Billie Mine

Producer in Inyo county in California, United States with commodity Boron-Borates

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10023294
MRDS ID I000126
Record type Site
Current site name Billie Mine
Alternate or previous names Billie I, Billie Ii, Ryan

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -116.68477, 36.34165 (WGS84)
Location accuracy 2000(meters)
Relative position IN DEATH VALLEY ADJACENT TO DANTES VIEW ROAD AND ABOUT 1.5 MILES NNW OF RYAN., Estimated Location, Probably Within 1 Minute Of Correct Location.
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Geographic areas

Country State County
United States California Inyo

Public Land Survey System information

Meridian Township Range Section Fraction State
026N 003E 31 S2 California

Commodities

Commodity Importance
Boron-Borates Primary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Colemanite Ore
Ulexite Ore
Calcite Gangue

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 260
USGS model code 35b.3
Deposit model name Lacustrine borates

Host and associated rocks

  • Host or associated Associated
    Rock type Volcanic Rock (Aphanitic) > Mafic Volcanic Rock > Basalt
    Stratigraphic age (youngest) Pliocene
    Stratigraphic age (youngest) Miocene
    Stratigraphic age (youngest) Pliocene
  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Sedimentary Rock > Clastic Sedimentary Rock > Mudstone
  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Sedimentary Rock > Clastic Sedimentary Rock > Shale
    Rock unit name Furnace Creek Formation
    Rock description Furnace Creek Formation
  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Sedimentary Rock > Clastic Sedimentary Rock > Siltstone
  • Host or associated Host
    Rock type Sedimentary Rock > Clastic Sedimentary Rock > Sandstone

Nearby scientific data

(1) -116.68477, 36.34165

Geologic structures

Type of structure Local
Structure description Nne-Trending, Steeply-Dipping Fault

Ore body information

  • Thickness 76.2M
    Width 274.32M
    Length 1125M

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Producer
Commodity type Non-metallic
Significant No
Production years 1974-1978, 1980-1986, 1991 TO PRESENT

Mining district

District name Death Valley

Land status

Ownership category Private

Ownership information

  • Type Owner-Operator
    Owner American Borate Co.
    First year 1991

Reserves and resources

  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1976
    Total resources 4,421,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Boron-Borates B2O3 22 wt-pct Boron Major 1976
  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 1992
    Total resources 11,800,000,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Boron-Borates B2O3 21 wt-pct Boron Major 1992

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS I000126

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    O'DRISCOLL, MIKE, 1990, MINERALS IN THE US SOUTH-WEST- BREAKING ROCKS IN THE HOT SUN: INDUSTRIAL MINERALS, NO. 272, P.59.

  • Deposit

    EVANS, J.R., TAYLOR, G.C., AND RAPP, J.S., 1976, MINES AND MINERAL DEPOSITS IN DEATH VALLEY NATIONAL MONUMENT, CALIFORNIA: CALIFORNIA DIVISION OF MINES AND GEOLOGY SPECIAL REPORT 125, 61 P.

  • Deposit

    ROSKILL INFORMATION SERVICES LTD., 1993, THE ECONOMICS OF BORON 1993, 7TH ED.: LONDON, ROSKILL INFORMATION SERVICES LTD., 156 P.

  • Deposit

    BARKER, C.E., AND BARKER, J.M., 1985, A RE-EVALUATION OF THE ORIGIN AND DIAGENESIS OF BORATE DEPOSITS, DEATH VALLEY, CALIFORNIA, IN BARKER, J.M., AND LEFOND, S.J., EDS., BORATES: ECONOMIC GEOLOGY AND PRODUCTION: NEW YORK, AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGICAL AND PETROLEUM ENGINEERS, INC., P. 101-136.

  • Deposit

    HARBEN, P.W., AND BATES, R.L., 1990, INDUSTRIAL MINERALS GEOLOGY AND WORLD DEPOSITS: LONDON, METAL BULLETIN PLC..

  • Deposit

    SMITH, G.I., 1985, BORATE DEPOSITS IN THE UNITED STATES - DISSIMILAR IN FORM, SIMILAR IN GEOLOGIC SETTING, IN BARKER, J.M., AND LEFOND, S.J., EDS., BORATES: ECONOMIC GEOLOGY AND PRODUCTION: NEW YORK, AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGICAL AND PETROLEUM ENGINEERS, INC., P. 37-51.

  • Reserve-Resource

    ESTIMATE BY G. ORRIS FROM PUBLISHED DATA IN 1990.

  • Reserve-Resource

    ROSKILL, 1993; EVANS AND OTHERS, 1976.

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 01-FEB-89 Orris, Greta J. U.S. Geological Survey
Updater 01-SEP-93 Langford, R.P. BHP Utah Industries
Updater 01-NOV-93 Orris, Greta J. U.S. Geological Survey