Ruby Creek

Past Producer in Alaska, United States with commodity Gold

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10100977
MRDS ID A012638
Record type Site
Current site name Ruby Creek
Related records 10112144

Geographic coordinates

Geographic coordinates: -164.3194, 64.7982 (WGS84)
Relative position Ruby Creek is an east tributary to the Casadepaga River. Its mouth is 0.9 miles downstream from the old town of Casdepaga and across the river from the mouth of Lower Willow Creek (SO091). Sainsbury and others (1972) show placer tailings to be present over the lower 2 miles of Ruby Creek. This is locality 79 of Cobb (1972, MF 445; 1978, OF 78-181).
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Geographic areas

Country State
United States Alaska


Commodity Importance
Gold Primary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Gold Ore
Garnet Gangue
Magnetite Gangue

Mineral occurrence model information

Model code 119
USGS model code 39a
BC deposit profile C01. C02
Deposit model name Placer Au-PGE
Mark3 model number 54

Nearby scientific data

(1) -164.3194, 64.7982

Comments on the geologic information

  • Geologic Description = Ruby Creek was an important and heavily worked creek in the early history of the area (Brooks and others, 1901). It is incised in its lower reaches and both the active channel and some bench placers have been mined. Some of the gold was coarse (a 1/4 ounce nugget was reported) and had a fineness of 946. The gravels in the lower creek were thin, 2 to 3 feet, and gold-bearing throughout. The creek gets its name from the abundant garnet in heavy mineral concentrates. A large part of this creek was mined by 1907 (Smith, 1910). The headwaters of Ruby Creek are underlain by a lower Paleozoic metasedimentary assemblage (Till and othes, 1986).
  • Age = Quaternary; the numerous incised terraces along the Casadepaga River and its major tributaries indicate that more than one cycle of erosion and deposition has developed placer deposits in the area. The low elevations between 170 and 270 feet along the first 11 miles of the river, suggest that Quaternary sea level fluctuations could have influenced placer development.

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Development status Past Producer
Commodity type Metallic

Comments on exploration

  • Status = Probably inactive

Mining district

District name Council

Comments on the workings information

  • Workings / Exploration = Almost all the creek gravels had been worked by 1907. Sainsbury and others (1972, OFR 511) show placer tailings to be present over the lower 2 miles of Ruby Creek.

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
USGS Mineral Resources Data System MRDS A012638
USGS Alaska Resource Data File ARDF SO096

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    Brooks, A.H., Richardson, G. B., and Collier, A. J., 1901, Reconnaissance in the Cape Nome and Norton Bay regions, Alaska, in 1900: U.S. Geological Survey Special Publication, p. 1-180.

  • Deposit

    Smith, P.S., 1910, Geology and mineral resources of the Solomon and Casadepaga quadrangles, Seward Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 433, 234 p.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic resources map of the Solomon quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-445, scale 1:250,000.

  • Deposit

    Sainsbury, C.L., Hudson, T.L., Ewing, R., and Marsh, W.R., 1972, Reconnaissance geologic maps of the Solomon D-5 and C-5 quadrangles, Seward Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 511, 12 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:63,360.

  • Deposit

    Cobb, E.H., 1978, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in the Solomon quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-181, 185 p.

  • Deposit

    Till, A.B., Dumoulin, J.A., Gamble, B. ., Kaufman, D.S., and Carroll, P.I., 1986, Preliminary geologic map and fossil data, Soloman, Bendeleben, and southern Kotzebue quadrangles, Seward Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-276, 10 p., 3 plates, scale 1:250,000.

Comments on the references

  • Primary Reference = Smith, 1910

General comments

Subject category Comment text
Deposit Model Name = Placer Au-PGE (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a).

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 19-AUG-1999 Travis L. Hudson Applied Geology