Billy Sunday

Past Producer in Alaska, United States with commodities Gold, Lead, Antimony, Zinc

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10002807
MRDS ID A015278
Record type Site
Current site name Billy Sunday
Alternate or previous names Leah Fraction, Smith and McGlone, Smith and McGonnigle, Smith Bros.

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -147.99989, 64.8666 (WGS84)
Relative position The Billy Sunday mine is located in the SE1/4SW1/4 sec. 32, T. 1 N., R. 2 W., Fairbanks Meridian. This mine is at the head of the south fork of Saint Patrick Creek, on the southeast side of Ester Dome at an elevation of about 1,250 feet. It is about 2 miles east-southeast of the top of Ester Dome. The Billy Sunday mine is a patented fractional claim, containing about 7.33 acres (Hill, 1933, p. 139). The mine is included in locality 18 of Cobb (1972 [MF 410]).
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Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska


Commodity Importance
Gold Primary
Lead Secondary
Antimony Secondary
Zinc Secondary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Arsenopyrite Ore
Cervantite Ore
Galena Ore
Gold Ore
Sphalerite Ore
Stibnite Ore

Host and associated rocks

  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Metamorphic Rock > Schist

Nearby scientific data

(1) -147.99989, 64.8666

Comments on the geologic information

  • Geologic Description = A gold-bearing quartz vein, 2 to 3 feet thick, lies within and parallel to a 3- to 11-foot-wide mineralized zone (Mertie, 1917, p. 412-413). The quartz is broken and shattered and contains stibnite and a little sphalerite. Shattered rock next to the quartz vein is filled with gold-quartz stringers. The schist near the veins contains gold, cervantite, stibnite, and arsenopyrite, with some galena (Chapin, 1919; Hill, 1933; Chapman and Foster, 1969). The quartz vein, known as the Leah fraction, is oriented N. 45 E., 55 SE. By 1918, work on the Leah fraction consisted of a 95-foot shaft (Mertie, 1917). On the Billy Sunday fraction, the vein strikes N. 25 E. and dips 70 SE. to nearly vertical; it is 3 feet wide at the surface and widens downward (Chapin, 1919). Ore was mined from 1918 to 1923; the total production was 1,900 tons of ore mined from stopes above the 120-foot level (Hill, 1933).

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Past Producer
Commodity type Metallic

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Inactive

Mining district

District name Fairbanks

Comments on the production information

  • Production Notes = Ore was mined from 1918 to 1923, and production totaled $50,000 (about 2,419 ounces of gold) from 1,900 tons of ore mined from stopes mainly above the 120-foot level (Hill, 1933).

Comments on the workings information

  • Workings / Exploration = In 1931, development consisted of an inclined shaft with crosscuts at the 25-foot, 60-foot, 120-foot, and 200-foot levels (Hill, 1933, p. 141).

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A015278
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF FB064

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Mertie, J.B. Jr., 1917, Lode mining in the Fairbanks District, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 662-H, p. 403-424.

  • Deposit

    Chapin, Theodore, 1919, Mining in the Fairbanks district: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 692-F, p. 321-327.

  • Deposit

    Martin, G.C., 1920, The Alaska mining industry in 1918: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 712-A, p. 1-52.

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., and Martin, G. C. 1921, The Alaska mining industry in 1919: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 714, p. 59-95.

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., 1922, The Alaska mining industry in 1920: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 722-A, p. 1-74.

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., 1923, The Alaska mining industry in 1921: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 739, p. 1-50.

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H. and Capps, S.R., 1924, Mineral industry in Alaska, 1922: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 755, p. 1-56.

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., 1925, Alaska's mineral resources and production, 1923: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 773, p. 3-52.

  • Deposit

    Hill, J.M., 1933, Lode deposits of the Fairbanks District, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 849-B, p. 29-163.

  • Deposit

    Killeen, P.L., and Mertie, J.B., 1951, Antimony ore in the Fairbanks District, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 51-46, 43 p.

  • Deposit

    Chapman, R.M., and Foster, R.L., 1969, Lode mines and prospects in the Fairbanks district, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 625-D, 25 p., 1 plate.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Fairbanks quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-410, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1976, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in the Fairbanks quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 76-662, 174 p.

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = Hill, 1933

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit Model Name = Schist-hosted gold-quartz vein

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 31-JUL-2001 J.R. Guidetti Schaefer Avalon Development Corporation
Reporter 31-JUL-2001 C.J. Freeman Avalon Development Corporation