Gold Cord

Unknown in Alaska, United States with commodities Gold, Copper, Lead, Tungsten, Zinc

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10000942
MRDS ID A011613
Record type Site
Current site name Gold Cord
Alternate or previous names Gold Cord Mining, Milling, and Power Co., Golden Bear Mining Co.
Related records 10282532

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -149.28852, 61.7965 (WGS84)
Relative position SEE LOCATION COMMENTS
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Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska

Comments on the location information

  • AT HEADWATERS OF EAST FORK FISHHOOK CREEK, MARKED WITH AN ADIT SYMBOL AND LABELED 'GOLD CORD MINE' ON THE ANCHORAGE D-7 1:63,360-SCALE TOPOGRAPHIC MAP. ACCURATE WITHIN 400 FT. LOCALITY 14 OF COBB (1972) AND LOCALITY 11 OF MACKEVETT AND HOLLOWAY (1977).

Commodities

Commodity Importance
Gold Primary
Copper Primary
Lead Primary
Tungsten Primary
Zinc Primary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Chalcopyrite Ore
Galena Ore
Pyrite Ore
Scheelite Ore
Sphalerite Ore
Tetrahedrite Ore
Quartz Gangue

Alteration

  • (Local) Wall-Rock Alteration Is Intense And Consists Of Replacement By The Usual Hydrothermal Minerals In The District - Chlorite, Pyrite, Sericite, Ankerite, And A Little Calcite (Ray, 1933).

Nearby scientific data

(1) -149.28852, 61.7965

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Commodity type Metallic
Significant No

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Active

Mining district

District name Willow Creek

Comments on the production information

  • FROM DISCOVERY THROUGH 1949, MAINLY BETWEEN 1931 AND 1938, THE GOLD CORD LODE PRODUCED AROUND 16,000 OUNCES OF GOLD (STOLL, 1997).

Comments on the workings information

  • FIRST STAKED IN 1915 BY BYRON AND CHARLES BARTHOLF. DEVELOPMENT WORK APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN SPORATIC FOR MANY YEARS, RECORDS INDICATE 'REAL' ACTIVITY BEGAN AROUND 1931 (RAY, 1954). BY 1933 THE CAMP CONSISTED OF A MILL (CRUSHER, 10-TON DENVER MILL, AMALGAMATING PLATES, AND A SMALL CONCENTRATION TABLE), SHOPS, AND LIVING QUARTERS(RAY, 1933). THE BULK OF THE GOLD PRODUCED FROM THE MINE WAS DURING THE SIX YEAR PERIOD FROM THE WINTER OF 1931 THROUGH 1937 (STOLL, 1997). RAY (1954) REPORTS THAT THE MINE WAS DEVELOPED BY AT LEAST 2,500 FT OF WORKINGS ON SEVERAL LEVELS OVER A VERTICAL DISTANCE OF 200 FT. IN 1947 AND 1948 TWO VEINS NEAR THE TOP OF THE MOUNTAIN ABOVE THE GOLD CORD MINE WERE EXPLORED BY DRIFTING, BUT NO SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF GOLD WAS FOUND. THE PROPERTY HAS BEEN DRILLED IN ATTEMPTS TO LOCATE FAULTED-OUT SECTIONS OF VEIN AND PROSPECT ADITS DRIVEN ON OTHER VEINS HAVE NOT BEEN PARTICULARLY SUCCESSFUL. THE PROPERTY NORTH OF GOLD CORD FAULT MAY PROVE FAVORABLE DUE TO THE
  • ABSENCE OF ANY MAJOR FAULTS. ORE GRADE RANGED FROM ABOUT 0.1 TO 9 OZ/TON AU. MOST ASSAY VALUES BETWEEN 0.75 AND 4 OZ/TON AU (ASSAY CONVERTED FROM DOLLAR VALUES REPORTED BY RAY (1933)). ONE BATCH OF 11 TONS OF ORE CONTAINED 10.9 OZ (1 OZ/TON) OF GOLD (BROOKS, 1925). DURING A 1984 U.S. BUREAU OF MINES INVESTIGATION (KURTAK, 1986), A 1.8-FT-WIDE SAMPLE ACROSS A QUARTZ VEIN IN THE 4,900 FT ADIT (LATE 1940S WORKINGS) CONTAINED 13 PPM GOLD (0.38 OZ/TON). IN 1998, DAN RENSHAW CONTINUED DRIVING A NEW ADIT IN SEARCH OF FAVORABLE ORE AT THE GOLD CORD MINE.

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A011613
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF AN007
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS D002733

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    CAPPS, S.R., 1919, GOLD LODE MINING IN THE WILLOW CREEK DISTRICT: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 692-D, P. 177-205.

  • Deposit

    MARTIN, G.C., 1919, THE ALASKAN MINING INDUSTRY IN 1917: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 692-A, P. 11-42.

  • Deposit

    CHAPIN, THEODORE, 1920, LODE DEVELOPMENTS IN THE WILLOW CREEK DISTRICT: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 712-F, P. 169-176.

  • Deposit

    MARTIN, G.C., 1920, MINERAL RESOURCES OF ALASKA, REPORT ON PROGRESS OF INVESTIGATIONS IN 1918: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 712, 204 P.

  • Deposit

    CHAPIN, THEODORE, 1921, LODE DEVELOPMENTS IN THE WILLOW CREEK DISTRICT: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 714-E, P. 201-206.

  • Deposit

    BROOKS, A.H., 1925, ALASKA'S MINERAL RESOURCES AND PRODUCTION IN 1923: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 773-A, P. 1-52.

  • Deposit

    SMITH, P.S., 1930, MINERAL INDUSTRY OF ALASKA IN 1927 AND ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 813-A, P. 1-64.

  • Deposit

    SMITH, P.S., 1932, MINERAL INDUSTRY OF ALASKA IN 1930 AND ADMINISTRATIVE REPORT: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 824-A, P. 1-109.

  • Deposit

    RAY, J.C., 1933, THE WILLOW CREEK GOLD-LODE DISTRICT, ALASKA: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 849-C, P. 165-229.

  • Deposit

    SMITH, P.S., 1933, MINERAL INDUSTRY OF ALASKA IN 1930: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 836, P. 1-83.

  • Deposit

    SMITH, P.S., 1934, MINERAL INDUSTRY OF ALASKA IN 1932: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 857-A, P. 1-91.

  • Deposit

    SMITH, P.S., 1934, MINERAL INDUSTRY OF ALASKA IN 1932: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 864-A, P. 1-94.

  • Deposit

    SMITH, P.S., 1936, MINERAL INDUSTRY IN ALASKA IN 1934: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 868-A, P. 1-91.

  • Deposit

    SMITH, P.S., 1938, MINERAL INDUSTRY OF ALASKA IN 1936: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 897-A, P. 1-107.

  • Deposit

    SMITH, P.S., 1939, MINERAL INDUSTRY OF ALASKA IN 1937: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 917-A, P. 1-113.

  • Deposit

    SMITH, P.S., 1942, MINERAL INDUSTRY OF ALASKA IN 1940: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 933-A, P. 1-102.

  • Deposit

    THORNE R.L., MUIR, N.M., ERICKSON, A.W., THOMAS, B.I., HEIDE, H.E., AND WRIGHT, W.S., 1948, TUNGSTEN DEPOSITS IN ALASKA: U.S. BUREAU OF MINES REPORT OF INVESTIGATIONS 4174, 22 P.

  • Deposit

    MOXHAM, R.M., AND NELSON, A.E., 1952, RECONNAISSANCE FOR RADIO-ACTIVE DEPOSITS IN SOUTH-CENTRAL ALASKA, 1947-1949: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY CIRCULAR 184, 14 P.

  • Deposit

    RAY, R.G., 1954, GEOLOGY AND ORE DEPOSITS OF THE WILLOW CREEK MINING DISTRICT, ALASKA: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BULLETIN 1004, 86 P.

  • Deposit

    MACKEVETT, E.M., AND HOLLOWAY, C.D., 1977, MAP SHOWING METALLIFEROUS AND SELECTED NON-METALLIFEROUS MINERAL DEPOSITS IN THE EASTERN PART OF SOUTHERN ALASKA: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OPEN-FILE REPORT 77-169-A, 99 P., 1 SHEET, SCALE 1:1,000,000.

  • Deposit

    COBB, E.H., 1979, SUMMARY OF REFERENCES TO MINERAL OCCURRENCES (OTHER THAN MINERAL FUELS AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS IN ANCHORAGE QUADRANGLE, ALASKA: U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OPEN-FILE REPORT 79-1095, 184 P.

  • Deposit

    BUNDTZEN, T.K., EAKINS, G.R., CLOUGH, J.G., LUECK, L.L., GREEN, C.B., ROBINSON, M.S., AND COLEMAN, D.A., 1984, ALASKA'S MINERAL INDUSTRY - 1983: ALASKA DIVISION OF GEOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL SURVEYS SPECIAL REPORT 33, 56 P.

  • Deposit

    STOLL, W.M., 1997, HUNTING FOR GOLD IN ALASKA'S TALKEETNA MOUNTAINS 1897-1951: GREENSBURG, PA, HENRY PRINTING, 301 P.

  • Other Database

    BAG-MF-409-14

  • Deposit

    Smith, P.S., 1941, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1939: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 926-A, p. 1-106.

  • Deposit

    Smith, P.S., 1933, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1931: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 844-A, p. 1-81.

  • Deposit

    Smith, P.S., 1930, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1928: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 813-A, p. 1-72.

  • Deposit

    Smith, P.S., 1939, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1938: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 917-A, p. 1-113.

  • Deposit

    MacKevett, E.M., Jr., and Holloway, C.D., 1977, Map showing metalliferous mineral deposits in the western part of southern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-169-F, 38 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:1,000,000.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1975, Tungsten occurrences in Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Investigations Resource Map MR-66, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Anchorage quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-409, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit THE PRINCIPAL VEIN MINED IS IN A SHEAR ZONE AS MUCH AS 25 FT WIDE IN LATE CRETACEOUS QUARTZ DIORITE OF THE WILLOW CREEK PLUTON. THE WILLOW CREEK PLUTON IS A ZONED PLUTON: THE OUTER PART CONSISTS OF HORNBLENDE QUARTZ DIORITE AND LESSER HORNBLENDE TONALITE; THE CORE CONSISTS OF HORNBLENDE-BIOTITE GRANODIORITE, AND LESSER HORNBLENDE-BIOTITE QUARTZ MONZODIORITE AND BIOTITE QUARTZ MONZONITE. QUARTZ IS PRESENT ALONG THE FOOT WALL AND HANGING WALL WHICH ARE SEPARATED BY SHEARED QUARTZ DIORITE, SOME OF WHICH IS ESSENTIALLY UNALTERED. THE VEIN STRIKES ABOUT N 10 W, AND DIPS 30 TO 42 W (RAY, 1933). NUMEROUS OTHER SHEAR ZONES ARE PRESENT AND ARE GENERALLY ABOUT 3 TO 4 FT WIDE. THESE CONTAIN RETICULATING QUARTZ VEINS AND MINERALIZED, ALTERED QUARTZ DIORITE (CHAPIN, 1920). WALL-ROCK ALTERATION IS INTENSE AND CONSISTS OF REPLACEMENT BY THE USUAL HYDROTHERMAL MINERALS IN THE DISTRICT - CHLORITE, PYRITE, SERICITE, ANKERITE, AND A LITTLE CALCITE (RAY, 1933). WORKINGS IN THE GOLD CORD MINE ARE
Deposit PROBABLY THE MOST DIFFICULT IN THE MINING DISTRICT. DUE TO THE RELATIVELY GREATER NUMBER AND ARRANGEMENT OF POST-MINERALIZATION FAULTS. THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THE FAULTS IS THE GOLD CORD FAULT, A MAJOR TRANSVERSE FAULT STRIKING N 65 W, AND DIPPING 80 TO 85 SW. THIS FAULT SYSTEM IS ABOUT 40 FEET WIDE ON THE 100 AND 400 LEVELS BUT IS 120 FEET WIDE ON THE 200 LEVEL OF THE MINE. THE FAULT MATERIAL IS MOSTLY COMMINUTED, STRONGLY ALTERED QUARTZ DIORITE. A NUMBER OF MINOR TRANSVERSE FAULTS ALSO CUT THE VEIN. THESE NORMAL FAULTS TREND NORTHWESTERLY AND DIP STEEPLY TO THE NORTHEAST; DISPLACEMENTS ARE GENERALLY LESS THAN 15 FEET. THE GEOLOGY IS FURTHER COMPLICATED BY SEVERAL NORMAL AND REVERSE FAULTS (RAY, 1954). THE PROPERTY NORTH OF THE GOLD CORD FAULT MAY PROVE FAVORABLE DUE TO THE ABSENCE OF ANY MAJOR FAULTS. ORE GRADE RANGED FROM ABOUT 0.1 TO 9 OZ/TON AU. MOST ASSAY VALUES WERE BETWEEN 0.75 AND 4 OZ/TON AU (CONVERTED FROM DOLLAR VALUES GIVEN IN RAY (1933)). DURING A 1984 U.S.
Deposit BUREAU OF MINES INVESTIGATION (KURTAK, 1986), A 1.8-FT-WIDE SAMPLE ACROSS A QUARTZ VEIN IN THE 4,900 FT ADIT (LATE 1940'S WORKINGS) CONTAINED 13 PPM GOLD (0.38 OZ/TON).
Deposit THE SITE HAS ALSO BEEN REFERENCED IN THE LITERATURE AS GOLDEN BEAR MINING CO. AND (GOLD CORD) MINING, MILLING, AND POWER CO.

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 01-JUL-1985 Leonard, Kenneth R. (Elliott, R. L.) U.S. Geological Survey ADRF AND MRDS MERGED RECORD
Updater 01-JUL-1998 Bickerstaff, Damon P. (Huss, S. W.) U.S. Geological Survey
Editor 21-JAN-2000 Mason, George U.S. Geological Survey