Gile Mountain Formation

Gray, slightly rusty, poorly bedded phyllite and schist containing 20 cm to 2 m beds of light-gray, fine-grained quartzite, local punky-brown weathering calcareous granofels or quartzose marble, and pods and stringers of vein quartz.
State Massachusetts
Name Gile Mountain Formation
Geologic age Lower Devonian
Lithologic constituents
Major
Metamorphic > Metasedimentary > Metaclastic > Phyllite
Metamorphic > Schist
Minor
Metamorphic > Metasedimentary > Metaclastic > Quartzitefine-grained quartzite; pods and stringers of vein quartz
Incidental
Metamorphic > Granoblastic > Granofelscalcareous granofels
Metamorphic > Metasedimentary > Metacarbonate > Marblequartzose marble
Comments Part of Connecticut Valley Belt (Silurian and Devonian Rocks). Secondary unit description per MA006 as reported in USGS Geologic Names lexicon (ref. MA024): Rocks mapped as Conway Schist by Emerson (1898, 1917) and subsequently subdivided by Segerstrom (1956) and Willard (1956) were mapped across the MA-VT State line as Waits River and Gile Mountain Formations by Doll and others (1961) on Centennial Geologic Map of Vermont. Although controversy still exists over relative ages, detailed reconnaissance mapping by authors and S.F. Clark, Jr., L.M. Hall, and J.W. Pferd shows that Waits River and Gile Mountain Formations are readily distinguished in the field. For these reasons, and to maintain continuity across the State line, authors chose to follow VT nomenclature here and on MA State bedrock geologic map (Zen and others, 1983). Primary difference between Waits River and Gile Mountain is presence in Gile Mountain of beds of noncalcareous, commonly micaceous quartzite. Both formations contain conspicuous beds of punky brown-weathering impure marble or calcareous granulite, mostly in Waits River and less abundant in Gile Mountain. Predominant lithology of both formations is typically contorted gray, graphitic, locally very sulfidic, moderately aluminous mica schist containing quartz veins. Gradational but definitely significant boundary can be mapped between both formations. Amphibolite in both formations may correlate with Standing Pond Volcanics occurring at or near Waits River-Gile Mountain contact in VT. Report goes into great detail regarding informal subdivision of each formation (Hatch and others, 1988).
References
NGMDB product
Counties Franklin - Hampshire