Squaw Creek

Past Producer in Alaska, United States with commodity Gold

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10001488
MRDS ID A012234
Record type Site
Current site name Squaw Creek
Alternate or previous names Squaw Gulch
Related records 10281929

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -144.9118, 65.38779 (WGS84)
Relative position The location is the approximate midreach of Squaw creek. Squaw Creek is a tributary of Harrison Creek, which itself is a tributary of Birch Creek. Eberlein and others (1977) reported 'recent' placer mining at the junction of Harrison Creek and Squaw Creek.
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Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska


Commodity Importance
Gold Primary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Gold Ore

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 119
USGS model code 39a
BC deposit profile C01. C02
Deposit model name Placer Au-PGE
Mark3 model number 54

Host and associated rocks

  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Unconsolidated Deposit > Gravel

Nearby scientific data

(1) -144.9118, 65.38779

Comments on the geologic information

  • Geologic Description = Squaw Creek is underlain by quartzose porphyroblastic-albite-chlorite schist and chlorite schist - part of the Lower Schist unit described by Wiltse and others (1995).? the steep gradient of Squaw Creek results in a narrow flood plain, less than 30 meters wide, with coarse gravel and boulders as much as 1 meter in diameter (Yeend, 1991, p. 29). The coarse gold recovered included some one-ounce nuggets. Fine gold was rare, having been flushed into Harrison Creek where the gradient is lower. Values of 0.0125 to 0.0375 ounces per cubic yard were being recovered in 1981, just below the upper forks of Squaw Creek. Unmined gravel remains only in the uppermost Squaw Creek drainage where the gravel is very coarse (Yeend, 1991).

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Past Producer
Commodity type Metallic

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Inactive

Mining district

District name Circle

Comments on the production information

  • Production Notes = Values of 0.0125 to 0.0375 ounces per cubic yard were being recovered in 1981, just below the upper forks of Squaw Creek (Yeend, 1991).

Comments on the workings information

  • Workings / Exploration = Gold was discovered on Squaw Creek in 1894 (Brooks and others, 1907), but information about early mining on the creek has not been found. Considerable mining occurred on the creek in the late 1970's and early 1980's (Yeend, 1991).

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A012234
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF CI055

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Spurr, J.E., 1898, Geology of the Yukon gold district, Alaska, with an introductory chapter on the history and conditions of the district to 1897 by H.B. Goodrich: U.S. Geological Survey 18th Annual Report, Part 3, p. 87-392.

  • Deposit

    Dunham, S.C., 1898, The Alaskan gold fields and the opportunities they offer for capitol and labor: U.S. Department of Labor Bulletin No. 16, p. 297-425.

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., 1907, The Alaskan mining industry in 1906: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 314, p. 19-39.

  • Deposit

    Mertie, J.B., Jr., 1932, Mining in the Circle district: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 824, p. 155-172.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Circle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Misc. Field Studies Map MF-391, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1976, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in the Circle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 76-633, 72 p.

  • Deposit

    Menzie, W.D., Foster, H.L., Tripp, R.B., and Yeend, W.E., 1983, Mineral resource assessment of the Circle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-170-B, 61 p., 1 sheet, 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Yeend, W.E., 1991, Gold placers of the Circle district, Alaska - past, present, and future: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1943, 42 p.

  • Deposit

    Wiltse, M.A., Reger, R.D., Newberry, R.J, Pessel, G.H., Pinney, D.S., Robinson, M.S., and Solie, D.N., 1995, Bedrock geologic map of the Circle mining district, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys Report of Investigations 95-02b, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360.

  • Deposit

    Prindle, L.M., 1913, A geologic reconnaissance of the Circle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 538, 82 p.

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = Yeend, 1991.

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit Model Name = Placer gold deposit (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a)
Deposit Other Comments = Squaw Creek was originally named Squaw Gulch on early maps (Spurr, 1898, Dunham, 1898).

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 14-SEP-98 C.J. Freeman Avalon Development Corporation
Reporter 14-SEP-98 J.R. Guidetti Schaefer Avalon Development Corporation
Reporter 14-SEP-98 Clements, A.S. Avalon Development Corporation