|Current site name||Copper Queen Mine|
|Alternate or previous names||Halero|
|Related records||10185978, 10233921|
|Geographic coordinates:||-109.91509, 31.44097 (WGS84)|
|Relative position||APPROX. 1 1/2 MI. NW OF LOWELL.|
|(click for info)|
|Gila and Salt River||023S||024E||09,15,16||SW OF SW||Arizona|
|Materials||Type of material|
|USGS model code||19a|
|Deposit model name||Polymetallic replacement|
|Mark3 model number||47|
|USGS model code||17|
|Deposit model name||Porphyry Cu|
|Mark3 model number||4|
|USGS model code||18a|
|Deposit model name||Porphyry Cu, skarn-related|
|Mark3 model number||9|
|Host or associated||Associated|
|Rock type||Plutonic Rock > Granitoid > Granite|
|Rock type qualifier||granitic texture composed of quartz, orthoclase, plagioclase and biotite|
|Rock unit name||Juniper Flat Granite|
|Host or associated||Host|
|Rock type||Sedimentary Rock > Carbonate > Limestone|
|Rock unit name||Escabrosa Limestone;Naco Limestone;Martin Limestone|
|Rock description||Escabrosa Limestone;Naco Limestone;Martin Lst|
|Host or associated||Associated|
|Rock type qualifier||The quartz porphyry of the Sacramento Stock has been thoroughly altered, silicified and pyritised destroying the original composition and texture. It is now composed of anhedral grains of quartz, intergranular pyrophyllite and phenocrysts of quartz|
|Rock unit name||Sacramento Stock-Sacramento Quartz Porphyry|
|Regional||Pre-Mineralization Faulting And Tilting|
|Local||Main Fault Directions, N10w To N40e, S30w To N50w, Pre-Mineralization|
|Depth to top||0M|
|Development status||Past Producer|
|Commodity type||Both metallic and non-metallic|
|Discovery method||Ore-Mineral In Place|
|Year of first production||1881|
|District name||Warren District|
|Owner||Phelps Dodge Corp.|
|Owner||Phelps Dodge Corp.|
|Home office||Phoenix, Ariz|
|Agency||Database name||Acronym||Record ID||Notes|
|USGS||Mineral Resources Data System||MRDS||M241115|
|U.S. Bureau of Mines||Minerals Availability System||MAS||0040030043|
|U.S. Bureau of Mines||Minerals Availability System||MAS||0040030052|
|Defense Mapping Agency||DMA||DMA||170|
KEITH, S.B., 1973, ARIZONA BUREAU OF MINES BULLETIN 187, P. 86.
Mine history is available at Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper_Queen_Mine
Bryant, D.G., Metz, H.E., 1966, Geology and ore deposits of the Warren mining district: in Titley, S.R., Hicks, C.L., 1966, Geology of the Porphyry Copper Deposits, Southwestern North America University of Arizona Press, Tucson, pp 189-203
RANSOME, USGS PP 21, P. 110, 13-15.
Cook, S.S. and Porter, T.M., 2005, The Geologic History of Oxidation and Supergene Enrichment in the Porphyry Copper Deposits of Southwestern North America, in Porter, T.M., (Ed.), Super Porphyry Copper and Gold Deposits: A Global Perspective, v1 pp 207-242
ARIZONA BUREAU OF MINES BULLETIN 140.
Titley, S.R., 1993, Characteristics of porphyry copper occurrence in the American Southwest; in Kirkham, R.V., Sinclair, W.D., Thorpe, R.I. and Duke, J.M., Mineral Deposit Modeling, Geological Association of Canada, Special Paper 40, p. 433-464.
MINES HANDBOOK, 1931.
Bryant, D.G. (1968), Intrusive breccias associated with ore, Warren (Bisbee) mining district, Arizona, Economic Geology: 61: 1-12.
USGS FOLIO 112, 1904.
Lowell, J.D. and Guilbert, J.M., 1970, Lateral and vertical alteration-mineralization zoning in porphyry ore deposits; Economic Geology, v. 65, p. 373-408.
PHILLIPS, K.A., BEARD, R.R., NIEMUTH, N.J., AND BAIN, D.R., 1991, ACTIVE MINES IN ARIZONA--1992: ARIZONA DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND MINERAL RESOURCES DIRECTORY 39, 20 P.
Porter GeoConsultancy entry for Bisbee, Warren Mining District, Cochise, Arizona: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn742
NIEMUTH, N.J., 1987, ARIZONA MINERAL DEVELOPMENT 1984-1986: ARIZONA DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND MINERAL RESOURCES DIRECTORY 29, 46 P.
Einaudi, M.T., 1982, Description of skarns associated with porphyry copper plutons, in Titley, S.R., ed., Advances in geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America: Tucson, University of Arizona Press.
SAWYER, M.B., GURMENDI, A.C., DALEY, M.R., AND HOWELL, S.B., 1992, PRINCIPAL DEPOSITS OF STRATEGIC AND CRITICAL MINERALS IN ARIZONA: UNITED STATS BUREAU OF MINES SPECIAL PUBLICATION, 334 P.
GILMOUR, P., 1982, GRADES AND TONNAGES OF PORPHYRY COPPER DEPOSITS: IN - ADVANCES IN GEOLOGY OF THE PORPHYRY COPPER DEPOSITS, SOUTHWESTERN NORTH AMERICA, ED. BY, S.R. TITLEY UNIV. AIR. PRESS, TUCSON, AZ, 1982.
PEIRCE, H.W., 1969, GEM MATERIALS, IN USGS, ABM, AND USBR, MINERAL AND WATER RESOURCES OF ARIZONA: ABM BULLETIN 180, USGS BULLETIN 871, P. 359.
Titley, S.R., 1992, Evidence for crustal controls of metallogeneis in epigenetic ores of the Southern Cordillera, United States and Mexico: Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration Annual Meeting Preprint 920-210, 11p.
Metals Economics Group (MEG) entry for Cochise/Bisbee: http://services.metalseconomics.com/minesearch/Default.aspx#profile&projAid=89923
Mineralogy discussion at: http://www.mindat.org/loc-3318.html
|Subject category||Comment text|
|Deposit||ORIGINAL COPPER MINE OF THE DISTRICT. THIS RECORD CONTAINS DATA FROM DUPLICATE RECORD D002955 OF J. WILLIAM HASLER WHICH HAS BEEN DELETED FROM MRDS. ; INFO.SRC : 1 PUB LIT; 2 UNPUB REPT|
|Deposit||ORE MAINLY IN LIMESTONE ALONG A STRUCTURAL TROUGH. HIGH-GRADE COPPER CARBONATES WITH MINOR LEAD AND ZINC CARBONATES OCCUR IN IRREGULAR REPLACEMENT ORE BODIES, MAINLY IN LIMESTONE ALONG A STRUCTURAL TROUGH.|
|General||The original claim to the mine was staked in 1877 by a prospector named George Warren, attracted by outcrops with the lead mineral cerussite, which often carried silver. An option on the mine was acquired in 1880 by entrepreneur Ed Reilly who raised $80,000 capital from Dewitt Bisbee to begin production. The surface pockets of cerussite were soon exhausted, but the owners found that the orebody ran 23% copper, with silver and gold as byproducts. Most mines of that era could profitably mine ore containing 3% or 4% copper, so the Copper Queen orebody was considered extraordinarily high grade. The surface oxide ore was exhausted after three or four years, but miners explored deeper and eventually found even larger orebodies. In 1884-5 the mine was offered for sale to London investors for #350,000, but the offer was not taken up, and the mine was acquired by Phelps Dodge, which introduced a policy of racial segregation at the mine, with workers of Mexican origin not allowed to perform skilled jobs. In the early 20th century deposits of gold and silver were also discovered in the mine. In 1917 the mine was involved in the Industrial Workers of the World miners' strike which led to over 1000 miners being arrested and deported. By the middle 1960s, the grade of ore from the Copper Queen had declined to 4%. The mine ceased production in 1975, but tours are conducted for visitors. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper_Queen_Mine|
|Reporter||01-NOV-80||Zigler, Jan L.||U.S. Geological Survey|
|Updater||01-JAN-82||Laraba, Peter (Gest, Don E.)||Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology|
|Updater||01-NOV-93||Orris, Greta J.||U.S. Geological Survey|