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Bassett Formation - Biotite gneiss and granite gneiss.

Bassett Formation - Quartzofeldspathic biotite gneiss and granite gneiss.
State Virginia
Name Bassett Formation - Biotite gneiss and granite gneiss.
Geologic age Proterozoic Z
Comments Western Piedmont, Smith River Allochthon. From expanded explanation (ref. VA002): Biotite gneiss. Light-gray to black-and-white, fine to medium-grained, leucocratic biotite gneiss that is mostly segregation-layered, but locally is a medium-grained quartzfeldspar granofels. Contains interlayers of muscovite-biotite schist, quartz schist, and epidote quartzite. Mineral assemblages: (1) quartz + plagioclase + potassium feldspar + biotite + muscovite + magnetite-ilmenite + tourmaline +/- kyanite +/- epidote +/- titanite +/- hornblende +/- garnet; (2) quartz + plagioclase + epidote + pyroxene. Porphyroclasts of zoned plagioclase in an equigranular, polygonal quartz-potassium feldspar groundmass and medium to thick bedding suggest a volcaniclastic protolith (Conley, 1985). Gneisses are migmatitic and cut by numerous granite dikes and sills near the contacts with the Martinsville igneous complex. Geophysical signature: potassium feldspar-bearing gneisses have positive radiometric, and generally flat magnetic signatures relative to adjacent amphibolite units. In the core of the Sherwill anticline (Campbell and Appomattox counties), the dominant rock-type is graded salt-andpepper metagraywacke, interbedded with lesser mica schist and graphite schist. This association bears lithologic affinity to the Lynchburg Group, which occupies the cores of structural domes to the west; this correlation has been made by several workers (Brown, 1958; Kaldy, 1977; Gates, 1987).
Primary rock type biotite gneiss
Secondary rock type granitic gneiss
Other rock types
Lithologic constituents
Major
Metamorphic > Gneissbiotite gneiss and granitic gneiss
Map references
Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia", 2003, CD ROM (ISO-9660) contains image file, expanded explanation in pdf, and ESRI shapefiles, viewing software not included. This is a digital version of "Geologic Map of Virginia" published in 1993. Available from: https://www.dmme.virginia.gov/commerce/
Unit references
Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 1993, Geologic Map of Virginia: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, scale 1:500,000
Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia - expanded explanation: 2003, Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Mines, Minerals, and Energy, Divsion of Mineral Resources, Publication 147, 85 pp
Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia", 2003, CD ROM (ISO-9660) contains image file, expanded explanation in pdf, and ESRI shapefiles, viewing software not included. This is a digital version of "Geologic Map of Virginia" published in 1993. Available from: https://www.dmme.virginia.gov/commerce/
Counties Appomattox - Campbell - Franklin - Henry - Patrick - Pittsylvania