Bison Formation or Bison Shale

WOODWARD- "Bison Formation"- Mostly orange-brown to greenish-gray fine-grained sandstone. Thickness ranges up to 120 feet. ENID- "Bison Formation"-Mainly red-brown shale and greenish-gray and orange-brown calcitic siltstone with minor sandstone in Garfield County. Thickness, about 120 feet (35 m). (Hennessey Group). CLINTON- "Bison Formation," Pbi, is exposed as orange-brown and greenish-gray, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone. The Bison is gradational southward into reddish-brown shale; it thins southward and is about 120 feet thick. OKLAHOMA CITY- "Bison Formation"-Mostly red-brown shale; grades northward into many thin greenish-gray calcitic siltstones and some orange-brown fine-grained sandstones and siltstones. "Reeding Sandstone Bed" at base. Thickness ranges from 95 feet in south to 120 feet in north. (Hennessey Group). ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Bison Shale"-Shale, gray to red-brown, calcareous, blocky; thickness, 50 to 90 feet, decreasing southward. (Hennessey Group).
State Oklahoma
Name Bison Formation or Bison Shale
Geologic age Early Permian
Lithologic constituents
Major
Sedimentary > Clastic > Siltstone (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale (Bed)
References

Heran, W.D., Green, G. and Stoeser, D.B., 2003, A Digital Geologic Map Database of Oklahoma: USGS Open File Report 03-247, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr03247

Morton, R.B., 1980, Reconnaissance of the water resources of the Woodward quadrangle, northwestern Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geological Survey, Hydrologic Atlas 8, scale 1:250,000, 4 sheets. (Geology on sheet 1 compiled by R.B. Morton, 1973, and R.O. Fay, 1977.)

Cederstrand, J.R., 1996l, Digital geologic map of Woodward quadrangles, northwestern Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-381,(2 diskettes), URL address is: http://ok.water.usgs.gov/gis/geology

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr96381

Bingham, R.H. and Bergman, D.L., 1980, Reconnaissance of the water resources of the Enid quadrangle, north-central Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geological Survey, Hydrologic Atlas 7, sale 1:250,000, 4 sheets. (Geology on sheet 1 compiled by R.H. Bingham, and R.O. Fay, 1973.)

Cederstrand, J.R., 1996e, Digital geologic map of Enid quadrangles, north-central Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-374, (4 diskettes), URL address is: http://ok.water.usgs.gov/gis/geology

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr96374

Carr, J.E. and Bergman, D.L., 1976, Reconnaissance of the water resources of the Clinton quadrangle, west-central Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geological Survey, Hydrologic Atlas 5, scale 1:250,000, 4 sheets. (Geology on sheet 1 compiled by J.E. Carr, 1972, and R.O. Fay, 1975.)

Cederstrand, J.R., 1996d, Digital geologic map of Clinton quadrangles, west-central Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-373, (2 diskettes), URL address is: http://ok.water.usgs.gov/gis/geology

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr96373

Bingham, R.H. and Moore, R.L., 1975, Reconnaissance of the Water Resources of the Oklahoma City quadrangle, central Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geological Survey, Hydrologic Atlas 4, Scale 1:250,000, 4 sheets. (Geology on sheet 1 compiled by R.H. Bingham and R.O. Fay, 1973.)

Cederstrand, J.R., 1996i, Digital geologic map of Oklahoma City quadrangles, central Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-378, (2 diskettes), URL address is: http://ok.water.usgs.gov/gis/geology

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr96378

Hart, D.L., 1974, Reconnaissance of the water resources of the Ardmore and Sherman quadrangles, southern Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geological Survey, Hydrologic Atlas 3, scale 1:250,000, 4 sheets. (Geology on sheet 1 compiled by D.L. Hart, and R.O. Fay, in 1970.)

Cederstrand, J.R., 1996a, Digital geologic map of Ardmore-Sherman quadrangles, south-central Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-370, (3 diskettes), URL address is: http://ok.water.usgs.gov/gis/geology

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr96370

NGMDB product
Counties Alfalfa - Canadian - Cleveland - Garfield - Garvin - Grady - Grant - Kingfisher - McClain - Major - Oklahoma - Stephens - Woods