Reinken, Bornite Lake

Prospect in Alaska, United States with commodities Copper, Gold, Silver, Mercury

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10094102
MRDS ID A106002
Record type Site
Current site name Reinken, Bornite Lake

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -166.97266, 53.49799 (WGS84)
Relative position Three km south of the head of Pumicestone Bay in a lake basin; the lake is locally called Bornite Lake.
(click for info)

Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska


Commodity Importance
Copper Primary
Gold Primary
Silver Primary
Mercury Secondary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Pyrite Ore
Quartz Gangue


  • (Local) Pervasive silicification of country rocks.

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 85
USGS model code 22c
Deposit model name Polymetallic veins
Mark3 model number 46
Model code 105
USGS model code 25a-d
Deposit model name Epithermal vein, generic
Mark3 model number 119

Nearby scientific data

(1) -166.97266, 53.49799

Comments on the geologic information

  • Geologic Description = Quartz veins up to 60 cm wide cut a silicified roche moutonnee immediately north of lake. Roche moutonnee is pervasively silicified and 500 feet wide by 1,500 feet long (150 x 450 m). Up to 30 percent pyrite occurs in veins and silicified rock. Country rock shown in Drewes and others (1961) as Unalaska Formation, about 2 km from mapped southern margin of Shaler batholith (granodiorite).
  • Age = Miocene or younger

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Prospect
Commodity type Metallic

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Inactive

Mining district

District name Aleutians

Comments on the workings information

  • Workings / Exploration = Reported 18th or 19th century mining by Russians. No evidence remains of Russian activity; prospect possibly staked by John and Leon Reinken in 1929. Kennecott-Alaska (Simpson, 1986) collected 23 rock samples; Battle Mountain Exploration Co. (Randolph, 1991) collected pan concentrates and an additional 9 rock samples. None of BMEC rock samples were anomalous in gold; one contained 4.8 ppm silver, 9,085 ppm copper, and 410 ppb mercury. Pan concentrates contained up to 240 ppb gold and 920 ppm copper.

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A106002
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF UN008

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Drewes, Harold, Fraser, G.D., Snyder, G.L., and Barnett, H.F., Jr., 1961, Geology of Unalaska Island and adjacent insular shelf, Aleutian Islands, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1028-S, p. 583-676.

  • Deposit

    Randolph, D.B., 1991, Unalaska project, 1990 final report: Battle Mountain Exploration Company, Alaska District, 62 p., 5 appendices, 15 plates, various scales. (Report held by the Aleut Corporation, Anchorage, Alaska.)

  • Deposit

    Simpson, D.F., 1986, Aleutian Islands project, 1985 final report: Kennecott Alaska Exploration Company, 54 p. (Report held by the Aleut Native Corporation, Anchorage, Alaska.)

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = Randolph, 1991

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit Model Name = Polymetallic vein, epithermal gold vein
Deposit Model Number = 22c, 25
Deposit Other Comments = Reportedly mined during Russian period, Battle Mountain Exploration Co. (Simpson, 1986; erroneously reported as the 1600's), Randolph, 1991) gave the prospect a poor potential for economic gold mineralization due to remoteness, ruggedness of the environment, and minimal evidence for economic mineralization.

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 18-DEC-1992 F.H. Wilson U.S. Geological Survey