Maccrady Shale

Maccrady Shale (Stose, 1913). Shale, siltstone, minor limestone, and sandstone. Shale and siltstone, light-grayish red, few light-greenish-gray beds, silty, very-thin- to medium bedded, indistinctly bedded, interbedded. Collapse breccia in middle of formation, with anhydrite (?) locally in western Tazewell County (Windolph, 1987). Limestone, dolomitic, light-yel lowish-brown and bluish-gray in Washington and Tazewell counties. Sandstone, light- to medium-gray, fine to coarse-grained, locally cross-bedded. Maccrady sparsely fossiliferous including a fish-bone bed (Bartlett, 1974, p. 101). Contains salt, anhydrite, and economic deposits of gypsum where the formation is thickest and folded and faulted in Smyth County (Sharpe, 1984; Stose, 1913). Basal beds locally interfinger with and are gradational with underlying Price Formation and lie on progressively older units of the Price west of a line from north astern Tazewell County through central Washington County (Bartlett, 1974, p. 99). Maccrady thins northwestward, but locally thins southwestward (Warne, 1990). It wedges out at the southwest corner of Virginia (Englund, 1979); in northern and western Washington and northwestern Smyth counties the Maccrady is less than 50 feet thick (Averitt, 1941; Warne, 1990), but it is as much as 2000 feet thick to the northeast in Smyth County (Sharpe, 1984), and at least 1000 feet thick in a partial section in Montgomery County (Bartholomew and Lowry, 1979).
State Virginia
Name Maccrady Shale
Geologic age Mississippian
Lithologic constituents
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone > Shale
Sedimentary > Clastic > Siltstone
Sedimentary > Clastic > Mudstone
Sedimentary > Chemical > Evaporite
Sedimentary > Clastic > Sandstone
Sedimentary > Carbonate > Limestone
Comments Appalachian Plateaus and Valley and Ridge

Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 1993, Geologic Map of Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, scale 1:500,000.

Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 2003, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, Publication 174, CD ROM (ISO-9660) contains image file, expanded explanation in pdf, and ESRI shapefiles, scale 1:500,000.

NGMDB product
Counties Alleghany - Montgomery - Pulaski - Wythe