceous gray shale with some sandstone and limestone locally, ranges from 5 to 120 ft. thick. Plattsburg Limestone- two limestone members seperated by shale, ranging from 25 to 115 ft. thick.
Kiowa Shale or FM- light -gray to black illitic shale with thin coquinoidal limestone beds at the base; sandstone lenses common. Cheyenne Sandstone- massive to crossbedded, light-gray to buff fine-grained sandstone with lenses of gray sandy shale and conglomerate.
Includes: Cabaniss FM (base CA) with Verdigris Limestone Member (base V) and Mineral coal bed (base MC), Krebs FM with Bluejacket Sandstone Member (base BJ) and Warner Sandstone Member (base WR).
Includes: Shale Hill FM (base SH), and Hepler FM. Chiefly gray to very dark gray or yellowish gray shale with sandstone members and some limestone and coal.
Thin bedded gray to brownish gray shale; contains concretions, selenite crystals, thin beds of bentonite and locally chalky beds.
Big Basin FM- red silty shale, siltstone, dolomitic siltstone and fine-grained feldspathic sandstone. Day Creek Dolomite- light gray to pink, dense, fine-grained dolomite. Whitehorse FM- mostly red beds of feldspathic sandstone with some beds of siltstone and shale and minor dolomite.
largely chert gravel
Warsaw Limestone- semigranular limestone interlaminated with saccharoidal dolomite with large amounts of gray chert; glauconite occurrs in the lower part. Keokuk Limestone- white tripolitic, chert, siliceous limestone, and dolomite
Silt, sand, sandstone, gravel and conglomerate. Predominantly interfingered fine- to coarse grained, poorly sorted, arkosic, fluvial deposits of light-gray, light-olive-gray, and grayish-green calcareous silt and sand, and locally poorly consolidated conglomerate, sandstone, and siltstone.
Alluvium - clay, silt, sand, and gravel.
Greenhorn Limestone- medium- to light-gray limestone interbedded with argillaceous limestone, marl and calcareous shale; contains Inoceramus fossils. Upper and lower contacts gradational. Approx. max thickness 30 ft. Graneros Shale- medium- to dark-gray, partly calcareous shale. Interbeds of siltstone, sandstone, and carbonaceous shale, and thin bentonite layers in upper part. Approx. max thickness 60 ft.
CIMARRON- Generally semiconsolidated clay, silt, sand, gravel, and caliche 0 to 400 feet thick. BEAVER- Interbedded sand, siltstone, clay, gravel lenses, and thin limestone. Caliche common near surface but occurrence is not limited to the surface. Caliche accounts for most of the white color in the Ogallala. Other colors generally light tan or buff but locally may be pastel shades of almost any color. The Laverne and Rexroad Formations of Pliocene age and the Meade Group and Odee (of local usage) and other formations of Pleistocene age occur locally and are included with the Ogallala Formation, 0-700 feet thick. WOODWARD- Gravel, sand, silt, clay, caliche, and limestone, locally cemented with calcium carbonate. Generally light-tan to gray to white. Thickness ranges up to 400 feet and probably averages 150 feet. CLINTON- Gray to light-brown, fine- to medium-grained sand with some, clay, silt, gravel, volcanic ash, and caliche beds; locally cemented by calcium carbonate. Thickness ranges from 0 to about 320 feet. The formation thins eastward.
Mostly medium to dark-gray, brownish-gray, and black, fissle clay shale. Locally grades to thin beds of calcareous, silty shale or claystone, marl, shaly sandstone, and sandy shale. Locally contains thin seams of gypsum and sparse selenite crystals. Approx. max thickness 1970 ft.
Limestone and shale. Limestone is light gray to dark gray, yellowish gray to pale yellowish brown. Two limestones in the upper part are thin bedded to medium bedded, argillaceous, cherty and fossiliferous; two limestones in the lower part are medium to massive bedded, very cherty, and fossiliferous. Shale is gray, green, red, redish brown, calcareous, arenaceous, fossiliferous; locally fissile. Approx. max thickness 300 ft.
CIMARRON- Fine- to medium-grained sand 0 to 40 feet thick. TEXAS- Fine to coarse windblown sand. Maximum thickness about 30 feet. BEAVER- Fine to coarse, round to sub-round, windblown sand consisting mostly of quartz grains. 0-50 feet thick.
Argillaceous chalk, limestone and shale. Chalk is medium gray to white, interbedded with thin layers of chalky shale; contains many fossil clams, oysters, and formanifera. Limestone is light gray to medium gray and yellowish gray, interbedded with medium-gray chalky shale; also contains fossil clams, oysters, and formanifera. Bedding plans commonly marked by thin layers of gypsum and locally a thin bed of red flint occurs at top of unit. Approx. max thickness 570 ft.
Loose to well-cemented sand and gravel
WOODWARD- Lenticular and interfingering deposits of light-tan to gray gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash. Sand dunes are common in many places. Thickness ranges up to 150 feet and averages about 60 feet. ENID- Sand, silt, clay, and gravel. Maximum thickness, about 75 feet (23 m) along major streams. TULSA- Fine gravel, sand, silt, and clay. CLINTON- Stream-laid deposits of sand, silt, clay, gravel, and volcanic ash; thickness ranges from 0 to about 120 feet. OKLAHOMA CITY- Lenticular beds of sand, silt, clay, and gravel. Thickness ranges from a few feet to about 100 feet and probably averages about 50 feet along major streams. FORT SMITH- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. LAWTON- Sand, clay, and gravel as much as 75 feet (23 m) in Tillman County, ranging from 5 to 50 feet (2 to 15 m) elsewhere. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash; thickness, about 5 to 50 feet; at various levels, as high as 160 feet above present flood plains. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash; several levels 20 to 160 feet or more above present flood plains, with each level containing deposits that average 20 to 30 feet in thickness, some windblown sand on top; may include colluvial wash down sides of hills.
CIMARRON- Clay, silt, sand, and gravel 0 to 100 feet thick. TEXAS- Sand, silt, clay, and gravel located in valleys of principal streams. Thickness not known but may exceed 100 feet in North Canadian River valley and may be 50 to 100 feet in lower parts of valleys of Coldwater and Palo Duro Creeks BEAVER - Sand, gravel, silt, and clay in discontinuous lenses along courses of larger streams. 0-50 feet thick.
Shale, limestone, and sandstone. At top, locally 5 feet of gray to pale-yellowish brown siltstone or very fine grained sandstone. Upper 200 feet of shale is drak gray to medium gray; locally contains ironstone concretions, and interbedded with thin siltstone. Lower 80 feet of shale is medium gray, calcareous, and contains many very thin bedded, fossiliferous, shaly limestone and calcareous shale layers. Approx. max thickness 300 ft.
Shale and interbedded limestone. Shale is gray, green, red, reddish brown, or maroon, sandy, calcareous, fossiliferous, locally fissile; several fissile black shale beds are in lower 75 feet. Interbedded dark- to light-gray, medium- to thick-bedded, argillaceous, cherty limestone beds are very fossiliferous and locally contain shale partings. Approx. max thickness 300 ft
Upper part is white, light-gray, brownish-gray, yellow, redish-brown, and red sandstone and shale. Sandstone is very fine to coarse grained, friable, micaeous, crossbedded, and lenticular; locally contains gravel near base. contains numerous zones of ironstone and siltstone concretions of variable thickness. Middle part is light-gray, yellow, red brown and dark-gray, sandy carbonaceous shale; commonly contains a zone of concretions near top. Lower part is sandstone similar to that in upper except there are zones of siderite concretions and, locally a basal zone of chert pebbles. Approx. max thickness 600 ft.
Shale, sandstone, and interbedded limestone. Shale is light gray to dark gray, greenish gray, red, or black; contains very thin layers of siltstone; locally very fossiliferous, carbonaceous. Sandstone is brownish gray to yellowish gray, or gray, argillaceous , and micaceous. Limestone is dark gray to medium gray, yellowish gray, thin bedded to thick bedded; very fossiliferous. Contains coal beds less than 1 ft. thick. Approx. max thickness 300 ft
Cabaniss Subgroup - cyclic deposits, shale, sandstone, clay and several workable coal beds. Krebs Subgroup - cyclic deposits, sandstone, siltstone, shale, clay and some workable coal beds.
TEXAS- Interfingering beds, tongues, and lenses of sand, silt, clay, gravel, sandstone, caliche, limestone, conglomerate, and volcanic ash. Includes Ogallala and Laverne Formations of Pliocene age and younger deposits of Pleistocene age. Locally the units are tightly cemented by calcium carbonate; other places, they are very poorly consolidated and nearly free of cementing materials. Thickness ranges from 0 to about 800 feet.
Cyclic deposits, limestone and shale with minor sandstone and coal.
WOODWARD- Orange-brown fine-grained sandstone and siltstone, with some interbedded red-brown shale and silty shale in upper part and some thin gypsum beds at base, about 35 feet above base, and at top. The upper two gypsum and (or) dolomite beds are generally pink to maroon and less than 1 foot thick; they may erode into mappable escarpments about 20 feet apart, being named "Emanuel Bed" at top (mapped) and "Relay Creek Bed" 15 to 20 feet below the top (not mapped). In places the basal Marlow is a greenish-gray medium-grained sandstone. In Woods and Woodward Counties, the "Doe Creek Lentil" (Pmd) is a coarse-grained calcareous sandstone with algal clumps and invertebrate fossils, ranging up to 70 feet thick from the base of the Marlow to the Relay Creek Bed, cropping out in a narrow band of high hills striking northeast. Thickness is about 120 feet, with top eroded at many places. CLINTON- "Marlow Formation," Pm, orange-brown, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone, about 100 to 130 feet thick, thinning northward. This formation has 2 gypsum and (or) dolomite beds in upper 20 feet--the "Emanuel Bed" (at top) and the "Relay Creek Bed" (20 feet below top). Two thin, pale shales occur; the first is 1 foot below the top ("Gracemont") and the second is 55 feet above the base (unnamed). OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly orange-brown fine-grained gypsiferous sandstone, with some red-brown shale. Contains 10 feet of calcitic sandstone lenses near middle and 2 thin dolomites (or gypsums) at top. Exposed thickness, about 50 feet (top 50 to 75 feet eroded). (Whitehorse Group) LAWTON- "Marlow Formation," Pm, very fine-grained sandstone with some silty shale; thickness, about 90 to 130 feet (27 to 40 m); contains 2 thin gypsum and (or) dolomite beds in upper 20 feet (6 m)-the "Emanuel Bed" (at top) and the "Relay Creek Bed" (20 feet below top). (Whitehorse Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone, orange-brown, fine- to medium-grained, moderately indurated, with "Verden Sandstone Lentil," Pmv, 10 feet thick near middle, and "Relay Creek" and "Emanuel" dolomite and gypsum beds at top; thickness, 105 to 135 feet (Whitehorse Group).
TEXAS- Red to dark reddish-brown shale, sandstone, and siltstone. Gypsum occurs in all rock units as a cementing agent, as tiny flakes, as thin irregular veinlets, and as discontinuous beds ranging from less than an inch to more than 30 feet thick. Maximum thickness exceeds 2,000 feet. BEAVER- Red shale, sandstone, and siltstone, are predominant rocks with lesser amounts of limestone, dolomite, gypsum, and salt. The undifferentiated Permian rocks include the Whitehorse Group, the Cloud Chief Formation, and the Quartermaster Formation; also included are local outcrops in the southwestern part of the county, which maybe Triassic in age, 3,800 feet thick.
Includes dune sand and silt and Peoria Loess
WOODWARD- Lenticular and interfingering deposits of gravel, sand, silt, and clay. Generally light-tan to gray. Thickness along major streams ranges up to 100 feet and probably averages 40 feet; along minor streams the thickness ranges up to 45 feet and probably averages 20 feet. ENID- Sand, silt, clay, and locally gravel. Maximum thickness ranges from 30 to 80 feet (9 to 24 m) along major streams and from 0 to 60 feet (0 to 18 m) along minor streams. TULSA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. TULSA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. OKLAHOMA CITY- Sand, silt, clay, and lenticular beds of gravel. Thickness ranges from about 30 to 100 feet and probably averages about 50 feet along major streams. Along minor streams, thickness ranges from a few feet to about 50 feet and probably averages about 25 feet. LAWTON- Sand, clay, and gravel as much as 50 feet (15 m) thick; Shown only along major streams and tributaries. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay, including low terraces; thickness, about 25 to 100 feet. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay, including low terraces about 30 feet above channels; thickness, about 50 feet along Little River and 110 feet along Red River.
Cyclic deposits, shale and limestone with sandstone, clay and several coal beds, some workable.
varicolored shales and red sandstone
Shale and interbedded limestone. Shale is dark gray to light gray, brown, red, or green, sandy, calcareous, and fossiliferous. Interbedded dark- to light-gray, very thin to medium bedded, argillaceous, very fossiliferous limestone beds. Near top of unit a fine-grained, micaceous sandstone bed underlies a stromatolite limestone bed which has distinctive lobate bedding. Approx. max thickness 150 ft
TULSA- Shale with thin and lenticular sandstone, minor limestone, and coal. OKLAHOMA CITY- Mainly fine-grained micaceous sandstone and shale locally containing coal beds. Thickness ranges from about 500 to 950 feet. FORT SMITH- Shale, sandstone, and thin coal seams. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, gray, and light-brown medium-grained sandstone; thickness, 150 to 500 feet, decreasing southwestward. Subdivided into lower sandstone, 350 feet thick, and upper shale, 150 feet thick.
TULSA- Shale, sandstone, and coal. FORT SMITH- Shale, sandstone, and coal; includes Bluejacket Sandstone Member at base. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale and sandstone, blue-gray to brown, fine- to coarse- grained, with some thin limestone lenses and a coal bed 2.5 feet thick about 400 feet above base. Thickness, 1,250 to 2,800 feet. "Bluejacket Sandstone," IPbj, at base, 8 to 12 feet thick, with 2-foot "Secor coal" 50 feet above top of Bluejacket. (Lower Franks Conglomerate) McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, brown, to blue-gray, illitic, chloritic, with many sandstones, fine- to coarse-grained, micaceous, quartzose, moderately to well-indurated, with "Secor coal" about 50 feet above base; thickness, 2,140 to 4,000 feet, increasing eastward.
Shale, clay, coal. Burgner Formation - limestone.
Sandstone and shale
Limestone, shale and siltstone. Limestone is dark gray to very light gray, yellowish gray, very thin bedded to massive bedded, and fossiliferous; locally the thin bedds are argillaceous other beds are oolitic and a few contain chert. Shale is medium gray, greenish gray, pale red, dark redish brown, black, sandy fossiliferous and calcareous; black shale in part is fissile. Siltstone is light gray to greenish yellow, massive, calcareous; locally sandy. Approx. max thickness 200 ft
TULSA- "Savanna Formation," shale and thin sandstone, limestone, and coal. FORT SMITH- IPsa "Savanna Formation," shale, sandstone, and coal ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone and shale, gray to brown, fine- to coarse-grained, cherty, with several thin coal seams near middle; thickness, 1,120 to 1,600 feet (Lower Franks Conglomerate) McALESTER TEXARKANA- Shale, tan to brown, illitic, chloritic, and sandstone, fine-to coarse-grained, micaceous, quartzose, with several thin coal seams in middle, one of which is "Cavanal coal;" thickness, 1,470 to 2,000 feet, increasing eastward.
St. Louis Limestone, Salem Formation, Warsaw Formation.
TULSA- Limestone and shale. (Mapped with the Labette Formation south of Bird Creek inTulsa County).
Calcareous shale and limestone
Includes Piney Creek Alluvium and younger deposits