Banner Creek

Past Producer in Alaska, United States with commodity Gold

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10001826
MRDS ID A012639
Record type Site
Current site name Banner Creek

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -164.32023, 64.82237 (WGS84)
Relative position Banner Creek is an east tributary to the Casadepaga River. The mouth of Banner Creek is 1.2 miles downstream from the site of the old Ruby roadhouse at an elevation of about 315 feet. This locality, on lower Banner Creek about 0.2 miles upstream from its mouth, is 72 of Cobb (1972, MF 445; 1978, OF 78-181).
(click for info)

Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska


Commodity Importance
Gold Primary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Gold Ore

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 119
USGS model code 39a
BC deposit profile C01. C02
Deposit model name Placer Au-PGE
Mark3 model number 54

Host and associated rocks

  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Unconsolidated Deposit > Gravel

Nearby scientific data

(1) -164.32023, 64.82237

Comments on the geologic information

  • Geologic Description = Small-scale placer mining apparently took place along most of this creek in the early history of the area (Smith, 1910). The gold was mostly coarse, had a fineness of 929, and was present in 8 to 10 feet of gravel but mostly concentrated on bedrock (Brooks and others, 1901). The creek was rich compared to others in the area; 4 men sluiced for 2.5 days in 1899 and recovered $400 or about 20 ounces of gold (Brooks and others, 1901). Bedrock in the lower part of the creek is Paleozoic marble but the headwaters are underlain by pelitic schist of possible Cambrian or Precambrian age (Till and others, 1986).
  • Age = Quaternary; the numerous incised terraces along the Casadepaga River and its major tributaries indicate that more than one cycle of erosion and deposition has developed placer deposits in the area. The low elevations between 170 and 270 feet along the first 11 miles of the river, suggest that Quaternary sea level fluctuations could have influenced placer development.

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Past Producer
Commodity type Metallic

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Probably inactive

Mining district

District name Council

Comments on the workings information

  • Workings / Exploration = Mined by small-scale hand methods by 1906. The creek was rich compared to others in the area; 4 men sluiced for 2.5 days in 1899 and recovered $400 or about 20 ounces of gold (Brooks and others, 1901).

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A012639
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF SO094

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., Richardson, G. B., and Collier, A. J., 1901, Reconnaissance in the Cape Nome and Norton Bay regions, Alaska, in 1900: U.S. Geological Survey Special Publication, p. 1-180.

  • Deposit

    Smith, P.S., 1910, Geology and mineral resources of the Solomon and Casadepaga quadrangles, Seward Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 433, 234 p.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic resources map of the Solomon quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-445, scale 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1978, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in the Solomon quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-181, 185 p.

  • Deposit

    Till, A.B., Dumoulin, J.A., Gamble, B. ., Kaufman, D.S., and Carroll, P.I., 1986, Preliminary geologic map and fossil data, Soloman, Bendeleben, and southern Kotzebue quadrangles, Seward Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-276, 10 p., 3 plates, scale 1:250,000.

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = Smith, 1910

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit Model Name = Placer Au-PGE (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a).

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 19-AUG-1999 Travis L. Hudson Applied Geology