Narragansett Pier Plutonic Suite - granite (Permian)
Narragansett Pier Plutonic Suite - granite - Dark-pink to pale-gray, medium-grained equigranular granite, with lesser granodiorite and quartz monzonite. Composed of microcline, oligoclase, quartz, and accessory biotite, magnetite, ilmenite, apatite, sphene, zircon, monazite, apatite, and allanite; muscovite and garnet locally present; secondary chlorite and calcite. Mainly massive, but locally exhibits faint flow foliation. Cut locally by abundant pegmatite, aplite, and composite aplite-pegmatite of mineralogy similar to the host granite. Unit is a 5 km by 40 km batholith that underlies the southern coast of RI. Intrusion during the latter part of Alleghanian deformation of the Narragansett Basin is indicated by its Permian age, rapid cooling, and field relations. The age of the Narragansett Pier is well constrained by several factors. Brown and others (1978) report a Pennsylvanian fossil contained in an inclusion in the pluton. Radiometric ages of 276 Ma by Kocis and others (1978), 272+/-4 Ma by Hermes and others (1981), and 273+/-2 Ma by Zartman and Hermes (1987) are consistently Early Permian. Structural studies by Mosher (1983) and Reck and Mosther (1988) indicate that intrusion began during the third period of deformation in the Narragansett Basin. Argon release patterns (Dallmeyer, 1982) indicate that the granite and intruded sediments had cooled below argon retention temperatures of hornblende by the Late Permian and of biotite by the Early Triassic. Intruded by the Westerly Granite, which has been radiometrically dated at 276+/-7 Ma. The two granites are probably genetically related based on similarities in age, mineralogy, and geochemistry (Hozik, 1992).
Scituate Igneous Suite - monzonite/monzodiorite (Devonian)
Scituate Igneous Suite - monzonite/monzodiorite - Dark-gray to pink, fine- to medium-grained, equigranular rock, containing plagioclase, microcline, quartz, and accessory biotite, garnet, zircon, apatite, allanite, and opaque minerals; secondary muscovite and epidote. Mainly foliated. Varieties include quartz monzonite, monzonite, and monzodiorite. Includes some rock mapped formerly as Cowesett Granite.