Clinton Group, including Rochester Shale

Gray, thin-bedded calcareous shale and dark gray, thin- to medium-bed7 ded lenticular limestone; thickness 25 to 40 feet; Keefer Sandstone - White to yellowish-gray, thick-bedded protoquartzite and orthoquartzite; calcareous to west; thickness 10 feet in west, increases to 35 feet in east; and Rose Hill Formation - Olive-gray to drab, thin-bedded shale; some purple shale and gray, thin-bedded sandstone; including Cresaptown Iron Sandstone Member - Purple, hematite-cemented, quartzose sandstone; thickness 5 to 30 feet; occurs in lower half of formation; total thickness 300 feet in east, increases to 570 feet in west.
State Maryland
Name Clinton Group, including Rochester Shale
Geologic age Silurian
Lithologic constituents
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale
Metamorphic > Metasedimentary > Metaclastic > Quartzite
Sedimentary > Carbonate > Limestone

Cleaves, E.T., Edwards, J., Jr., and Glaser, J.D., 1968, Geologic Map of Maryland: Maryland Geological Survey, Baltimore, Maryland, scale 1:250,000.

In 1995 the Water Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey digitized the geologic map of Maryland from the 1968 paper map (Reference MD001). Information about products from the Maryland Geological Survey can be found at

NGMDB product
Counties Allegany - Washington