Metagabbro

Dusky-green to black, medium- to coarse-grained, massive to vaguely-foliated amphibolite. Mineralogy: (1) actinolite + chlorite + albite + epidote + quartz + magnetite ± titanite; (2) hornblende + pla gio clase + epidote + magnetite + quartz ± titanite. Geophysical signature: strong positive magnetic anomaly. Metagabbro occurs as dikes that cut Grenville basement and the Lynchburg Group, and as sills occurring primarily in the Charlottesville and Alligator Back Formations in association with ultramafiic rocks. Cross cutting relations imply that these rocks are related to the Catoctin in time. Reed and Morgan (1971) demonstrated on the basis of geochemistry that metadiabase dikes cutting Grenville basement in northern Virginia are feeders to the Catoctin. Metagabbroic dikes in the central Virginia Blue Ridge could represent a deeper level of Catoctin feeder system, although that hypothesis has not been substantiated by field or geochemical study.
State Virginia
Name Metagabbro
Geologic age Proterozoic Z-Cambrian
Lithologic constituents
Major
Metamorphic > Metaigneous > Metaintrusive > Metagabbro
Minor
Metamorphic > Amphibolite
Comments Blue Ridge Anticlinorium (Central)
References

Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 1993, Geologic Map of Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, scale 1:500,000.

Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 2003, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, Publication 174, CD ROM (ISO-9660) contains image file, expanded explanation in pdf, and ESRI shapefiles, scale 1:500,000.

NGMDB product
Counties Albemarle - Amherst - Culpeper - Fauquier - Greene - Madison - Nelson - Orange - Charlottesville