Red Dog mine

Producer in Alaska, United States with commodities Silver, Lead, Zinc, Barium-Barite, Copper, Gold, Barium-Barite

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10003157
MRDS ID A015690
Record type Deposit
Current site name Red Dog mine
Alternate or previous names Qanaiyaq (Hilltop), Aqqaluk, Paalaaq, Main

Comments on the site identification

  • Claims names - Mac 5546-5553, Mac 5646-5653, Mac 5336-5353, Mac 5246-5253, Mac 5446-5453

Geographic coordinates

Point of reference Centroid
Geographic coordinates: -162.83, 68.07 (WGS84)
Elevation 270
Location accuracy 100(meters)
Relative position This record describes the Main Red Dog deposit, and the nearby Qanaiyaq (Hilltop), Aqqaluk, and Paalaaq deposits. The Main deposit is centered two miles northwest of Deadlock Mountain in section 20, T. 31 N., R. 18 W., of the Kateel River Meridian. The Qanaiyaq deposit is 700m (edge to edge) south of the Main deposit in section 29, T. 31 N., R. 18 W. Aqqaluk is adjacent to the Main deposit on the north side, and Paalaaq is adjacent to Aqqaluk on its northeast side, in sections 20, 17, T. 31 N., R. 18 W.
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Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska

Public Land Survey System information

Meridian Township Range Section Fraction State
Kateel River 031 N 018 W 17, 20, 29 Alaska

Commodities

Commodity Importance
Silver Primary
Lead Primary
Zinc Primary
Barium-Barite Tertiary
Copper Tertiary
Gold Tertiary
Barium-Barite Secondary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Barite Ore
Boulangerite Ore
Galena Ore
Marcasite Ore
Polybasite Ore
Pyrite Ore
Sphalerite Ore
Tetrahedrite Ore
Chalcopyrite Ore
Polybasite Ore
Quartz Gangue

Alteration

  • (Local) Silicification of host black shale.Silicification of host mudstone.

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 208
USGS model code 31a
BC deposit profile E14
Deposit model name Sedimentary exhalative Zn-Pb
Mark3 model number 13

Host and associated rocks

  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Sedimentary Rock > Clastic Sedimentary Rock > Shale > Black Shale
    Rock unit name Kuna Formation
    Rock description Kuna Formation;Kuna Formation
  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Sedimentary Rock > Chemical Sediment > Chert
    Rock unit name Kuna Formation

Nearby scientific data

Centroid (1) -162.83, 68.07

Geologic structures

Type of structure Regional
Structural terms Thrust faulting important

Ore body information

  • Thickness 86M
    Depth to top 10M
    Width 305M
    Length 853M
    Area 336HA
    Field Value
    MAS Matrix # 1
    MAS Column # 1
    Type of Orebody #1 STRATABOUND
    Shape of Orebody #1 TABULAR
    Type of Orebody #2 BRECCIA FILL
    Shape of Orebody #2 LENTICULAR
    Type of Orebody #3 DISSEMINATED
    Shape of Orebody #3 MASSIVE
    Primary mode of Origin subseafloor replacement
    Primary Ore Control LITHOLOGY
    Secondary Ore Control BEDDING
    Degree of Wallrock Alter. moderate
    Type of Wallrock Alter. #1 SILICIFICATION
    Avg. Thick. Unconsol. Mat. 10
    Total Surface Area (HA) 336
    Date of Last Modification 970519
  • General form TABULAR
    Dip NEARLY FLAT LYING
    Thickness 30M
    Depth to top 0M
    Width 425M
    Length 1340M

Controls for ore emplacement

  • stratabound:

Comments on the geologic information

  • The DeLong Mountains are characterized by stacked and folded, thrust allochthons. The structurally lower allochthons are composed of Devonian through Cretaceous clastic and chemical sedimentary rocks. The two uppermost allochthons contain Jurassic or older mafic and ultramafic igneous sequences. Minor igneous rocks of basic composition are exposed 0.6 mile northeast of Red Dog (Kulas, 1992). The Red Dog deposit complex comprises multiple, superimposed thrust fault slices of stratabound, massive sulfides and barren mudstones. It occurs in black, siliceous shale and chert of the Mississippian to Pennsylvanian Kuna Formation. The Kivalina unit, an interbedded calcarenite and calcareous shale, is the footwall of the deposit. Most Zn-Pb mineralization formed by subseafloor replacement of syngenetic barite, together with lesser planar veins in the shallow footwall. Only a small portion of the Zn-Pb ore is truly syngenitic (Kelley et al., 2004a, b). Silicification occurs within and peripheral to the main mass of sulfides. A barite facies is concentrated toward the top and periphery of the deposit. Major sulfides in decreasing order of abundance are sphalerite, pyrite, marcasite, and galena. Rare disseminated chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite occur in sphalerite. The ore textures are massive, fragmental, chaotic, and veined; they rarely show typical sedimentary layering. The upper portion of the ore body is oxidized. The deposit is weakly enriched upward in lead relative to zinc. The Main deposit is composed of two major mineralized thrust fault slices and one lesser mineralized fault slice. It extends 1,600 meters in a northwest direction and varies in width from 150 to 975 meters. High-grade portions of the deposit are 135 meters thick. The base of the Main deposit is a tectonic melange zone which separates it from the Cretaceous Okpikruak Formation. The Qanaiyaq (Hilltop) occurrence is a flat-lying klippe of the same ore body as the Main deposit (Moore and others, 1986). The mineralized zone is 490 meters long by 245 meters wide and the mineralized package is less than 100 meters thick. The mineral assemblage is similar to that at the Main deposit except that copper sulfides occur at Qanaiyaq (Hilltop). Significant amounts of chalcopyrite, covellite, and bornite occur locally. The deposit contains 0.3% Cu, along with gold values of about 1 gram per ton. The presence of copper and gold may indicate that this deposit formed near a vent (Kulas, 1992). The Aqqaluk deposit was discovered during a drilling program in 1995. The ore is similar to that at the Main deposit. Sphalerite and galena occur in silica rock, barite and shale. Sulfides are disseminated, semi-massive to massive, and rarely laminated. Late crosscutting sulfide veins and stringers occur in the host shale and occasionally in the mineralized rock.(Phelps, 1998). The Paalaaq deposit is the newest and deepest exploration target in the Red Dog complex.
  • Age = Mississippian to Permian.

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Operation type Surface-Underground
Development status Producer
Commodity type Both metallic and non-metallic
Significant Yes
Discovery year 1968
Discoverer I.L. (Irv) Tailleur, USGS, and Bob Baker, aviator
Discovery method Geochemical Anomaly
Mining method Open Pit
Year of first production 1989
Production years 1989 to present
Plant type Beneficiation (Mill)
Plant subcategory Flotation
Milling method Flotation

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Active

Mining district

District name Lisburne

Mineral rights holdings

Type of mineral rights Fee Ownership

Land status

Ownership category Private

Ownership information

  • Type Operator
    Owner Teck Cominco (now Teck Resources)
    Year 1992
  • Type Owner
    Owner Nana Regional Corp.
    Interest 100
    Home office Alaska
    Year 1980

Production statistics

  • Year 1990
    Material Zn, Pb, ISF (Imperial Smelting Furnace) concentrates shipped
    Best? Y
    Importance Item Commodity Group Amount recovered Grade Recovery percentage
    Major ZnPb concentrates Zinc Zinc 290,299mt
  • Year 1991
    Material Zn, Pb, and ISF (Imperial Smelter Furnace) concentrates shipped
    Best? Y
    Importance Item Commodity Group Amount recovered Grade Recovery percentage
    Primary ZnPb concentrates Zinc Zinc 473,551mt
  • Year 1992
    Material Zn, Pb, and ISF (Imperial Smelter Furnace) concentrates shipped
    Best? Y
    Importance Item Commodity Group Amount recovered Grade Recovery percentage
    Primary ZnPb concentrates Zinc Zinc 430,800mt

Comments on the production information

  • 2009 Red Dog produced a record 582,500 mt Zn and 131,500 mt Pb. Main orebody expected to be exhausted by mid 2011. Expecting formal approval for Aqqaluk deposit which would maintain production at current levels until 2031. 1999 The mine processed 2.5 million metric tons of ore which produced 100,000 metric tons of lead and 650,000 metric tons of zinc concentrate. After the 1999 expansion program, the mine was projected to produce 175,000 metric tons of lead and 975,000 metric tons of zinc concentrate from 3.2 million metric tons of ore (Phelps, 1998). Stripping ratio less than 1:1. 1997 Production was 3.1 million metric tons ore.

Reserves and resources

  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1986
    Demonstrated 77,000,000mt ore
    Indicated 77,000,000mt ore
    Total resources 77,000,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Zinc Zn 17.1 wt-pct Zinc Major 1986
    Lead Pb 5 wt-pct Lead Major 1986
    Silver Ag 75 g/mt Silver Major 1986
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1992
    Inferred 14,500,000mt ore
    Demonstrated 57,600,000mt ore
    Measured 57,600,000mt ore
    Total resources 75,000,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Zinc Zn 18.5 wt-pct Zinc Major 1992
    Lead Pb 5.4 wt-pct Lead Major 1992
    Silver Ag 82 g/mt Silver Major 1992
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1995
    Inferred 76,000,000mt ore
    Total resources 76,000,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Zinc Zn 13.7 wt-pct Zinc Major 1995
    Lead Pb 3.6 wt-pct Lead Major 1995
    Silver Ag 66 g/mt Silver Major 1995
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1995
    Total resources 128,200,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Zinc Zn 17.13 wt-pct Zinc Major 1995
    Lead Pb 4.61 wt-pct Lead Major 1995
    Silver Ag 86 g/mt Silver Major 1995
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1996
    Inferred 9,600,000mt ore
    Total resources 9,600,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Zinc Zn 17.8 wt-pct Zinc Major 1996
    Lead Pb 5.5 wt-pct Lead Major 1996
    Silver Ag 117 g/mt Silver Major 1996
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1996
    Inferred 7,000,000mt ore
    Total resources 7,000,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Zinc Zn 16 wt-pct Zinc Major 1996
    Lead Pb 3 wt-pct Lead Major 1996
    Silver Ag 100 g/mt Silver Major 1996
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1996
    Inferred 76,000,000mt ore
    Total resources 76,000,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Zinc Zn 13.7 wt-pct Zinc Major 1996
    Lead Pb 3.6 wt-pct Lead Major 1996
    Silver Ag 66 g/mt Silver Major 1996
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1996
    Inferred 76,000,000mt ore
    Total resources 76,000,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Zinc Zn 13.7 wt-pct Zinc Major 1996
    Lead Pb 3.6 wt-pct Lead Major 1996
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1996
    Inferred 76,000,000mt ore
    Demonstrated 50,100,000mt ore
    Total resources 126,100,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Zinc Zn 16.02 wt-pct Zinc Major 1996
    Lead Pb 4.28 wt-pct Lead Major 1996
    Silver Ag 79.6 g/mt Silver Major 1996
  • Type In-situ
    Name Red Dog Main, Qanaiyaq, Aqqaluk, and Paalaaq
    Estimate year 2002
    Total resources 140,600,000mt
    Remarks Jennings and King, 2002
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Lead 4.6 wt-pct Lead Primary 2002
    Zinc 16.6 wt-pct Zinc Primary 2002
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 2008
    Proved 9,200,000mt
    Remarks Teck Annual Information Form, March 13, 2009, P. 36. CIM definitions.
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Lead 5.4 wt-pct Lead Primary 2008
    Zinc 20 wt-pct Zinc Primary 2008
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 2008
    Probable 52,200,000MT
    Remarks Teck Annual Information Form March 13, 2009, P. 36. CIM definitions.
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Lead 4.4 wt-pct Lead Primary 2008
    Zinc 16.6 wt-pct Zinc Primary 2008
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 2008
    Reserves 61,400,000mt
    Remarks Teck Annual Information Form March 13, 2009, P. 36. CIM definitions.
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Lead 4.5 wt-pct Lead Primary 2008
    Zinc 17.1 wt-pct Zinc Primary 2008
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 2008
    Indicated 5,900,000MT
    Remarks Teck Annual Information Form March 13, 2009, P. 38. CIM definitions.
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Lead 6.6 wt-pct Lead Primary 2008
    Zinc 20 wt-pct Zinc Primary 2008
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 2008
    Inferred 3,100,000MT
    Remarks Teck Annual Information Form March 13, 2009, P. 38. CIM definitions.
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Lead 4 wt-pct Lead Primary 2008
    Zinc 11 wt-pct Zinc Primary 2008

Comments on the reserve resource information

  • 1998 Reserves total 146 million metric tons grading 16.1% zinc, 4.3% lead and 2.6 ounces silver per metric ton. Specifically, the Main deposit contains indicated reserves of 50.6 million metric tons grading 19.5 % Zn, 5.2% Pb and 3 ounces silver per ton. The Aqqaluk has inferred reserves of 72.9 million metric tons grading 13.7% Zn, 3.6% Pb and 2 ounces silver per ton. The reddogalaska.com website states it as 51.6 Mt reserves at 16.7% Zn, 4.4% Pb. Qanaiyaq (Hilltop) holds probable reserves of 9.6 million tons grading 17.8% Zn, 5.5 % Pb and 3.6 ounces silver per ton. Paalaaq has possible underground resources of 13 million tons grading 15% Zn, 4.3% Pb and 2.8 ounces silver per ton. 1989 The Main Red Dog ore body reserves were 85 million short tons of ore grading 17.1% zinc, 5.6% lead and 2.2 ounces of silver per ton.
  • 86 BROOK-HUNT & ILZSG DATA/PAH REPORT.
  • 2008 reserves notes: Reserve changes at Red Dog are consistent with normal mining depletion. Mine production removed 3 million tonnes of reserves from the main pit in 2008. Proven reserves have been drill defined at 30 metre centres, probable reserves at 60 metre centres and indicated resources at greater than 60 metre centres. All mineral reserves and indicated resources are mineable by open pit methods and assume a US$0.75/lb zinc and US$0.40/lb lead price.

Workings at the site

  • Type of workings Surface
    Area 26HA
    Field Value
    MAS Development Schedule # 1
    Mining Record # 1
    Status of Mining Method ACTUAL
    Mining Method OPEN PIT
    Swell Factor .33
    Percent Waste Rock 50
    Avg. Overburden Thickness 10
    Primary Material Cover M-HARD ROCKS
    Hardness of Ore M-HARD ROCKS
    Avg. Bench Height (meters) 7.6
    Max. Pit Slope (degrees) 35
    Capacity 5443
    Capacity Units MT ORE/DAY
    Preprod. Stripping Vol. 460
    Unit Production Cost 8.32
    Units of Production $/MT ORE
    Operating Days per Year 365
    Operating Shifts per Day 2
    Year of Information 1992

Comments on the workings information

  • The first reported visit to the Red Dog area was in 1968 by the U.S. Geological Survey. In 1975, the U.S. Bureau of Mines conducted a mineral examination of the Red Dog site. Active exploration of the site and adjacent area began in 1975 and the first claims were staked in 1978. In 1980, Cominco Alaska drilled 9 holes that totaled 915 meters, to determine the size of the deposit. Geologic mapping at a scale of 1:12000 was done in the region from 1977 to 1984. The Red Dog deposit was mapped at a scale of 1:2400 in 1982 and 83. One hundred core holes were drilled from 1981 to 1984 for a total of 9800 meters. This provided a 30-meter drill spacing for the first five years of production. It also provided information for metallurgical testing. Geophysical methods used at Red Dog include CS-ATM, Input, Induced Polarization, and Gravity (Young, 1989). An open pit mine and associated facilities were designed and constructed; the first ore was processed by the mill in late 1989.
  • Mining at the Main deposit is by open pit with a stripping ratio of 1:1. Paalaak will likely be underground.

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A015690
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF DL001
U.S. Bureau of Mines Minerals Availability System MAS 0020180002 MRDS dep_id 10257834 merged into 10003157.
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A000933 MRDS dep_id 10257834 merged into 10003157.
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A010668 MRDS dep_id 10000485 merged into 10003157.

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Tailleur, I.L., 1970, Lead, zinc and barite-bearing samples from the western Brooks Range, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 70-319, 16 p.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the DeLong Mountains quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF 404, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1975, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in northern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 75-628, 106 p.

  • Deposit

    Tailleur, I.L., Ellersieck, I., and Mayfield, C.F., 1977, Mineral resources of the western Brooks range: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 751-B.

  • Deposit

    Grybeck, D.J., 1977, Known mineral deposits of the Brooks Range, Alaska: US Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-166C, 41 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:1,000,000.

  • Deposit

    Bundtzen, T.K., and Henning, M.W., 1978, Barite in Alaska: Mines and Geology Bulletin, v. 27, no. 4, p. 1-4.

  • Deposit

    Degenhart, C.E., Griffis, R.J., McQuat, J.F., and Bigelow, C.G., 1978, Mineral studies of the western Brooks Range performed under contract to the U.S. Bureau of Mines, Contract #JO155089: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report 103-78, 529 p., 11 sheets.

  • Deposit

    Grybeck, D.J., and De Young, J.H., 1978, Map and tables describing mineral resource potential of the Brooks Range, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-1-B, 19 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:1,000,000.

  • Deposit

    Plahuta, J.T., 1978, Geologic map and cross section of the Red Dog prospect, DeLong Mountains, northwestern Alaska: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report 65-78, 11 p.

  • Deposit

    Grybeck, D.J., and Nokleberg, W.J., 1979, Metallogeny of the Brooks Range, Alaska, in Johnson, K.M., and Williams, J.R., Jr., The United States Geological Survey in Alaska: Accomplishments during 1978: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 804-B.

  • Deposit

    Mayfield, C.F., Curtis, S.M., Ellersieck, I., and Tailleur, I.L., 1979, The Ginny Creek zinc-lead-silver and Nimiuktuk barite deposits, northwestern Brooks Range, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 804B.

  • Deposit

    Lange, I.M., Nokleberg, W.J., Plahuta, J.T., Krouse, H.R., and Doe, B.R., 1985, Geologic setting, petrology, and geochemistry of stratiform sphalerite-galena-barite deposits, Red Dog Creek and Drenchwater Creek areas, northwestern Brooks Range, Alaska: Economic Geology, v. 80.

  • Deposit

    Moore, D.W., Young, L.E., Modene, J.S., and Plahuta, J.T., 1986, Geologic setting and genesis of the Red Dog zinc-lead deposit, western Brooks Range, Alaska: Economic Geology, v. 81.

  • Deposit

    Young, L.E. and Moore, D.W., 1987, Geologic setting, petrology, and geochemistry of stratiform sphalerite-galena-barite deposits, Red Dog Creek and Drenchwater Creek areas, northwestern Brooks Range-A discussion: Economic Geology, v. 82.

  • Deposit

    Schmidt, J.M. and Zierenberg, R.A., 1988, Reconstruction of primary features and isotopic evidence for multiple sulfur sources at the Red Dog zinc-lead-silver deposit, Noatak district, Alaska: in K.S. Schindler, ed., U. S. Geological Survey Research on Mineral Resources-1989 Program and Abstracts, fifth Annual V.E. McKelvey Forum on Mineral and Energy Resources: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1035.

  • Deposit

    Young, L.E., 1989, Geology and genesis of the Red Dog deposit, western Brooks Range, Alaska: Canadian Institute of Mining Bulletin, v. 82.

  • Deposit

    Kulas, J.E., 1992, Geology of the Red Dog Mine, Western Brooks Range, Alaska: Society of Mining Engineers Annual Meeting, February, 1992, Phoenix, AZ, reprint # 92-70, 10 p.

  • Deposit

    Phelps, R., 1998, Leader of the Pack, Red Dog Mine 'Grows Up': Engineering and Mining Journal, v. 199.

  • Deposit

    Cominco Alaska Staff, 1998, Red Dog Facts 1990-1998: NANA Regional Corp and Cominco, 15 p. (Report held by NANA Regional Corporation, Anchorage, Alaska).

  • Deposit

    Jennings, S., and King, A.R., 2002, Geology, exploration history and future discoveries in the Red Dog district, western Brooks Range, Alaska: Hobart, University of Tasmania Centre for Ore Deposit Research Special Publication 4.

  • Deposit

    Kelley, K.D., Dumoulin, J.A., and Jennings, S., 2004a, The Anarraaq Zn- Pb-Ag and barite deposit, northern Alaska: Evidence for replacement of carbonate by barite and sulfides: Economic Geology, v. 99.

  • Deposit

    Kelley, K.D., Leach, D.L., Johnson, C.A., Clark, J.L., Fayek, M., Slack, J.F., Anderson, V.M., Ayuso, R.A., and Ridley, W.I., 2004b, Textural, compositional, and sulfur isotope variations of sulfide minerals in the Red Dog Zn-Pb-Ag deposits, Brooks Range, Alaska: Implications for ore formation: Economic Geology, v. 99.

  • Deposit

    Morelli, R.M., Creaser, R.A., Selby, D., Kelley, K.D., Leach, D.L., and King, A.R., 2004, Re-Os sulfide geochronology of the Red Dog sediment-hosted Zn-Pb-Ag deposit, Brooks Range, Alaska: Economic Geology, v. 99.

  • Deposit

    Slack, J.F., Kelley, K.D., Anderson, V.M., Clark, J.L., and Ayuso, R.A., 2004, Multistage hydrothermal silicification and Fe-Tl-As-Sb-Ge-REE enrichment in the Red Dog Zn-Pb-Ag district, northern Alaska: Geochemistry, origin, and exploration applications: Economic Geology, v. 99.

  • Deposit

    Leach, D., Sangster, D., Kelley, K., Large, R.R., Garven, G., Allen, C., Gutzmer, J., and Walters, S., 2005, Sediment-hosted lead-zinc deposits: A global perspective. Economic Geology, 100th Aniversary Volume. pp. 561-607. Also Appendices A, B, C, D, E, and Supplement

  • Reserve-Resource

    Swainbank, R.C., Bundtzen, T.K., Clough, A.H., Hansen, E.W., and Nelson, M.G., 1993, Alaska's mineral industry 1992: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Special Report 47, 80 p.

  • Reserve-Resource

    Eakins, G.R., Bundtzen, T.K., Lueck, L.L., Green, C.B., Gallagher, J.L., and Robinson, M.S., 1985, Alaska's mineral industry 1984: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Special Report 38, 57 p.

  • Reserve-Resource

    Bundtzen, T.K., Eakins, G.R., Green, C.B., and Lueck, L.L., 1986, Alaska's mineral industry 1985: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Special Report 39, 68 p.

  • Reserve-Resource

    COMINCO LTD. 1993 ANNUAL REPORT.

  • Reserve-Resource

    COMINCO LTD. 1995 ANNUAL REPORT.

  • Reserve-Resource

    THE MINING RECORD, VOL., 107 #44, OCT., 30, 1996.

  • Deposit

    N MINER 820225 p. 1

  • Deposit

    OF445 (OPEN FILE?)

  • Deposit

    Jansons, U., and Bottge, R.G., 1977, Economic Mining Feasibility of Selected Minera Deposit Types in the Western Brooks Range, Alaska. USBM Open File Report 128-77. 96p.

  • Deposit

    Plahuta, J. P., Geologic Map and Cross Sections of the Red Dog Prospect, De Long Mountains, Northwestern Alaska. US Bureau of Mines Open File Report 65-78. 11 p.

  • Deposit

    AMR 81-82 p. 9

  • Deposit

    MTA 82 No. A-7

  • Deposit

    Eakins, G.R., Bundtzen, T.K., Robinson, M.S., Clough, J.G., Green, C.B., Clautice, K.H., and Albanese, M.D., 1983, Alaska's mineral industry 1982: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Special Report 31, 68 p.

  • Deposit

    Bundtzen, T.K., Eakins, G.R., Clough, J.G., Lueck, L.L., Green, C.B., Robinson, M.S., and Coleman, D.A., 1984, Alaska's mineral industry 1983: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Special Report 33, 56 p.

  • Deposit

    Eakins, G.R., Bundtzen, T.K., Lueck, L.L., Green, C.B., Gallagher, J.L., and Robinson, M.S., 1985, Alaska's mineral industry 1984: Alaska Division of Geological & Geophysical Surveys Special Report 38, 57 p.

  • Deposit

    MINING ENGINEERING, DECEMBER 1986.

  • Deposit

    COMINCO ALASKA'S "1990 RED DOG FACTS" PAMPHLET.

  • Deposit

    RED DOG PROJECT NOTES.

  • Deposit

    MINING ENGINEERING, DECEMBER 1988.

  • Deposit

    JULY 1990 RED DOG FACTS OVERVIEW, COMINCO ALASKA.

  • Deposit

    MINING ENGINEERING, JANUARY 1992.

  • Deposit

    CRU ZINC MONITOR-SEPTEMBER 1996.

  • Deposit

    THE MINING RECORD, V107, #44, OCT. 30, 1996.

  • Deposit

    Canadian Mining Journal, May 1983.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., Mayfield, C.F., and Brosge, W.P., 1981, Summaries of data on and lists of references to metallic and selected nonmetallic mineral occurrences in Arctic, Baird Mts., Chandler Lake, De Long Mts., Demarcation Pt., Howard Pass, Misheguk Mtn., Mt. Michelson, Noatak, Point Lay, and Table Mtn. quadrangles: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 81-767-A, 24 p.

  • Deposit

    Mayfield, C. F., Curtis, S. M., Ellersieck, I. F., and Tailleur, I. L., 1979, Reconnaissance geology of the Ginny Creek zinc-lead-silver and Nimiuktuk barite deposits, northwestern Brooks Range, Alaska. US Geological Survey Open File Report 79-1092

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = Young, 1989; Kulas, 1992; Phelps, 1998

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit When considered as a single deposit, the Red Dog Main, Qanaiyaq (Hilltop), Aqqaluk, and Paalaak orebodies constitute the world's second or third largest lead-zinc deposit, exceeded only by Broken Hill, Australia and perhaps Howards Pass, Canada. Red Dog annual zinc production is the largest in the world (2002) and often accounts for 80% of US zinc production. Red Dog went into production in 1990 at 3,000 metric tons per day. In 1999, reserves and mining plans gave it a 50+ year mine life.

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 01-MAY-84 Elliott, R. L. U.S. Geological Survey
Editor 13-APR-94 Mosier, Dan U.S. Geological Survey
Reporter 25-JUL-97 Buckingham, David A. U.S. Bureau of Mines MAS_ID 0020180002
Reporter 21-DEC-99 Williams, Anita (Travis L. Hudson, Applied Geology, Inc.) U.S. Geological Survey
Editor 12-MAR-10 Schruben, Paul (Lipin, B. and Slack, J.F.) U.S. Geological Survey Blended duplicate records and new internet sources.