Waynesville and Arnheim Formations, Undivided

Waynesville Formation, shale (70%) and limestone (30%) interbedded; gray to bluish gray weathers light gray; planar to irregular, thin to thick bedded; 90 to 120 feet thick. Arnheim formation, shale (60%) and limestone (40%) interbedded; gray to bluish gray weathers light gray; planar, wavy, irregular, to nodular (in upper portion), thin to thick bedded; 50 to 100 feet thick. Contains multiple sedimentary cycles consisting of the alternation of shale and limestone displaying planar to irregular bedding with limestone and shale exhibiting wavy to nodular bedding. Ranges from 140 to 220 feet. The Geological Survey of Ohio recognizes the Cincinnati Group proposed by Meek and Worthen (1865), but at this time retains it as an informal term. The unit will be formally reinstated as a lithostratigraphic term after revision of its lower boundary and minor lithologic redescription of its units are completed. The ten formations included in the group are the (ascending) Clays Ferry Formation, the Kope Formation, the Fairview Formation, the Miamitown Shale, the Grant Lake Limestone, the Arnheim Formation, the Waynesville Formation, the Liberty Formation, the Whitewater Formation, and the Drakes Formation. Six members have been identified in the course of field mapping: the Point Pleasant Tongue of the Clays Ferry, the informal Bellevue, Corryville, Mount Auburn, and Straight Creek members of the Grant Lake Limestone, and the Preachersville Member of the Drakes Formation. The Backbone Creek and Elk Creek beds are recognized as excellent stratigraphic marker beds (Shrake and others, 1988).
State Ohio
Name Waynesville and Arnheim Formations, Undivided
Geologic age Ordovician
Lithologic constituents
Major
Sedimentary > Carbonate > Limestone (Bed)Waynesville: shale(70%) and limestone(30%) interbedded; gray to bluish gray weathers light gray; planar to irregular, thin to thick bedded; 90 to 120 feet thick. Arnheim formation, shale(60%) and limestone(40%) interbedded; gray to bluish gray weathers light gray; planar, wavy, irregular, to nodular (in upper portion), thin to thick bedded; 50 to 100 feet thick. Contains multiple sedimentary cycles consisting of the alternation of shale and limestone displaying planar to irregular bedding with limestone and shale exhibiting wavy to nodular bedding. Ranges from 140 to 220 feet.
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale (Bed)Waynesville: shale(70%) and limestone(30%) interbedded; gray to bluish gray weathers light gray; planar to irregular, thin to thick bedded; 90 to 120 feet thick. Arnheim formation, shale(60%) and limestone(40%) interbedded; gray to bluish gray weathers light gray; planar, wavy, irregular, to nodular (in upper portion), thin to thick bedded; 50 to 100 feet thick. Contains multiple sedimentary cycles consisting of the alternation of shale and limestone displaying planar to irregular bedding with limestone and shale exhibiting wavy to nodular bedding. Ranges from 140 to 220 feet.
Comments Secondary unit description from USGS Lexicon website (ref. OH017) and OH011.
References

Slucher, E.R., (principal compiler), Swinford, E.M., Larsen, G.E., and others, with GIS production and cartography by Powers, D.M., 2006, Bedrock geologic map of Ohio: Ohio Division of Geological Survey Map BG-1, version 6.0, scale 1:500,000.

Frey, R.C., 1995, Middle and Upper Ordovician nautiloid cephalopods of the Cincinnati arch region of Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio, IN Pojeta, John, Jr., ed., Contributions to the Ordovician paleontology of Kentucky and nearby states: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1066-P, p. P1-P126.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp1066P

Shrake, D.L., Schumacher, G.A. and Swinford, E.M., 1988, Field guidebook to the stratigraphy, sedimentology, and paleontology of the Upper Ordovician Cincinnati Group of southwest Ohio: Ohio Division of Geological Survey, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, 5th Midyear Meeting, 81 p.

USGS Geologic Names lexicon found at: http://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Geolex/

https://ngmdb.usgs.gov/Geolex/search

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