Monson Gneiss

Layered to massive biotite-plagioclase gneiss, amphibolite, microcline augen gneiss.
State Massachusetts
Name Monson Gneiss
Geologic age Ordovician, Cambrian, or Proterozoic Z
Lithologic constituents
Major
Metamorphic > Amphibolite
Metamorphic > Gneisslayered to massive biotite-plagioclase gneiss, microcline augen gneiss
Comments Part of Bronson Hill Zone (Ordovician and Older Rocks). Swanzey, Pauchaug, Monson, and Fourmile Gneisses represent metamorphosed intrusive igneous rocks and yield ages from 454 to 442+3/-2 Ma. Therefore, ages range from early Late through latest Ordovician. Authors suggest that they represent the plutonic root of a calc-alkaline magmatic arc at least 250 km long that was produced partly or entirely on a continental margin in the Late Ordovician. The overlying Ammonoosuc Volcanics and Partridge Formation, rather that resting unconformably on these plagioclase-rich plutonic gneiss, are now known to have had a magmatic history overlapping with them and are approximately the same age (Tucker and Robinson, 1990) per MA015.
References

Zen, E-An (ed.), Goldsmith, R. (comp.), Ratcliffe, N.M. (comp.), Robinson, P. (comp.), Stanley, R.S. (comp.), Hatch, N.L., Jr., Shride, A.F., Weed, E.G.A., and Wones, D.R., 1983, Bedrock Geologic Map of Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, scale 1: 250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70046713

Tucker, R.D. and Robinson, Peter, 1990, Age and setting of the Bronson Hill magmatic arc; a re-evaluation based on U-Pb zircon ages in southern New England: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 102, no. 10, p. 1404-1419.

NGMDB product
Counties Franklin - Hampden - Hampshire - Worcester