Foreland Basin Assemblage - Shale, siltstone, sandstone, and conglomerate

Unit crops out across all of eastern Nevada, generally east of 116 west longitude, and somewhat farther west in the southern half of the State. It includes rocks mapped as the Chainman Shale in Elko, northern Nye, and Lincoln Counties; the Diamond Peak Formation in northern Nye, Elko, Eureka, and White Pine Counties; the Scotty Wash Quartzite in Lincoln County; the upper part of the Eleana Formation in Nye County; and undivided sedimentary rocks in Eureka and Lincoln Counties. Clastic and carbonate rocks mapped in Elko County, including undivided Moleen and Tomera Formations (the Tomera Formation includes Middle Pennsylvanian rocks) are also grouped here. Most of these rocks are Upper Mississippian and Lower Pennsylvanian in age, but unit IPMcl also includes Lower Mississippian rocks, overlapping with unit MDcl where they have not been clearly distinguished. In places the Chainman Shale is time transgressive into the Diamond Peak Formation, and in other places they represent different coeval facies, based on limited biostratigraphic data. Where possible, younger siliciclastic rocks have been separated from the older sequence that includes the Pilot Shale and Joana Limestone because of significant differences in the character of the rocks. Unit IPMcl is overlain conformably or disconformably in the eastern part of its exposure by carbonate rocks of units PIPc and (or) IPMbc. In the northern and western parts of its exposure it is overlain unconformably by Permian and Upper Pennsylvanian clastic rocks of the Siliciclastic overlap assemblage (Pacl or PIPacl). Assignment of siliciclastic Pennsylvanian units to either unit IPMcl or the unconformably overlying PIPacl is challenging unless biostratigraphic data are available and outcrop observations reveal the presence of the unconformity such as in Carlin Canyon (Dott, 1955). Unit IPMcl lies either conformably or disconformably above unit MDcl.
State Nevada
Name Foreland Basin Assemblage - Shale, siltstone, sandstone, and conglomerate
Geologic age Middle Pennsylvanian to Lower Mississippian
Lithologic constituents
Major
Sedimentary > Clastic > Siltstone (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale (Bed)
Minor
Sedimentary > Clastic > Conglomerate (Bed)
Metamorphic > Metasedimentary > Metaclastic > QuartziteScotty Wash Quartzite in Lincoln County
References
NGMDB product
Counties Clark - Elko - Esmeralda - Eureka - Lincoln - Nye - White Pine