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Undifferentiated Medina Group and Queenston Formation

Undifferentiated Medina Group and Queenston Formation - Grimsby Formation-sandstones, shale; and Queenston Formation-siltstone, shale.
State New York
Name Undifferentiated Medina Group and Queenston Formation
Geologic age Upper Ordovician - Lower Silurian
Comments Medina Group and Queenston Formation up to 100 ft. (30 m). Secondary unit descriptions from USGS website (ref. NY046) and references NY018 and NY019: The Medina Group in NY is revised to include (ascending) the Whirlpool Sandstone, Power Glen Shale, Devils Hole Sandstone (new name), Grimsby Formation, Thorold Sandstone, Cambria Shale (new name), and Kodak Sandstone. The interval containing the Thorold, Cambria, and Kodak has previously been assigned to the overlying Clinton Group. The term Medina replaces the Albion Group used previously in NY. The Medina consists of 80 to 115 ft of white, green, red, barren to moderately fossiliferous sandstone, siltstone, and shale. Unconformably overlies the Ordovician Queenston Shale and unconformably underlies the Clinton Group. The upper contact of the Medina was formerly placed by Rickard (1975) at the top of the Grimsby Formation; it is here revised as the top of the Kodak Sandstone. The Medina is of Early Silurian (Llandoverian) age. [This report uses the Early and Late Silurian time scale of Harland and others (1982).] (Brett and others, 1995). The Grimsby Formation of the Medina Group is revised to include the uppermost beds formerly (Rickard, 1975) included in the Power Glen Shale. The lowest beds of the revised Grimsby are named the Artpark Phosphate Bed. The Grimsby consists of interbedded red and green sandstone, siltstone, and shale, and tends to be more argillaceous toward the base. The matrix of the Artpark Phosphate Bed and the basal 5 to 10 ft of the Grimsby is typically intensely burrowed greenish-gray and maroon shale. Fossils are common in the basal beds and include pelecypods, cephalopods, ostracodes, bryozoans, and brachiopods. The remainder of the Grimsby consists of red and white mottled, fine- to medium-grained sandstone and conglomerate interbedded with shale. The ratio of sandstone to shale increases upward to the contact with the overlying Thorold Sandstone. Thickness is 56 to 72 ft. Overlies the Devils Hole Sandstone with a sharp contact, underlies the Thorold Sandstone with a sharp contact. Unit can be traced from Rochester, NY, to Hamilton, Ont, CAN. The Grimsby is of Early Silurian age, probably early Llandoverian based on correlation with the Brassfield Limestone of the Midcontinent (Brett and others, 1995). In cross section E-E', in the subsurface of central to eastern OH, Queenston Shale is used for silty red shale equivalent to the Juniata Formation in WV. Age is Late Ordovician (Richmondian) based on stratigraphic position and fossils in equivalent strata in OH and KY (Ryder, 1992).
Primary rock type shale
Secondary rock type sandstone
Other rock types siltstone; conglomerate; chemical
Lithologic constituents
Major
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale
Minor
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone
Sedimentary > Clastic > Siltstone
Incidental
Sedimentary > Clastic > Conglomerate
Sedimentary > Chemical > Phosphoritebase of Grimby Formation
Map references
NYS Museum, NYS Geological Survey, NYS Museum Technology Center, 1999, 1:250,000 Bedrock geology of NYS, data is distributed in ARC/INFOr EXPORT format (with ".e00" extension) in 5 seperate files based on printed map sheets, http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/gis.html.
Unit references
D. W. Fisher; Y. W. Isachsen, L. V. Rickard, 1970, Geologic Map of New York State, consisting of 5 sheets: Niagara, Finger Lakes, Hudson-Mohawk, Adirondack, and Lower Hudson, New York State Museum and Science Service, Map and Chart Series No. 15, scale 1:250000.
Brett, C.E., Tepper, D.H., Goodman, W.M., LoDuca, S.T. and Eckert, Bea-Yeh, 1995, Revised stratigraphy and correlations of the Niagaran Provincial Series (Medina, Clinton, and Lockport Groups) in the type area of western New York: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 2086, 66 p., Prepared in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the University of Rochester, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences.
Ryder, R.T., 1992, Stratigraphic framework of Cambrian and Ordovician rocks in the central Appalachian basin from Morrow County, Ohio, to Pendleton County, West Virginia, IN Evolution of sedimentary basins; Appalachian basin: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1839-G, p. G1-G25.
USGS Geologic Names Lexicon (GEOLEX)
Counties Lewis - Oneida - Oswego - Wayne