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Diabase

Diabase - Medium- to coarse-grained, quartz-normative tholeiite; composed of labradorite and various pyroxenes; occurs as dikes, sheets, and a few small flows. Includes the dark-gray York Haven Diabase (high titanium oxide) and the slightly younger Rossville Diabase (low titanium oxide). In chilled margins, the Rossville is distinguished from the York Haven by its lighter gray color and distinctive, sparse, centimeter-sized calcic-plagioclase phenocrysts.
State Pennsylvania
Name Diabase
Geologic age Jurassic
Comments Digital map differences from 1980 map: age changed from Triassic to Jurassic; map symbol changed from Trd (printed) to Jd (digital). See digital map reference.
Primary rock type diabase
Secondary rock type
Other rock types
Lithologic constituents
Major
Igneous > Volcanic > Mafic-volcanic > Basalt (Diabase)Medium- to coarse-grained, quartz-normative tholeiite; composed of labradorite and various pyroxenes; occurs as dikes, sheets, and a few small flows
Map references
Pennsylvania Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 2001, Bedrock Geology of Pennsylvania, edition: 1.0, digital map. Retrieved from internet 9-30-2004; <http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/topogeo/map1/bedmap.aspx> DL Data: pageoexp.zip
Unit references
Berg, T. M., Edmunds, W. E., Geyer, A. R., and others, compilers, 1980, Geologic map of Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Geological Survey, 4th ser., Map 1, 2nd ed., 3 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
Pennsylvania Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 2001, Bedrock Geology of Pennsylvania, edition: 1.0, digital map. Retrieved from internet 9-30-2004; <http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/topogeo/map1/bedmap.aspx> DL Data: pageoexp.zip
Counties Adams - Berks - Bucks - Chester - Cumberland - Dauphin - Lancaster - Lebanon - Lehigh - Montgomery - York