Ellis Group: Swift, Rierdon, and Piper or Sawtooth Formations; not all formations present at all locations

Swift Formation (Jsw): Orangish brown, glauconitic, flaggy-bedded, commonly fossiliferous, fine-grained sandstone or sandy coquina with subordinate dark gray shale interbeds; chert pebbles common. In west-central and northwestern Montana, a dark gray, noncalcareous, micaceous shale forms the lower part of the formation, commonly with a basal chert-pebble conglomerate or conglomeratic sandstone as much as 3 m (10 ft) thick. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 70 m (230 ft). Rierdon Formation (Jr): Gray, locally fossiliferous limestone that may contain floating grains of quartz sand, interbedded with greenish gray limy shale. Lagoonal and marine shelf. Thickness as much as 105 m (344 ft). Sawtooth Formation: Western Montana: dark gray, platy to shaly, dense limestone with local basal conglomerate. Central Montana: upper calcareous siltstone, middle dark gray shale with thin limestone interbeds, and lower fine-grained sandstone. Three local members Bowes, Firemoon, and Tampico, in descending order. Bowes Member: dark gray to medium gray, calcareous mudstone, limestone, and quartzose sandstone. Firemoon Member: dark to medium gray, limestone and calcareous mudstone. Tampico Member: very light gray, well-sorted quartz sandstone and siltstone, and chert-pebble conglomerate. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 205 m (673 ft). Piper Formation (Jp): Upper part: red mudstone and gypsum; middle part: gray shale, limestone, and dolomite; lower part: red mudstone and gypsum. Marine and restricted coastal evaporite basins. Thickness as much as 75 m (246 ft).
State Montana
Name Ellis Group: Swift, Rierdon, and Piper or Sawtooth Formations; not all formations present at all locations
Geologic age Jurassic
Lithologic constituents
Major
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone (Bed, Glauconitic)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale (Bed)
Sedimentary > Carbonate > Limestone (Bed)
Minor
Sedimentary > Clastic > Conglomerate (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone (Bed, Calcareous)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Siltstone (Bed, Calcareous)
Sedimentary > Carbonate > Dolostone (Bed)
Sedimentary > Chemical > Evaporite > Gypsum (Bed)
Incidental
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mixed-clastic > Conglomerate-sandstone (Bed)
Sedimentary > Chemical > Chert (Bed)
Sedimentary > Carbonate > Limestone > Coquina (Bed)sandy coquina
References

Vuke, S.M., Porter, K.W., Lonn, J.D., and Lopez, D.A., 2007, Geologic Map of Montana - Compact Disc: Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology: Geologic Map 62-C, 73 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:500,000. This map was digitized in 2012 as a result of a contract between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology.

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