Eagle through Belle Fourche Formation: Eagle, Telegraph Creek, Niobrara, Carlile, Greenhorn, and Belle Fourche Formations

Eagle Formation (Ke): Gray or grayish brown, thick-bedded sandstone, sandy shale, and thin interbedded coal. Chert-pebble lag deposit common at top of formation. Virgelle Member (lower part of formation in parts of central Montana): very light gray, gray, or brown sandstone that coarsens upward. Root zone and thin carbonaceous beds at top of member. Delta, coastal plain, tidal flat, and marine shoreface and foreshore. Thickness as much as 150 m (492 ft). Telegraph Creek Formation (Ktc): Thin interbeds of yellowish brown sandstone or siltstone and gray shale. Marine shoreface and offshore. Thickness as much as 200 m (656 ft). Niobrara Formation (Kn): Gray to dark gray shale with numerous thin bentonite beds. Chalky aggregates of coccoliths and rhabdoliths in upper part. MacGowan Concretionary Bed (middle part of formation): grayish brown concretionary dolostone and limestone with phosphatic pellets and gray to black chert pebbles. Marine. Lower part noncalcareous. Thickness as much as 9–23 m (30–75 ft). Carlile Formation (Kca): Dark to light gray, noncalcareous, partly silty or sandy shale with upper zone of white-weathering, calcareous concretions, middle zone of sandy, orange-weathering, calcareous concretions, and basal zone of ferruginous concretions. Marine. Thickness as much as 195 m (640 ft). Greenhorn Formation (Kgr): Gray to light gray calcareous shale and shaly marl with thin beds of limestone. Shale contains white to pink calcareous specks. Marine. Thickness as much as 100 m (30–75 ft). Belle Fourche Formation (Kbf): Gray to black shale with ironstone concretions and numerous bentonite beds. Mosby Sandstone Member (upper part of formation in north- and east-central Montana): brown sandstone locally with chert pebbles, interbedded with gray shale. Big Elk Sandstone Member (lower part of formation in southwest-central Montana): light gray, chert-rich sandstone commonly stained dark red, interbedded with thin, dark gray to black clayey shale. Marine shelf. Thickness as much as 260 m (853 ft).
State Montana
Name Eagle through Belle Fourche Formation: Eagle, Telegraph Creek, Niobrara, Carlile, Greenhorn, and Belle Fourche Formations
Geologic age Cretaceous
Lithologic constituents
Major
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale (Bed, Calcareous)
Sedimentary > Carbonate > Limestone (Bed)
Minor
Sedimentary > Clastic > Siltstone (Bed)
Sedimentary > Carbonate > Dolostone (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mixed-clastic > Sandstone-mudstone (Bed)sandy shale
Incidental
Sedimentary > Carbonate > Limestone > Chalk (Bed)Chalky aggregates of coccoliths and rhabdoliths
Unconsolidated > Coarse-detritalChert-pebble lag deposit common at top of formation
Sedimentary > Coal (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Claystone > Bentonite (Bed)
Sedimentary > Carbonate (Bed)thin carbonaceous beds at top of member
Sedimentary > Chemical > Chert (Bed)Chert-pebble lag deposit common at top of formation; gray to black chert pebbles; chert-rich sandstone
Sedimentary > Chemical > Phosphorite (Bed)grayish brown concretionary dolostone and limestone with phosphatic pellets
References

Vuke, S.M., Porter, K.W., Lonn, J.D., and Lopez, D.A., 2007, Geologic Map of Montana - Compact Disc: Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology: Geologic Map 62-C, 73 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:500,000. This map was digitized in 2012 as a result of a contract between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology.

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Counties Phillips