Basalt

Thin flows and minor flow breccia of open--textured (diktytaxitic) olivine basalt in southeastern part of map area. Locally contains thin interbeds of sedimentary rocks. Grades laterally through palagonite tuff and breccia into sedimentary rocks (unit QTs)
State Oregon
Name Basalt
Geologic age Pliocene to Pleistocene
Lithologic constituents
Major
Igneous > Volcanic > Mafic-volcanic > Basalt (Flow, Pyroclastic)Also contains basaltic andesite
Incidental
Sedimentary > Clastic (Bed)
References

Walker, G.W. and MacLeod, N.S., 1991, Geologic map of Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey, scale 1:500,000.

Walker, G.W. and Repenning, C.A., 1966, Geologic map of the west half of the Jordan Valley quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-457, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i457

Greene, R.C., Walker, G.W., and Corcoran, R.E., 1972, Geologic map of the Burns quadrangle, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-680, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i680

Walker, G.W. and Repenning, C.A., 1965, Geologic map of Adel quadrangle, Lake, Harney, and Malheur Counties, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-446, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i446

Ferns, M.L., Evans, J.G., and Cummings, M.L., 1993a, Geologic map of the Mahogany Mountain 30 x 60 minute quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-78, scale 1:100,000.

Ferns, M.L., Brooks, H.C., Evans, J.G., and Cummings, M.L., 1993b, Geologic map of the Vale 30 x 60 minute quadrangle, Malheur County Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-77, scale 1:100,000.

Brown, C.E. and Thayer, T.P., 1966, Geologic map of the Canyon City quadrangle, northeastern Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-447, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i447

Fiebelkorn, R.B., Walker, G.W., Macleod, N.S., McKee, E.H., and Smith, J.G., 1983, Index to K-Ar determinations for the State of Oregon: Isochron/West, no. 37, p. 3-60.

Kittleman, L.R., Green, A.R., Hagood, A.R., Johnson, A.M., McMurray, J.M., Russell, R.G., and Weeden, D.A., 1965, Cenozoic stratigraphy of the Owyhee region, southeastern Oregon: Eugene, University of Oregon Museum of Natural History Bulletin 1, 45 p.

Kittleman, L.R., Green, A.R., Haddock, G.H., Hagood, A.R., Johnson, A.M., McMurray, J.M., Russell, R.G., and Weeden, D.A., 1967, Geologic map of the Owyhee region, Malheur County, Oregon: Eugene, University of Oregon Museum of Natural History Bulletion 8, scale 1:125,000.

Baksi, A.K., York, D., and Watkins, N.D., 1967, Age of Steens Mountain geomagnetic polarity transition: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 72, p. 6,299-6,308.

Bottomly, R.J. and York, Derek, 1976, 40Ar/39Ar age determinations on the Owyhee Basalt of the Columbia Plateau: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 31, p. 75-84.

Swanson, D.A., Wright, T.L., Hooper, P.R., and Bentley, R.D., 1979, Revisions in stratigraphic nomenclatire of the Columbia River Basalt Group: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin1457-G, p. G1-G59.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/b1457G

Walker, G.W., 1977, Geologic map of Oregon east of the 121st meridian: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-902, scale 1:500,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i902

Walker, G.W., Peterson, N.V., and Greene, R.C., 1967, Reconnaissance geologic map of the east half of the Crescent quadrangle, Lake, Deschutes, and Crook Counties, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-493, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i493

Evans, J.G., 1990a, Geology and mineral resources map of the Jonesboro Quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geologic Map Series GMS-66, scale 1:24,000.

Evans, J.G., 1990b, Geology and mineral resources map of the South Mountain quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geologic Map Series GMS-67, scale 1:24,000.

Bryan, K., 1929, Geology of reservoir and dam sites, with a report on the Owyhee Irrigation Project, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 597-A, 72 p.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/wsp597A

Ferns, M.L., 1989, Geology and mineral resources map of the Owyhee Dam quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-55, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L., 1988, Geology and mineral resources map of the Owyhee Ridge quadrangle. Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-53, scale 1:24,000.

Swisher, C.C., Ach, J.A., and Hart, W.K., 1990, Laser fusion 40Ar/39Ar dating of the type Steens Mountain Basalt, southeastern Oregon, and the age of the Steens aeromagnetic polarity transition [abs.]: EOS, Transactions of American Geophysical Union, v. 17, no. 43, p. 1,296.

Ferns, M.L. and Cummings, M.L., 1992, Geology and mineral resources map of The Elbow quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-62, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and O'Brien, J.P., 1992, Geology and mineral resources map of the Harper quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-69, scale 1:24,000.

Brooks, H.C. and O'Brien, J.P., 1992, Geology and mineral resources map of the Harper quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-71, scale 1:24,000.

Cummings, M.L., 1991, Relations among volcaniclastic sedimentation, volcanism, faulting, and hydrothermal activity east of Lake Owyhee, Malheur County, Oregon, in Rains, G., Lisle, R.E, Schafer, R.W., and Wilkinson, W.M., eds., Geology and ore deposits of the Great Basin, Symposium Proceedings: Geological Society of Nevada, v. 1, p. 111-132.

Cummings, M.L., 1991, Geology of the Deer Butte Formation, Malheur County, Oregon: faulting, sedimentation, and volcanism in a post-caldera setting: Sedimentary Geology, v. 74, p. 345-362.

Watkins, N.D. and and Baksi, A.K., 1974, Magnetostratigraphy and oroclinal folding of the Columbia River, Steens, and Owyhee Basalts in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho: American Journal of Science, v.274, no. 2, p. 148-189.

Hart,W.K., 1982, Chemical, geochronologic, and isotopic significance of low-K, high-alumina olivine tholeiite in the northwestern Great Basin, U.S.A.: Cleveland, Ohio, Case Western Reserve University, Ph.D. dissertation, 410 p.

Barrash, Warren, Bond, J.G., Kauffmann, J.D., and Venkatakrishnan, Ramesh, 1980, Geology of the La Grande area, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Special Paper 6, 67 p., 4 maps, scale 1:24,000.

Evans, J.G., 1996, Geologic map of the Monument Peak quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-2317, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf2317

Evans, J.G. and Keith, W.J., 1996, Geologic map of the Tims Peak quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U. S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-2316, scale 1:24,000.

Sherrod, D.R. and Johnson, J.A., 1994, Geologic map of the Irish Lake quadrangle, Harney County, south-central Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field studies Map MF-2256, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf2256

Ferns, M.L., 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the Bogus Bench quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-02, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L., 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the Jordan Craters South quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-09, scale 1:24,000.

Brooks, H.C., 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the Avery Creek quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-16, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L., 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the McCain Creek quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-10, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L., 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the Sacramento Butte quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-13, scale 1;24,000.

Ferns, M.L., 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the Wrangle Butte quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-15, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and Evans, J.G., 1993c, Preliminary geologic map of the Rinehart Canyon quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-93-5, scale 1: 24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and Macleod, N.S., 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the Cow Lakes quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-06, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and O'Brien, J.P., 1991, Preliminary geologic map of the Keeney Ridge quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-91-3, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and O'Brien, J.P., 1992, Geology and mineral resources map of the Namorf quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-74, scale 1:24,000.

Plumley, P.S., 1986, Volcanic stratigraphy and geochemistry of the Hole in the Ground area, Owyhee Plateau, southeastern Oregon: Moscow, University of Idaho, master's thesis, 161 p.

Millhollen, G.L., 1965, The petrography of the basalts at the Cow Lakes area, Malheur County, Oregon: Eugene, University of Oregon, master's thesis, 66 p.

Rytuba, J.J., Minor, S.A., Conrad, W.K., and Vander Meulen, D.B., 1982, Geologic map of the Trout Creek Canyon quadrangle, Harney County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 82-281, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr82281

Vander Meulen, B.B., Rytuba, J.J., Grubensky, M.J., Vercoutere, T.L., and Minor, S.A., 1987, Geologic map of the Pelican Point quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1904, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf1904

Eubanks, W., 1960, Fossil woods of the Thomas Creek area, Linn County, Oregon: The Ore Bin, v. 22, p. 65-69.

Vander Meulen, D.B., Rytuba, J.J., Vercoutere, T.L., and Minor, S.A., 1987, Geologic map of the Rooster Comb 7.5' quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1902C, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf1902

Vercoutere, T.L., Vander Meulen, D.B., and Minor, S.A., 1987, Geologic map of the Diamond Butte quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1901, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf1901

Waters, A.C., 1968, Reconnaissance geologic map of the Madras quadrangle, Jeffereson and Wasco Counties, Oregon" U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geological Investigations Map I-555, scale 1;125,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i555

NGMDB product
Counties Clackamas - Crook - Deschutes - Grant - Harney - Jefferson - Klamath - Lake - Linn - Malheur - Multnomah - Sherman - Washington