Double Anchor

Prospect in Alaska, United States with commodities Silver, Gold, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Copper

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10000154
MRDS ID A010189
Record type Site
Current site name Double Anchor
Alternate or previous names Alaska State Mines Extension
Related records 10282434

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -130.25982, 56.06366 (WGS84)
Relative position The Double Anchor prospect is in Section 16 at an elevation of about 4100 feet near the top of a south-facing mountainside overlooking Texas Lake, about 0.7 mile south of the lake (Berg and others, 1977, p. 79; Elliott and Koch, 1981, p. 11, loc. 30).
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Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska

Commodities

Commodity Importance
Silver Primary
Gold Primary
Copper Primary
Lead Primary
Zinc Primary
Copper Secondary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Chalcopyrite Ore
Galena Ore
Pyrite Ore
Sphalerite Ore
Quartz Gangue

Alteration

  • (Local) Local intense iron staining. The subhorizontal quartz breccia zone is oxidized.

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 85
USGS model code 22c
Deposit model name Polymetallic veins
Mark3 model number 46

Host and associated rocks

  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Sedimentary Rock > Clastic Sedimentary Rock > Siltstone

Nearby scientific data

(1) -130.25982, 56.06366

Comments on the geologic information

  • Geologic Description = The country rocks in the area near the Double Anchor prospect are pelitic metasedimentary and minor andesitic metavolcanic strata of the Jurassic or older Mesozoic Hazelton Group; the Triassic Texas Creek Granodiorite, which underlies and locally intrudes the Hazelton; and the Eocene Hyder Quartz Monzonite, which cuts both the Hazelton and Texas Creek rocks (Smith, 1977; Koch, 1996).? Buddington (1929, p. p. 98-99) describes the deposit as a subhorizontal shear zone in argillite and graywacke that contains seams and stringers of quartz and sulfides, including sphalerite, galena, pyrite, chalcopyrite, and sparse pyrrhotite. The largest orebody is about 2.5 feet thick and 30 feet long; most individual veins are less than an inch thick. Thick quartz veins nearby are only sparsely mineralized.? Berg and others (1977, p. 38-39) describe two quartz breccia zones. One is subhorizontal, up to about a foot thick, and exposed for about 700 feet along strike; the other dips steeply and is exposed for about 160 feet along strike. Both zones contain pyrite, galena, sphalerite, and chalcopyrite.? the weighted average of analyses of samples collected by the U.S. Bureau of Mines in 1972 (Berg and others, 1977, p. 79-84) across about a two-foot-width of the main (subhorizontal) orebody is 4.3% Pb, 1.0% Zn, and 3.5 oz Ag and 0.022 oz Au per ton.? Lead-isotope studies of galena from the Double Anchor prospect have yielded Jurassic and Eocene ages (Maas and others, 1995, p. 235, 244). The deposit is interpreted to be polygenetic, originating during Jurassic Hazelton island-arc volcanism (Alldrick, 1993), and then partly remobilized or reconstituted as fissure veins during Eocene emplacement of the Hyder Quartz Monzonite.
  • Age = Lead-isotope studies of galena from the Double Anchor prospect have yielded Jurassic and Eocene ages (Maas and others, 1995, p. 235, 244). The deposit is interpreted to be polygenetic, originating during Jurassic Hazelton island-arc volcanism (Alldrick, 1993), and then partly remobilized or reconstituted during Eocene emplacement of the Hyder Quartz Monzonite.

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Prospect
Commodity type Metallic

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Inactive

Mining district

District name Hyder

Comments on the workings information

  • Workings / Exploration = Prospect was explored, probably in the 1920's, by pits and short adits.? the weighted average of analyses of samples collected by the U.S. Bureau of Mines in 1972 (Berg and others, 1977, p. 79-84) across about a two-foot-width of the main (subhorizontal) orebody is 4.3% Pb, 1.0% Zn, and 3.5 oz Ag and 0.022 oz AU per ton.

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A010189
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF BC030

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Buddington, A.F., 1929, Geology of Hyder and vicinity, southeastern Alaska, with a reconnaissance of Chickamin River: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 807, 124 p.

  • Deposit

    Smith, J.G., 1977, Geology of the Ketchikan D-1 and Bradfield Canal A-1 quadrangles, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1425, 49 p.

  • Deposit

    Berg, H.C., Elliott, R.L., Smith, J.G., Pittman, T.L., and Kimball, A. L., 1977, Mineral resources of the Granite Fiords wilderness study area, Alaska, with a section on aeromagnetic data by Andrew Griscom: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1403, 151 p.

  • Deposit

    Elliott, R.L., and Koch, R.D., 1981, Mines, prospects, and selected metalliferous mineral occurrences in the Bradfield Canal quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 81-728-B, 23 p., 1 sheet, scales 1:250,000 and 1:63,360.

  • Deposit

    Alldrick, D.J., 1993, Geology and metallogeny of the Stewart mining camp, northwestern British Columbia: British Columbia Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources Bulletin 85, 105 p., 2 plates.

  • Deposit

    Maas, K.M., Bittenbender, P E., and Still, J.C., 1995, Mineral investigations in the Ketchikan mining district, southeastern Alaska: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report 11-95, 606 p.

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = Berg and others, 1977

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit Model Name = Polymetallic veins
Deposit Other Comments = Four claims were recorded in 1923; property was restaked in 1958 as part of the Alaska State Mines Extension claim group of 19 lode and 2 placer claims. The claims were inactive in 1973 (Berg and others, 1977, p. 76).

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 17-MAY-1998 H. C. Berg U.S. Geological Survey