Boulder Creek

Past Producer in Alaska, United States with commodities Gold, Tin

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10001477
MRDS ID A012224
Record type Site
Current site name Boulder Creek
Related records 10160749

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -145.07293, 65.46973 (WGS84)
Relative position The site of the 1929 mining is in sec. 34, T. 8 N., R. 13 E, of the Fairbanks Meridian. Access is poor with no summer roads and only a winter tractor trail.
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Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska

Commodities

Commodity Importance
Gold Primary
Tin Primary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Cassiterite Ore
Gold Ore

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 119
USGS model code 39a
BC deposit profile C01. C02
Deposit model name Placer Au-PGE
Mark3 model number 54

Host and associated rocks

  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Unconsolidated Deposit > Gravel

Nearby scientific data

(1) -145.07293, 65.46973

Comments on the geologic information

  • Geologic Description = Boulder Creek, a tributary of Crooked Creek, is about 21 km long, and cuts quartzite schist and Tertiary granite before crossing the Hot Springs fault and entering the Tintina fault trench. The Tertiary granite is a light gray biotite monzogranite to syenogranite. Heavy-mineral concentrates from the granite contain 45% allanite, 15% chalcopyrite and smaller amounts of other minerals (Nelson and others, 1954). Fluorimetric tests on several other granite minerals indicated the presence of uranium (Nelson and others, 1954).? A pebble count of the creek gravel north of the Hot Springs fault indicates a composition of 50 percent quartzite, 27 percent quartz-mica schist, 17 percent quartz, and 6 percent granite (Yeend, 1991). Quartz and schist boulders in the creek are generally about 0.5 meters in diameter, and occasional boulders are up to 1 meter (Yeend, 1991). Gold is generally found in the lower 3.5 feet of the 8 feet of bench gravel (Mertie, 1932, p. 250). The valley near past mining operations is about 70 to 100 meters wide, with fan gravel common at the mouths of small side gulches. Miners have reported two types of gold in the gravel: fine, flaky gold and coarse, rough gold with adhering quartz (Yeend, 1991). Mining on the creek was restricted to the 2-km stretch downstream from Greenhorn Gulch (Yeend, 1991). Operations in 1975 closed down due to excessive amounts of cassiterite in sluice boxes (Menzie, 1983, p. 40).

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Past Producer
Commodity type Metallic

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Inactive

Mining district

District name Circle

Comments on the production information

  • Production Notes = Mining has been reported (see workings/exploration); however, amount of production is unknown.

Comments on the workings information

  • Workings / Exploration = It is uncertain when mining began on Boulder Creek. Hydraulic mining of the bench gravel occurred in the early 1930's with gold being found in the lower 3.5 feet of the 8 feet of bench gravel (Mertie, 1932). Mining on the creek was restricted to the 2-km stretch downstream from Greenhorn Gulch (Yeend, 1991). Operations in 1975 closed down due to excessive amounts of cassiterite in sluice boxes (Menzie, 1983, p. 40).

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A012224
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF CI008

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., 1918, Mineral resources of Alaska, 1916: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 662, 469 p.

  • Deposit

    Mertie, J.B., Jr., 1932, Mining in the Circle district: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 824, p. 155-172.

  • Deposit

    Mertie, J.B., Jr., 1938, Gold placers of the Fortymile, Eagle, and Circle districts, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 897-C, p. 133-261.

  • Deposit

    Nelson, A.E., West, W.S., and Matsko, J.J., 1954, Reconnaissance for radioactive deposits in eastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 348, 21 p.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Circle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Misc. Field Studies Map MF-391, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1976, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in the Circle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 76-633, 72 p.

  • Deposit

    Eberlein, G.D., Chapman, R.M., Foster, H.L., and Gassaway, J.S., 1977, Map and table describing known metalliferous and selected nonmetalliferous mineral deposits in central Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-168-D, 132 p., 1 map, scale 1:1,000,000.

  • Deposit

    Barker, J.C., 1979, Trace element study of the Circle mining district, Alaska: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report 57-79, 74 p.

  • Deposit

    Menzie, W.D., Foster, H.L., Tripp, R.B., and Yeend, W.E., 1983, Mineral resource assessment of the Circle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-170-B, 61 p., 1 sheet, 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Yeend, W.E., 1991, Gold placers of the Circle district, Alaska - past, present, and future: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1943, 42 p.

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = Yeend, 1991.

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit Model Name = Placer gold deposit (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a)

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 08-SEP-98 C.J. Freeman Avalon Development Corporation
Reporter 08-SEP-98 J.R. Guidetti Schaefer Avalon Development Corporation
Reporter 08-SEP-98 Clements, A.S. Avalon Development Corporation