Tuffaceous sedimentary rocks, tuffs, pumicites, and silicic flows

Moderately well indurated lacustrine and fluvial (flood-plain) deposits of tuff, pumicite, palagonite tuff, and lesser siltstone, arkosic sandstone, and pebble and cobble conglomerate. Locally contains some lignite beds. Former glass in silicic vitroclastic debris commonly crystallized and altered to secondary silica minerals, alkali feldspar, zeolites, and clay minerals. Contains some welded and nonwelded ash-flow tuffs, and minor rhyolite flows. Widespread and abundant vertebrate fossils and minor plant fossils indicate that most of unit is of middle Miocene (Barstovian) age; parts of unit between Goose Lake and Warner Valley may include rocks of early Miocene age. Locally interlayered with and locally overlies basalt and andesite flows of unit Tmb. Overlies and locally interfingers with Picture Gorge Basalt (Thayer and Brown, 1966) and with Miocene basalt south of Prineville. Includes Mascall Formation of Merriam (1901), Sucker (Succor) Creek Formation of Corcoran and others (1962) and Kittleman and others (1967), Drip Spring Formation of Kittleman and others (1965, 1967), Trout Creek Formation of Smith (1926), and "rocks of Miocene age" of Malde and Powers (1962) in the southern Owyhee Upland province. In southeast Oregon, some of these rocks represent caldera and moat-fill deposits
State Oregon
Name Tuffaceous sedimentary rocks, tuffs, pumicites, and silicic flows
Geologic age Miocene
Lithologic constituents
Major
Igneous > Volcanic > Felsic-volcanic > Rhyolite (Flow, Pyroclastic-air fall, Pyroclastic-ash flow)tuff, pumicite, palagonite tuff
Minor
Sedimentary > Coal > Lignite (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Conglomerate (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone > Arkose (Bed)
Sedimentary > Clastic > Siltstone (Bed)
Stratigraphic units Mascall Formation (OR059), Sucker (Succor) Creek Formation (OR016; OR023; OR024), Drip Spring (OR023; OR024), Trout Creek Formation (OR060), Picture Gorge Basalt (OR061)
References

Walker, G.W. and MacLeod, N.S., 1991, Geologic map of Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey, scale 1:500,000.

Walker, G.W. and Repenning, C.A., 1966, Geologic map of the west half of the Jordan Valley quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-457, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i457

Greene, R.C., Walker, G.W., and Corcoran, R.E., 1972, Geologic map of the Burns quadrangle, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-680, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i680

Walker, G.W. and Repenning, C.A., 1965, Geologic map of Adel quadrangle, Lake, Harney, and Malheur Counties, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-446, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i446

Ferns, M.L., Evans, J.G., and Cummings, M.L., 1993a, Geologic map of the Mahogany Mountain 30 x 60 minute quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-78, scale 1:100,000.

Ferns, M.L., Brooks, H.C., Evans, J.G., and Cummings, M.L., 1993b, Geologic map of the Vale 30 x 60 minute quadrangle, Malheur County Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-77, scale 1:100,000.

Brown, C.E. and Thayer, T.P., 1966, Geologic map of the Canyon City quadrangle, northeastern Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-447, scale 1:250,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i447

Corcoran, R.E., Doak, R.A., Porter, P.W., Pritchett, F.I., and Privarsky, N.C., 1962, Geology of the Mitchell Butte quadrangle, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geologic Map Series GMS-2, scale 1:125,000.

Kittleman, L.R., Green, A.R., Hagood, A.R., Johnson, A.M., McMurray, J.M., Russell, R.G., and Weeden, D.A., 1965, Cenozoic stratigraphy of the Owyhee region, southeastern Oregon: Eugene, University of Oregon Museum of Natural History Bulletin 1, 45 p.

Kittleman, L.R., Green, A.R., Haddock, G.H., Hagood, A.R., Johnson, A.M., McMurray, J.M., Russell, R.G., and Weeden, D.A., 1967, Geologic map of the Owyhee region, Malheur County, Oregon: Eugene, University of Oregon Museum of Natural History Bulletion 8, scale 1:125,000.

Brooks, H.C., McIntyre, J.R., and Walker, G.W., 1976, Geology of the Oregon part of the Baker 1o by 2o quadrangle: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geologic Map Series GMS-7, scale 1:250,000.

Walker, G.W., 1977, Geologic map of Oregon east of the 121st meridian: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-902, scale 1:500,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/i902

Merriam, J.C., 1901, A contribution to the geology of the John Day Basin [Oregon]: University of California, Department of Geology Bulletin. v. 2, no. 9, p. 269-314.

Smith, W.D., 1926, Physical and economic geology of Oregon: the southeastern lake province: Oregon University Commonwealth Review, v. 8, nos.2-3, p. 199-253.

Thayer, T.P. and Brown, C.E., 1966, Local thickening of basalts and late Tertiary silicic volcanism in the Canyon City quadrangle, northeastern Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 550-C, p. C73-C78.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp550C

Ferns, M.L. and Ramp, Len, 1989, Geology and mineral resources map of the Grassy Mountain quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-57, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L., 1989, Geology and mineral resources of the Adrian quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-56, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L., 1989, Geology and mineral resources map of the Graveyard Point quadrangle, Malheur Count Oregon, and Owyhee County, Idaho: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-54, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L., 1988, Geology and mineral resources map of the Owyhee Ridge quadrangle. Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-53, scale 1:24,000.

Swisher, C.C., Ach, J.A., and Hart, W.K., 1990, Laser fusion 40Ar/39Ar dating of the type Steens Mountain Basalt, southeastern Oregon, and the age of the Steens aeromagnetic polarity transition [abs.]: EOS, Transactions of American Geophysical Union, v. 17, no. 43, p. 1,296.

Ferns, M.L. and Urbanczyk, K.M., 1990, Geology and mineral resources mao of the Mitchell Butte quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-61, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and Cummings, M.L., 1992, Geology and mineral resources map of The Elbow quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-62, scale 1:24,000.

MacLeod, N.S., 1990, Geology and mineral resources map of the Sheaville quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon, and Owyhee County, Idaho: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series, GMS-64, scale 1:24,000.

MacLeod, N.S., 1990, Geology and mineral resources map of the Mahogany Gap quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Departmernt of Geology and Mineral Industries Geological Map Series GMS-65, scale 1:24,000.

Sherrod, D.R. and Johnson, J.A., 1994, Geologic map of the Irish Lake quadrangle, Harney County, south-central Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field studies Map MF-2256, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf2256

Cummings, M.L., 1993, Geologic map of the Sourdough Springs quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Report O-93-11, scale 1:24,000.

Evans, J.G., Rytuba, J.J., Binger, G.B., and Hooper, P.R., 1999, Preliminary geologic map of the Star Creek Reservoir quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-583, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr99583

Ferns, M.L., 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the McCain Creek quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-10, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and Gilbert, Deborah, 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the Rockville quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-12, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and Macleod, N.S., 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the Cow Lakes quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-06, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L.1992, Preliminary geologic map of the Downey Canyon quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-07, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L., 1992, Preliminary geologic map of the Hooker Creek quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-92-8, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and O'Brien, J.P., 1991, Preliminary geologic map of the Keeney Ridge quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-91-3, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and Urbanczyk, K., 1990, Preliminary geologic map of the Kane Spring Gulch quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-90-03, scale 1:24,000.

Ferns, M.L. and Williams, C.P., 1993, Preliminary geologic map of the Crowley quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Open-File Map O-93-04, scale 1:24,000.

McMurray, J.M., 1962, Geology of the Freezeout Mountain area, Malheur County, Oregon: Eugene, University of Oregon, master's thesis, 87 p.

Plumley, P.S., 1986, Volcanic stratigraphy and geochemistry of the Hole in the Ground area, Owyhee Plateau, southeastern Oregon: Moscow, University of Idaho, master's thesis, 161 p.

Camp, V.E., Ross, M.E., and Hanson, W.E., 2003, Genesis of flood basalts and Basin and Range volcanic rocks from Steens Mountain to the Malheur River Gorge, Oregon: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 115, no. 1, p. 105-128.

Evans, J.G., unpub. mapping, 1994, Ladycomb Peak quadrangle, Harney County

Johnson, J.A., 1995, Geologic evolution of the Duck Butte eruptive center, High Lava Plains, southeastern Oregon: Corvallis, Oregon State University, master's thesis, 151 p.

Johnson, J.A. and Grunder, A.l., 2000, The making of intermediate compositional magma in a bimodal suite: Duck Butte eruptive center, Oregon, USA: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 95, p. 175-195.

Minor, S.A., Vander Meulen, D.B., Rytuba, J.J., and Vercoutere, T.L., 1989, Geologic map of The V quadrangle, Harney County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-351, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr89351

Rytuba, J.J., Bateson, J.T., Curtis, D.L., Jr., and Cox, G.A., 1983, Geologic map of the Little Whitehorse Creek quadrangle, Harney and Malheur Counties, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1472, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf1472

Rytuba, J.J., Minor, S.A., Conrad, W.K., and Vander Meulen, D.B., 1982, Geologic map of the Trout Creek Canyon quadrangle, Harney County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 82-281, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr82281

Rytuba, J.J., Minor, S.A., Miller, R.J., and Vander Meulen, D.B., 1983, Geologic map of the Red Mountain quadrangle, Harney County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-0282, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr83282

Rytuba, J.J., Minor, S.A., and Vander Meulen, D.B., 1983, Reconnaissance geologic map of the Whitehorse Ranch quadrangle, Harney and Malheur Counties, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-0284, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr83284

Vander Meulen, D.B., Rytuba, J.J., Grubensky, M.J., and Goeldner, C.A., 1987, Geologic map of the Bannock Ridge 7.5' quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1903A, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf1903

Vander Meulen, B.B., Rytuba, J.J., Grubensky, M.J., Vercoutere, T.L., and Minor, S.A., 1987, Geologic map of the Pelican Point quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1904, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf1904

Vander Meulen, D.B., Rytuba, J.J., Minor, S.A., and Harwood, C.S., 1989, Preliminary geologic map of the Three Fingers Rock quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-344, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/ofr89344

Vander Meulen, D.B., Rytuba, J.J., Vercoutere, T.L., and Minor, S.A., 1987, Geologic map of the Rooster Comb 7.5' quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1902C, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf1902

Vercoutere, T.L., Vander Meulen, D.B., and Minor, S.A., 1987, Geologic map of the Diamond Butte quadrangle, Malheur County, Oregon: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1901, scale 1:24,000.

https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/mf1901

Beeson, J.H., Geology of the southern half of the Huntington quadrangle, Oregon: Eugene, University of Oregon, master's thesis, 77 p.

Calkins, J.A., 1954, The geology of the northeastern quarter of the Jamieson quadrangle, Oregon: Eugene, University of Oregon, master's thesis, 72 p.

NGMDB product
Counties Baker - Crook - Deschutes - Grant - Harney - Klamath - Lake - Lane - Malheur - Wheeler