Erving Formation

Granofels and schist where mapped separately.
State Massachusetts
Name Erving Formation
Geologic age Lower Devonian
Lithologic constituents
Major
Metamorphic > Granulite
Minor
Metamorphic > Schist > Mica-schist
Comments Part of Connecticut Valley Belt (Silurian and Devonian Rocks). Secondary unit description per MA006 as reported in the USGS Geologic Names lexicon (ref. MA024): Erving Formation in its type area consists of gray, well-bedded fine-grained, quartz-plagioclase-biotite granulite with very thin to thick beds of muscovite-biotite schist. Second most abundant rock type is hornblende-andesine-epidote-sphene amphibolite; occurs west of Pelham dome, as well as in areas around Quabbin Hill, Wilbraham, Whately, and Leeds. Pink coticule granulite occurs within main granulite bodies, usually within 1 to 2 m of contact with amphibolite; common in type area, as well as near Leverett and near Quabbin Hill on shores of Quabbin Reservoir. Near base of formation in Wilbraham area, includes a unit of interlayered amphibolite and gray to rusty schist. In most areas, Erving is highest exposed unit, except in Wilbraham and Whately areas where it is overlain by Waits River and Gile Mountain Formations, respectively. Thicknesses vary from 200 to 900 m. Age is Devonian in this report (Hatch and others, 1988).
References
NGMDB product
Counties Franklin - Hampden - Hampshire