Mountain Creek (Greenstone Creek)

Prospect in Alaska, United States with commodities Gold, Antimony, Tungsten

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10002013
MRDS ID A012858
Record type Site
Current site name Mountain Creek (Greenstone Creek)
Related records 10160094

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -165.65496, 64.694 (WGS84)
Relative position Mountain Creek is a north tributary of upper Oregon Creek (see NM146) in the northern part of section 22, T. 9 S., R. 35 W., Kateel River Meridian. The mouth of Oregon Creek is where the Nome-Teller road crosses Cripple River. Mountain Creek was apparently called Greenstone Creek by Herreid (1970); the name Mountain Creek is not used on current U.S. Geological Survey maps. This is locality 70 of Cobb (1972 [MF 463], 1978 [OFR 78-93]) and it is accurate to within about 500 feet.
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Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska


Commodity Importance
Gold Primary
Antimony Secondary
Tungsten Secondary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Gold Ore
Scheelite Ore
Stibnite Ore
Quartz Gangue

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 119
USGS model code 39a
BC deposit profile C01. C02
Deposit model name Placer Au-PGE
Mark3 model number 54

Host and associated rocks

  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Metamorphic Rock > Schist

Nearby scientific data

(1) -165.65496, 64.694

Comments on the geologic information

  • Geologic Description = A placer gold deposit was discovered before 1904 in Mountain Creek; rich values were reported in schist-bearing gravel (Collier and others, 1908), and some mining was done in the lower part of the creek. Kennecott Exploration Company found about 5,000 ppb gold in a pan concentrate collected at the confluence of Mountain and Oregon Creeks. A negligible amount of scheelite has also been reported from the creek (Coats, 1944). Mountain Creek contains boulders of quartz as much as 3 feet across containing 1 to 2 percent stibnite for at least 1,000 feet upstream from its mouth.? the lower part of Mountain Creek is in a chloritic schist; a massive metabasite body crops out a few hundred feet west of the mouth of the creek (Bundtzen and others, 1994). The east boundary of the metabasite unit probably is a northeast-trending high-angle fault, called the Aurora fault by Bundtzen and others (1994). Above an elevation of about 650 feet in the creek, one or both sides of the creek are in marble.
  • Age = Quaternary.

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Prospect
Commodity type Metallic

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Inactive

Mining district

District name Nome

Comments on the workings information

  • Workings / Exploration = Gold was discovered in this creek before 1901 (Brooks and others, 1901). Collier and others (1908, p. 214) reported plans to mine one claim in auriferous schist-bearing gravel in 1904.

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A012858
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF NM145

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., Richardson, G. B., and Collier, A. J., 1901, Reconnaissance in the Cape Nome and Norton Bay regions, Alaska, in 1900: U.S. Geological Survey Special Publication, p. 1-180.

  • Deposit

    Collier, A. J., Hess, F.L., Smith, P.S., and Brooks, A.H., 1908, The gold placers of parts of Seward Peninsula, Alaska, including the Nome, Council, Kougarok, Port Clarence, and Goodhope precincts: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 328, 343 p.

  • Deposit

    Herreid, G.H., 1970, Geology and geochemistry of the Sinuk area, Seward Peninsula, Alaska: Alaska Division of Mines and Minerals Geologic Report 36, 61 p., 3 sheets, scale 1:42,000.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Nome quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-463, 2 sheets, scale 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1978, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in the Nome quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File report 78-93, 213 p.

  • Deposit

    Bundtzen, T.K., Reger, R.D., Laird, G.M., Pinney, D.S., Clautice, K.H., Liss, S.A., and Cruse, G.R., 1994, Progress report on the geology and mineral resources of the Nome mining district: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, Public Data-File 94-39, 21 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:63,360.

  • Deposit

    Coats, R.R., 1944, Lode scheelite occurrences of the Nome area: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 17, 6 p.

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = This report

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit Model Name = Alluvial placer Au (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a).

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 12-MAR-00 Hawley, C.C. Hawley Resource Group
Reporter 12-MAR-00 Travis L. Hudson Hawley Resource Group