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Saddle Mountains Basalt (upper and middle Miocene)

Petrographically diverse flows of basalt erupted between about 13.5 and 6 Ma (McKee and others, 1977; Swanson and others, 1979)
State Oregon
Name Saddle Mountains Basalt (upper and middle Miocene)
Geologic age Middle to Late Miocene
Comments In Umatilla River Basin (OR292), includes the Pomona and Umatilla Members.
Primary rock type basalt
Secondary rock type
Other rock types
Lithologic constituents
Major
Igneous > Volcanic > Mafic-volcanic > Basalt (Flow)
Map references
Walker, G.W. and MacLeod, N.S., 1991, Geologic map of Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey, scale 1:500,000.
Unit references
Walker, G.W. and MacLeod, N.S., 1991, Geologic map of Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey, scale 1:500,000.
Swanson, D.A., Wright, T.L., Hooper, P.R., and Bentley, R.D., 1979, Revisions in stratigraphic nomenclatire of the Columbia River Basalt Group: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin1457-G, p. G1-G59.
Brooks, H.C., McIntyre, J.R., and Walker, G.W., 1976, Geology of the Oregon part of the Baker 1o by 2o quadrangle: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geologic Map Series GMS-7, scale 1:250,000.
Walker, G.W., 1979, Reconnaissance geologic map of the Oregon part of the Grangeville quadrangle, Baker, Union, Umatilla, and Wallowa Counties, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-1116, scale 1;250,000
Walker, G.W., 1973, Reconnaissance geologic map of the Pendleton quadrangle, Oregon and Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneus Geologic Investigations Map I-727, scale 1:250,000.
McKee, E.H., Swanson, D.A., and Wright, T.L., 1977, Duration and volume of Columbia River basalt volcanism, Washington, Oregon, and Idaho [abs.]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 9, no. 4, p. 463.
Barrash, Warren, Bond, J.G., Kauffmann, J.D., and Venkatakrishnan, Ramesh, 1980, Geology of the La Grande area, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Special Paper 6, 67 p., 4 maps, scale 1:24,000.
Ferns, M.L., Madin, I.P., and Taubeneck, W.H., 2001, Reconnaissance geologic map of the La Grande 30' x 60' quadrangle, Baker, Grant, Umatilla, and Union Counties, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Reconnaissance Map Series RMS-1, 52 p., scale 1:100,000.
Ferns, M.L., McConnell, V.S., and Madin, I.P., in prep., Geology of the Umatilla River Basin, Morrow, Umatilla, and Union Counties, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Report, 66 p., scale 1:100,000.
Brown, D.E., Black, G.L., and McLean, G.D., 1980, Preliminary geology and geothermal resource potential of the Craig Mountain-Cove area, , Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Report O-80-04, 68 p., 1 map.
Ferns, M.L. and Madin, I.P., 1999, Geologic map of the Summerville quadrangle, Union County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-111, scale 1:24,000.
Counties Baker - Gilliam - Hood River - Lake - Morrow - Umatilla - Union - Wallowa - Wasco