Madison Creek

Producer in Alaska, United States with commodities Gold, Silver

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10097540
MRDS ID A015003
Record type Site
Current site name Madison Creek

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -156.79495, 63.4075 (WGS84)
Relative position Madison Creek is a large, generally west-flowing tributary to Tolstoi Creek. Tributaries to Madison Creek include Deep Creek (OP011), Eldorado Creek (OP007), and Esperanto Creek (OP008). Mining took place on Madison Creek near its headwaters, in sec. 17, T, 24 S., R. 11 E., Kateel River Meridian. Madison Creek is locality 4 of Cobb (1972 [MF 367]). The location is accurate within 1/2 mile.
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Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska

Commodities

Commodity Importance
Gold Primary
Silver Secondary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Gold Ore
Ilmenite Ore
Magnetite Ore

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 119
USGS model code 39a
BC deposit profile C01. C02
Deposit model name Placer Au-PGE
Mark3 model number 54

Nearby scientific data

(1) -156.79495, 63.4075

Comments on the geologic information

  • Geologic Description = Bedrock in the vicinity of Madison Creek is mostly Tertiary volcanic rocks;?the headwaters drain an area underlain by chert and argillite intruded by Cretaceous or Tertiary monzonite (Chapman and others, 1985).? the depth to bedrock in Madison Creek is 31 feet (Brooks, 1908). In 1917, two claims were being mined; the lower claim contained fine gold and the upper claim contained coarse gold (Harrington, 1919). The gold in Madison Creek is 881 fine (Metz and Hawkins, 1981). Minerals in pan concentrates include magnetite, ilmenite, augite, hornblende, garnet, and zircon (Harrington, 1919). The source of the gold is probably the monzonite intrusion at its headwaters (Bundtzen and others, 1987).? Gold was discovered in Madison Creek in 1907 but it may not have been actively mined until 1917 (Brooks, 1908; Harrington, 1919). Intermittent, small-scale mining occurred until at least after World War II (Brooks, 1922; Brooks and Capps, 1924; Smith, 1939 [B 910-A]; Cobb, 1973 [B 1374]; Cobb, 1976 [OFR 76-576]). More recent production from Madison Creek is reported in 1989 (Bundtzen and others, 1990), 1991 (Bundtzen and others, 1992), and 1992 (Swainbank and others, 1993). The production from Madison Creek from 1917 to 1947 and 1982 to 1984 was 3,103 ounces of gold and 338 ounces of silver (Bundtzen and others, 1987).? Also see OP007, 008, 010, and 011.
  • Age = Quaternary. The probable source of gold in Madison Creek is the Cretaceous or Tertiary monzonite intrusion at its headwaters (Bundtzen and others, 1987).

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Producer
Commodity type Metallic

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Active?

Mining district

District name Innoko

Comments on the production information

  • Production Notes = The production from Madison Creek from 1917 to 1947 and 1982 to 1984 was 3,103 ounces of gold and 338 ounces of silver (Bundtzen and others, 1987).

Comments on the workings information

  • Workings / Exploration = Gold was discovered in Madison Creek in 1907 but it may not have been mined until 1917 (Brooks, 1908; Harrington, 1919). In 1917, two claims were being mined. Intermittent, small-scale mining occurred until at least after World War II (Brooks, 1922; Brooks and Capps, 1924; Smith, 1939 [B 910-A]; Cobb, 1973 [B 1374]; Cobb, 1976 [OFR 76-576]). More recent production from Madison Creek is reported in 1989 (Bundtzen and others, 1990), 1991 (Bundtzen and others, 1992), and in 1992 (Swainbank and others, 1993).

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A015003
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF OP009

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., 1908, The mining industry in 1907: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 345, 294 p.

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., 1922, The Alaska mining industry in 1920: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 722-A, p. 1-74.

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H. and Capps, S.R., 1924, Mineral industry in Alaska, 1922: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 755, p. 1-56.

  • Deposit

    Mertie, J.B., Jr., and Harrington, G.L., 1924, The Ruby-Kuskokwim Region, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 754, 129 pages.

  • Deposit

    Smith, P.S. 1939, Mineral industry in Alaska in 1937: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 910-A, p. 1-113.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Ophir quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-367, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1976, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction material) in the Iditarod and Ophir quadrangles, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 76-576, 101 p.

  • Deposit

    Metz, P.A., and Hawkins, D.B., 1981, A summary of gold fineness values from Alaska placer deposits: University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Mineral Industry Research Laboratory Report No. 45, 63 p.

  • Deposit

    Chapman, R.M., Patton, W.W., and Moll, E.J., 1985, Reconnaissance geologic map of the Ophir quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 85-203, 1 sheet, 1:250,000 scale.

  • Deposit

    Bundtzen, T.K., Green, C.B., Deagen, J., and Daniels, C.L., 1987, Alaska's mineral industry, 1986: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, Special Report 40, 68 p.

  • Deposit

    Bundtzen, T.K., Swainbank, R.C., Deagen, J.R. and Moore, J.L., 1990, Alaska's mineral industry 1989: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys Special Report 44, 100 p.

  • Deposit

    Swainbank, R.C., Bundtzen, T.K., Clough, A.H., Hansen, E.W., and Nelson, M.G., 1993, Alaska's mineral industry 1992: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys Special Report 47, 80 p.

  • Deposit

    Bundtzen, T.K., Swainbank, R.C., Wood, J.E., and Clough, A.H., 1992, Alaska's mineral industry 1991: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys Special Report SR 46, 89 p.

  • Deposit

    Harrington, G.L., 1919, The gold and platinum placers of the Tolstoi district: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 692-F, p. 339-351.

  • Deposit

    Smith, P.S., 1939, Mineral industry of Alaska in 1937: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 910-A, p. 1-113.

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = Harrington, 1919

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit Model Name = Placer Au (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a)

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 07-AUG-01 Cameron, C.E. Northern Associates Inc.