Kanouse and Esopus Formations and Connelly Conglomerate, undivided

Kanouse Sandstone (Kmmel, 1908) - Medium-gray, light-brown, and grayish-red, fine- to coarse-grained, thin- to thick-bedded sparsely fossiliferous sandstone and pebble conglomerate. Basal conglomerate beds are interbedded with siltstone similar to the upper part of the Esopus Formation and contain well-sorted, subangular to subrounded, gray and white quartz pebbles less than 1 cm (0.4 in.) long. Lower contact gradational. About 14 m (46 ft) thick. Esopus Formation - (Vanuxem, 1842; Boucot, 1959) - Light- to dark-gray, laminated to thin-bedded siltstone interbedded with dark-gray to black mudstone, dusky-blue sandstone and siltstone, and yellowish-gray fossiliferous siltstone and sandstone. Lower contact probably conformable with the Connelly Conglomerate. The formation is about 100 m (330 ft) thick at Greenwood Lake and estimated at 55 m (180 ft) thick in Longwood Valley. Connelly Conglomerate (Chadwick, 1908) - Grayish-orange weathering, very light gray to yellowish-gray, thin-bedded quartz-pebble conglomerate. Quartz pebbles average 1 to 2 cm (0.4-0.8 in.), are subrounded to well rounded, and well sorted. The unit unconformably overlies the Berkshire Valley Formation. About 11 m (36 ft) thick.
State New Jersey
Name Kanouse and Esopus Formations and Connelly Conglomerate, undivided
Geologic age Lower Devonian
Lithologic constituents
Major
Sedimentary > Clastic > Siltstone (Bed)Kanouse Sandstone - interbedded with siltstone similar to the upper part of the Esopus Formation. Esopus Formation - light- to dark-gray, laminated to thin-bedded siltstone and yellowish-gray fossiliferous siltstone.
Minor
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone (Bed)Kanouse Sandstone - Medium-gray, light-brown, and grayish-red, fine- to coarse-grained, thin- to thick-bedded sparsely fossiliferous sandstone. Esopus Formation - dusky-blue sandstone, yellowish-gray fossiliferous sandstone.
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone (Bed)Esopus Formation - interbedded with dark-gray to black mudstone.
Incidental
Sedimentary > Clastic > Conglomerate (Bed)Kanouse Sandstone - pebble conglomerate, similar to the upper part of the Esopus Formation and contain well-sorted, subangular to subrounded, gray and white quartz pebbles less than 1 cm (0.4 in.) long. Connelly Conglomerate - Grayish-orange weathering, very light gray to yellowish-gray, thin-bedded quartz-pebble conglomerate. Quartz pebbles average 1 to 2 cm (0.4-0.8 in.), are subrounded to well rounded, and well sorted.
References

Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00-1; ARC/INFO (v. 7.1), scale 1:100,000.

Drake, Avery A. Jr.,Volkert, Richard, A., Monteverde, Donald H., Herman, Gregory C., Houghton,Hugh F., Parker, Ronald A., and Dalton, Richard F., 1996, Bedrock Geologic Map of Northern New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellanenous Investigations Map I-2540-A, 4 cross sections, 2 sheets, size 56x40; 58x41, scale 1:100.000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i2540A

Kmmel, H.B., 1908, Paleozoic sedimentary rocks of the Franklin Furnace quadrangle, New Jersey: in Spencer, A.C., Kmmel, H.B., Salisbury, R.D., Wolff, J.E., and Palache, Charles, Description of the Franklin Furnace quadrangle, New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Atlas Folio 161, p. 10-12.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/gf161

Vanuxem, Lardner, 1842, Geology of New York, part III, comprising the survey of the third geological district: Albany, N.Y., 306 p.

Boucot, A.J., 1959, Brachiopods of the Lower Devonian rocks at Highland Mills, New York: Journal Paleontology, v.33, no. 5, p. 727-769.

Chadwick, G.H., 1908, Revision of "the New York series": Science, new series, v.28, p. 346-348.

NGMDB product
Counties Morris - Passaic