Unnamed (Astrolabe Peninsula)

Occurrence in Alaska, United States with commodities Iron, Titanium

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10002235
MRDS ID A013137
Record type Site
Current site name Unnamed (Astrolabe Peninsula)
Related records 10258321

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -136.89209, 58.35277 (WGS84)
Relative position A magnetite deposit crops out on the east side of the southernmost peak on the Astralobe Peninsula. The deposit is exposed from about 1200 to 1600 foot elevation. The coordinates are for the approximate center, as inferred from sample numbers 38-39 of Rossman (1963, B 1121-F). Another deposit, sample 34 of Rossman, is approximately 0.3 mile southwest of the southernmost peak at an elevation of about 1000 feet. The site is equivalent to location 73 of MacKevett and others (1971) and location 9 of Cobb (1972, MF-436). The Rossman 38-39 locations are about the same as those in Kimball and others (1978, fig. C35).
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Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska


Commodity Importance
Iron Primary
Titanium Primary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Ilmenite Ore
Magnetite Ore

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 5
USGS model code 3
Deposit model name Bushveld Fe-Ti-V

Host and associated rocks

  • Host or associated Associated
    Rock type Plutonic Rock > Mafic Intrusive Rock > Gabbro
    Rock unit name Astrolabe-Delangle Stock
    Rock description Astrolabe-Delangle Stock
  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Plutonic Rock > Mafic Intrusive Rock > Gabbro

Nearby scientific data

(1) -136.89209, 58.35277

Comments on the geologic information

  • Geologic Description = These iron-titanium occurrences are in the Astralobe-DeLangle stock, the southernmost of four layered mafic intrusives in the Fairweather Range in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve (Brew and others, 1978). The layered gabbro is mainly composed of plagioclase (An content of 55-70 percent), monoclinic and orthorhombic pyroxene, and olivine. Magnetite and ilmenite make up as much as 20 percent of some layers of the stock, and there are accessory amounts of apatite, sulfides, and graphite (Rossman, 1963, B 1121-F, p. F23-25, F44-45). Chemical analyses of four rocks typical of the stock are also given by Rossman (1963, table 2). Approximately 2000 feet of the stock is exposed without significant compositional variation (Rossman, 1963, p. F32).? the mineral occurrences exposed near the south peak of the Astralobe Peninsula are approximately central in the stock, assuming that the stock goes offshore at least as far south as Sugarloaf Island. Rossman (1963, p. F44-45) proposed that the magnetite-ilmenite rich layers were at the top or side of the stock, and that they occurred in approximately 1000 stratigraphic feet of the stock and extended through the mountain.? the deposit in the vicinity of samples of Rossman's (1963) 38-39 series contain as much as 12.5 weight percent ilmenite and 14 percent magnetite, as determined in mineral separates. The average content of 10 samples of the 38 series was approximately 8.3 weight percent magnetite and 3.6 weight percent ilmenite. Rossman believed that the deposit was very large.
  • Age = Tertiary.

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Occurrence
Commodity type Metallic

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Inactive

Mining district

District name Yakutat

Comments on the reserve resource information

  • Reserves = A resource exists based on Rossman's (1963) estimate of a 1000-foot thickness of the layered gabbro. Based on 1000 x 1000 x 500-foot (depth) and 10 cu-ft /ton , there is, conservatively, about 50 million tons of iron-titanium enriched gabbro at the upper site (samples in the 38-39 series of Rossman).

Comments on the workings information

  • Workings / Exploration = There are no mine workings, all data are from samples collected from natural exposures. At Rossman's (1963) location 38, magnetite averages 8.3 percent and ilmenite (nine of ten samples) averages 3.6 percent. The rock at nearby sample site 34 contains as much as 13.5 percent magnetite; two of four samples average 2 percent ilmenite. Maximum magnetite content at the 34 site is 22 percent; maximum ilmenite is 12.5 percent (Rossman,1963, table 8, p. F45).

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A013137
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF MF012

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Rossman, Darwin, 1963, Geology and petrology of two stocks of layered gabbro in the Fairweather Range, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1121-F, p. F1-F50.

  • Deposit

    MacKevett, E.M., Jr., Brew, D.A., Hawley, C.C., Huff, L.C., and Smith, J.G., 1971, Mineral resources of Glacier Bay National Monument, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 632, 90 p., 12 plates, scale 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Brew, D.A., Johnson, B.R., Grybeck, D., Griscom, A., Barnes, D.F., Kimball, A.L., Still, J.C., and Rataj, J.L., 1978, Mineral resources of the Glacier Bay National Monument Wilderness Study Area, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-494, 670 p.

  • Deposit

    Kimball, A.L., Still, J.C., and Rataj, J.L., 1978, Mineral resources, in Brew, D. A., and others, Mineral resources of the Glacier Bay National Monument wilderness study area, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-494, p. C1-C375.

  • Deposit

    Foley, J.Y., Light, T.D., Nelson, S.W., and Harris, R.A., 1997, Mineral occurrences associated with mafic-ultramafic and related alkaline complexes in Alaska: Economic Geology, Monograph 9, p. 396-449.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Mount Fairweather quadrangle, AK: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Study Map MF-436, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = Rossman, 1963 (B 1121-F)

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit Model Name = Similar to Bushveld Fe-Ti-V (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 3). Magmatic segregations in synorogenic layered mafic igneous intrusive of Tertiary age (Foley and others. 1997).
Deposit Other Comments = Chugach terrane. The iron and titanium rich sites are in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve.

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 05-APR-99 Hawley, C.C. Hawley Resource Group