Frontier and Blackleaf Formations

Frontier Formation (Kf): Western Montana: gray, fine- to medium-grained, locally conglomeratic sandstone with interbeds of dark gray carbonaceous shale. Local conglomerate, porcellanite, and coal. Central Montana: dark gray, carbonaceous shale interbedded with siltstone and sandstone, chert-pebble conglomerate, and coal. Big Elk Sandstone Member: light gray, chert-rich sandstone commonly stained dark red, interbedded with thin, dark gray to black, clayey shale. Boulder River Sandstone Member: gray to greenish gray, very fine-grained to conglomeratic, glauconitic sandstone. Brackish to nonmarine. Thickness exceeds 2,135 m (7,005 ft) in Lima Peaks region, and exceeds 915m in the Greenhorn, Snowcrest, Gravelly, and Pioneer Mountains of southwestern Montana. Elsewhere thickness as much as 215 m (705 ft). Blackleaf Formation (Kbl) - Bootlegger Member (Kbb): Dark gray shale interbedded with sandstone, siltstone, and bentonite beds. Marine. Thickness as much as 100 m (328 ft). Vaughn Member (Kbv): Black carbonaceous shale, light gray, greenish to pinkish bentonitic to tuffaceous siltstone and porcellanite, tuffaceous, arkosic sandstone, thin coal; conglomerate beds in western Montana. Fluvial and coastal delta plain. Thickness as much as 200 m (656 ft). Taft Hill Member (Kbt): Black shale, gray bentonitic siltstone, and glauconitic sandstone. Marine. Thickness as much as 180 m (590 ft). Flood Member (Kblf): Upper part: medium gray, cliff-forming fine- to medium-grained chert-rich, quartzose sandstone, middle part medium to dark gray shale or gray siltstone; lower part: yellowish brown, gray, or olive gray fine-grained sandstone and siltstone with carbonaceous laminae and thin films of coal and dark gray silty, bentonitic shale. Sandstone beds thin eastward. Quartzose basal sandstone in southwestern Montana. Nearshore marine, tidal flat, and lagoon. Thickness as much as 230 m (755 ft).
State Montana
Name Frontier and Blackleaf Formations
Geologic age Cretaceous
Lithologic constituents
Sedimentary > Clastic > Siltstone (Bed, Tuffaceous)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale (Bed, Carbonaceous)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone (Glauconitic, Tuffaceous, Arkosic)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mixed-clastic > Conglomerate-sandstone (Bed, Glauconitic)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Conglomerate (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale > Black-shale (Bed, Carbonaceous)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mixed-clastic > Siltstone-mudstone (Bed)silty shale
Sedimentary > Coal (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Claystone > Bentonite (Bed)
Sedimentary > Chemical > Chert (Bed)

Vuke, S.M., Porter, K.W., Lonn, J.D., and Lopez, D.A., 2007, Geologic Map of Montana - Compact Disc: Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology: Geologic Map 62-C, 73 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:500,000. This map was digitized in 2012 as a result of a contract between the U.S. Geological Survey and the Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology.

NGMDB product
Counties Beaverhead - Deer Lodge - Madison - Silver Bow