Bremo quartzite (Stose and Stose, 1948). Light-gray, fine- to medium-grained, thick-bedded and locally crossbedded quartzite; includes quartz-muscovite schist, and quartz-pebble conglomerate. Mineralogy: quartz + muscovite + chlorite ± plagioclase ± potassium feldspar ± calcite ± magnetite-hematite ± zircon. The Bremo reportedly contains crinoid stems and brachiopods (Smith and others, 1964; Brown, 1969). Stose and Stose (1948) and Smith and others (1964) considered the quartzite stratigraphically above the slates and schists; Brown (1969) cited structural evidence that the Bremo does not occupy a position at the top of the Arvonia, but occurs locally in the middle or lower part. Smith and others (1964) and Brown (1969) considered the Bremo a member of the Arvonia Formation.
Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 1993, Geologic Map of Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, scale 1:500,000.
Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 2003, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, Publication 174, CD ROM (ISO-9660) contains image file, expanded explanation in pdf, and ESRI shapefiles, scale 1:500,000.