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Map and table of world copper smelters

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Frequently anticipated questions:

What does this data set describe?

Title: Map and table of world copper smelters
This map and table comprise information on 124 world copper smelters (2 of which are closed and 1 of which is under development) and 4 (low-grade solvent extraction-electrowinning) operations whose product requires further processing to produce refined copper. The map shows the locations of facilities and a color code based on the capacity of the facilities. These data have been compiled from multiple sources and estimates, based upon production and other pertinent information. The data presented in this report can be used with data on annual copper production and on the environmental releases that characterize particular types of processes to estimate environmental residuals from copper production.
  1. How might this data set be cited?
    Feliciano, Calix Saul Laboy, and González, Elizabeth, 2003, Map and table of world copper smelters: U.S. Geological Survey Open File-Report 03-75, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?
    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -180.0
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: 180.0
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 90.0
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: -90.0
  3. What does it look like?
  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?
    Calendar_Date: 2003Currentness_Reference: ground condition
  5. What is the general form of this data set?
  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?
    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?
      This is a Point data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Point (124)
    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?
      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.01. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.01. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees. The horizontal datum used is World Geodetic System 84.
      The ellipsoid used is WGS-84.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137 meters.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/294.26.
  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?
    World copper smelters
    In 2002 there were 32 countries that had copper smelters and electrowinning plants. (Source: Various professional directories)
    Countries placed in alphabetical order. (Source: U.S. Department of State-Independent states in the World, Short-form name)
    Formal codeset
    Codeset Name:Independent states in the World, Short-form name
    Codeset Source:U.S. Department of State
    Location (Name)
    The administrative subdivision and city, if available and applicable, location of the smelter and the smelter name in parentheses where available. (Source: Various professional directories) Place names, not abbreviated
    Angular distance measured on a meridian north or south from the equator. (Source: National Imagery and Mapping Agency, Geospatial Intelligence Database)
    Range of values
    Units:Decimal degrees
    Angular distance between the plane of a medirian east or west from the plane of the meridian of Greenwich. (Source: National Imagery and Mapping Agency, Geospatial Intelligence Database)
    Range of values
    Units:Decimal degrees
    Facility Type
    Whether the facility is a smelter or an electrowinning plant. (Source: Various professional directories)
    SmelterThe facility is a smelter.
    electrowinningThe facility is a low-grade solvent extraction-electrowinning plant.
    The mineral processed in the facilities. (Source: Various professional directories)
    CuThe commodity is copper.
    Majority Ownership or Operating Company
    The name of the company that owns or operates the facility. (Source: Various professional directories) Company names unabbreviated (but abbreviations are given for terms of incorporation such as "Ltd.", "Corp." and so forth).
    Whether the facility is operating, closed, or under development. (Source: Various professional directories)
    OperatingThe facility is operating.
    ClosedThe facility is closed.
    Under developmentThe facility is under development.
    The production of copper measured in thousand metric tons. (Source: Various professional directories)
    Range of values
    Units:metric tons x 1000
    Process Type
    The technology used to process the mineral. (Source: Various professional directories)
    ReverberatoryThe Process is reverberatory.
    Blast FurnaceThe Process type is blast furnace.
    IsasmeltThe process type is isasmelt.
    outokumpu continuousThe process type is outokumpu continuous.
    Noranda ContinuousThe process type is noranda continuous.
    Mitsubishi ContinuousThe process type is mitsubishi continuous.
    Inco FlashThe process type is inco flash.
    ElectricThe process type is electric.
    Teniente ConverterThe process type is teniente converter.
    Top Blown Rotary Converter (TBRC)The process type is top blown rotary converter (TBRC).
    Baiyin FurnaceThe process type is baiyin furnace.
    AusmeltThe process type is ausmelt.
    Electrowinning (low grade)The process type is electrowinning (low grade).
    Boilen ProcessThe process type is boilen.
    Rotary FurnaceThe process type is rotary furnace.

Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)
  2. Who also contributed to the data set?
  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?
    U. S. Geological Survey
    Attn: W. David Menzie
    Chief, International Minerals
    991 National Center
    Reston, VA

    703-648-7732 (voice)

Why was the data set created?

The purpose of this report is to present information about the copper smelters around the world concerning their location, ownership or operating company, operating status, capacity, and process type.

How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?
    ICSG directory (source 1 of 1)
    International Copper Study Group, 2001, Directory of copper mines and plants.

    Type_of_Source_Media: paper
    The International Copper Study Group publishes World Copper Mines and Plants four times per year.

    International Copper Study Group provided company name, process type, production capacity, status, and country.
  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?
    Date: 2001 (process 1 of 1)
    Preliminary information was obtained by using the Directory of Copper Mines and Plants, 2001. After several reviews and revisions the information was modified.
  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?
    All of the copper smelters were located in a worldwide scale.
  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?
  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?
  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?
    The data has been gathered using several sources, including publications and data supplied by the International Copper Study Group and the International Wrought Copper Council as well as statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of companies, trades journals, data gathered by USGS specialists during site visits, and estimates based upon production and other pertinent information.
  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?
    No test for logical consistency was performed on this data set.

How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None
  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)
    W. David Menzie
    U.S. Geological Survey
    991 National Center
    Reston, VA

    703 648 7732 (voice)
  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?
  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?
    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provides these data "as is." The USGS makes no guarantee or warranty concerning the accurancy of information contained in the geographic data. The USGS further makes no warranties, either expressed or implied as to any other matter whatsoever, including, without limitation, the condition of the product, or its fitness for any particular purpose. The burden for determining fitness for use lies entirely with user. Although these data have been processed successfully on computers at the USGS, no warranty. In no event shall the USGS have any liability whatsoever for payment af any consequential, incidental, indirect, special, or tort damages of any kind, including, but not limited to, any loss of profits arising out of use of reliance on the geographic data or arising out of the delivery, installation, operation. or support by USGS.
  4. How can I download or order the data?

Who wrote the metadata?

Last modified: 07-Dec-2016
Metadata author:
John F. Papp
U.S. Geological Survey
989 National Center
Reston, VA

703-648-4963 (voice)
Metadata standard:
Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (FGDC-STD-001-1998)

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