Whitehorse Group

CLINTON- Predominantly orange-brown, fine-grained sandstone, the "Whitehorse Group" is mapped as Pwh where separate formations have not been distinguished and as the "Rush Springs Formation" and the "Marlow Formation" where identified. "Rush Springs Formation," Pr, orange-brown, cross-bedded, fine-grained sandstone with some dolomite and gypsum beds. Thickness, about 300 feet, thinning northward to about 186 feet. The "Weatherford Gypsum Bed," Prw, is about 30 to 60 feet below the top (mapped in southeastern part only). "Marlow Formation," Pm, orange-brown, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone, about 100 to 130 feet thick, thinning northward. This formation has 2 gypsum and (or) dolomite beds in upper 20 feet--the "Emanuel Bed" (at top) and the "Relay Creek Bed" (20 feet below top). Two thin, pale shales occur; the first is 1 foot below the top ("Gracemont") and the second is 55 feet above the base (unnamed). The "Verden Sandstone Lentil," Pmv, is a coarse-grained, calcareous, fossiliferous sandstone (2 to 10 feet thick) that occurs in the middle of the Marlow, about 25 feet below the Relay Creek Bed and 85 to 95 feet above the base. LAWTON- Predominantly orange-brown, fine-grained sandstone, the "Whitehorse Group" is mapped as Pwh where separate formations have not been distinguished and as the "Rush Springs Formation" and the "Marlow Formation" where identified. "Whitehorse Group undifferentiated," Pwh, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone as much as 100 feet (30 m) thick in western part of quadrangle, interbedded with gypsum beds 3 to 10 feet (1 to 3 m) thick.
State Oklahoma
Name Whitehorse Group
Geologic age Early Permian
Lithologic constituents
Major
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Siltstone (Bed)
Minor
Sedimentary > Chemical > Evaporite > Gypsum (Bed)
Sedimentary > Carbonate > Dolostone (Bed)
Incidental
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale (Bed)
Comments Named for Whitehorse Springs, Woods Co, OK, Anadarko basin. (Gould,1905) Weathers to form conspicuous buttes and mesas. Outcrops over a large area. Occupies a continuous exposure across the axis of the basin. From Fort Cobb and Anadarko (Caddo Co) southeast to head of Anadarko basin, Whitehorse averages 15 mi in width. From these towns northward 50 mi width averages 25 mi. S.Oklahoma folded belt province.
References

Heran, W.D., Green, G. and Stoeser, D.B., 2003, A Digital Geologic Map Database of Oklahoma: USGS Open File Report 03-247, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr03247

Carr, J.E. and Bergman, D.L., 1976, Reconnaissance of the water resources of the Clinton quadrangle, west-central Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geological Survey, Hydrologic Atlas 5, scale 1:250,000, 4 sheets. (Geology on sheet 1 compiled by J.E. Carr, 1972, and R.O. Fay, 1975.)

Cederstrand, J.R., 1996d, Digital geologic map of Clinton quadrangles, west-central Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-373, (2 diskettes), URL address is: http://ok.water.usgs.gov/gis/geology

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr96373

Havens, J.S., 1977, Reconnaissance of the water resources of the Lawton quadrangle, southwestern Oklahoma: Oklahoma Geological Survey, Hydrologic Atlas 6, scale 1:250,000, 4 sheets. (Geology on sheet 1 compiled by R.O. Fay, 1967-68 and J.S. Havens, 1973.)

Cederstrand, J.R., 1996g, Digital geologic map of Lawton quadrangles, southwestern Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-376, (3 diskettes), URL address is: http://ok.water.usgs.gov/gis/geology

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr96376

Gould, C.N., 1905, Geology and water resources of Oklahoma: [Monograph] U. S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper, Report: W 0148, 178 pp.

NGMDB product
Counties Beckham - Greer - Harmon