Onaping/Craig

Producer in Ontario, Canada with commodities Cobalt, Copper, Gold, Nickel, Iridium, Palladium, Platinum, Rhodium, Ruthenium, Silver

Geologic information

Identification information

Deposit ID 10303138
MAS/MILS ID 1220400051
Record type Site
Current site name Onaping/Craig
Alternate or previous names Onaping/Craig Mine

Geographic coordinates

Point of reference Ore Body
Geographic coordinates: -81.38729, 46.63329 (WGS84)
Elevation 390
Location accuracy 500(meters)
(click for info)

Geographic areas

Country State
Canada Ontario

Commodities

Commodity Importance
Cobalt Primary
Copper Primary
Gold Primary
Nickel Primary
Iridium Primary
Palladium Primary
Platinum Primary
Rhodium Primary
Ruthenium Primary
Silver Primary

Materials information

Materials Type of material
Chalcopyrite Unknown
Ilmenite Unknown
Magnetite Unknown
Pentlandite Unknown
Pyrite Unknown
Pyrrhotite Unknown
Sperrylite Unknown

Nearby scientific data

Ore Body (1) -81.38729, 46.63329

Ore body information

  • Thickness 1200M
    Field Value
    MAS Matrix # 1
    MAS Column # 1
    Type of Orebody #1 DISSEMINATED
    Shape of Orebody #1 MASSIVE
    Shape of Orebody #2 LENTICULAR
    Primary mode of Origin MAGMATIC DIFFER
    Primary Ore Control FAULTING
    Secondary Ore Control FOLDING
    Degree of Wallrock Alter. UNKNOWN
    Minimum Depth to Top 600
    Min. Thick. Unconsol. Mat. 0
    Date of Last Modification 830627
  • Area 1000HA
    Field Value
    Total Surface Area (HA) 1000
    Date of Last Modification 910418

Comments on the geologic information

  • THE OREBODY OF THE ONAPING MINE FORMS PART OF THE COPPER-NICKEL SULFIDE DEPOSITS OF THE SUDBURY BASIN.THESE ORES ARE ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLAYER INTRUSIONS AND RADIATING DIKES ALONG THE OUTER MARGIN OF THE MAIN IRRUPTIVE BODY KNOWN AS THE SUDBURY NICKEL IRRUPTIVE. THE IRRUPTIVE HAS BEEN INTERPRETED AS EITHER VOLCANOGENIC OR COSMOGENIC IN ORIGIN AND IS ELLIPTICAL IN HORIZONTAL SECTION. THE IRRUPTIVE APPEARS TO TAKE THE FORM OF AN ASSYMETRI- CAL FUNNEL PLUNGING TOWARDS THE SOUTH. THE NORTHERN LIMB DIPS AT 30 TO 50 DEGREES TOWARDS THE SOUTH; THE SOUTHERN LIMB DIPS AT 45 TO 90 DEGREES TOWARDS THE NORTH. THE ONAPING ORE CONSISTS OF THREE PODS. THE NO. 1 OREBODY CONSTITUTES THE HARDY AND BOUNDARY MINES. THE NO. 2 OREBODY IS THE INITIAL ONAPING MINE FROM A DEPTH OF 600 METERS TO ABOUT 1200 METERS. THE NO. 3 OREBODY IS SERVICED BY THE NO. 2 INTERNAL SHAFT EXTENDING TO A DEPTH OF BETWEEN 1700 AND 1800 METERS. THE NO. 3 OREBODY HAS A LENSE OF WASTE IN THE CENTER; THIS WILL NECESSITATE MINING THE HANGING WALL AND FOOTWALL PORTIONS IN SEQUENCE. THE NO. 3 OREBODY GRADE INCREASES WITH DEPTH. THE CRAIG OREBODY, WHICH WILL BE OPERATED AS A SEPARATE MINE ONCE IN PRODUCTION, CAN BE CONSIDERED THE FOURTH POD AT ONAPING. IT IS A FOOTWALL OREBODY MUCH LIKE THE STRATHCONA DEEP COPPER ZONE. THE ORE GENERALLY STRIKES NORTHEAST AND DIPS BETWEEN 20 DEGREES AND 45 DEGREES TO THE SOUTHEAST. THE NO. 3 OREBODY DIPS BETWEEN 35 DEGREES AND 55 DEGREES IN THE UPPER PORTION. THE ORE ZONES ARE HEAVILY FAULTED.

Economic information

Economic information about the deposit and operations

Operation type Underground
Development status Producer
Commodity type Metallic
Significant Yes
Discovery year 1940
Mining method Combined Methods
Year of first production 1961
Milling method Flotation

Mining district

District name Sudbury Nickel

Mineral rights holdings

Type of mineral rights Unknown

Land status

Ownership category Unknown

Ownership information

  • Type Owner-Operator
    Owner Falconbridge Nickel Mines, Ltd.
    Interest 100
    Home office Canada
    Year 1981

Comments on the ownership information

  • FALCO IS CONTROLLED BY SUPERIOR OIL COMPANY OF HOUSTON, TEXAS UNDER THE REGULATIONS OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE COMMISION OF THE UNITED STATES.

Reserves and resources

  • Type In-situ
    Estimate year 0
    Demonstrated 2,086,000mt ore
    Measured 2,086,000mt ore
    Total resources 2,086,000mt ore
    Commodity Subtype Grade units Group Importance Year
    Nickel Ni 1.75 wt-pct Nickel Major 0
    Copper Cu 0.72 wt-pct Copper Major 0

Comments on the reserve resource information

  • COMBINED ETD WITH CRAIG RESOURCE DATA ESTIMATED IN 1979

Workings at the site

  • Type of workings Underground
    Overall depth 1500M
    Field Value
    MAS Development Schedule # 1
    Mining Record # 1
    Status of Mining Method ESTIMATE
    Mining Method INCLINED CUT AND FILL 10-65
    Percent Waste Rock 16
    Percent Recovery 100
    Hardness of Rock HARDROCK WITH LITTLE WATER
    Rock Characteristics UNKNOWN
    Rock Support Chars. SUPPORTING
    Mine Support Chars. POST, HEADBOARD, CAPS, ROOF BOLTS
    Number of Shafts 2
    Length of Inclines (m) 300
    Slope of Inclines 45
    1st Condition of Workings OPEN
    Capacity 550
    Capacity Units MT ORE/DAY
    Unit Production Cost 31
    Units of Production $/MT ORE
    Operating Days per Year 260
    Operating Shifts per Day 2
    Year of Information 1981
  • Type of workings Underground
    Overall depth 1500M
    Field Value
    MAS Development Schedule # 1
    Mining Record # 2
    Status of Mining Method ESTIMATE
    Mining Method INCLINED CUT AND FILL 10-65
    Percent Waste Rock 16
    Percent Recovery 100
    Hardness of Rock HARDROCK WITH LITTLE WATER
    Rock Characteristics UNKNOWN
    Number of Shafts 2
    Length of Inclines (m) 300
    Slope of Inclines 45
    1st Condition of Workings OPEN
    Capacity 1000
    Capacity Units MT ORE/DAY
    Unit Production Cost 31
    Units of Production $/MT ORE
    Operating Days per Year 260
    Operating Shifts per Day 2
    Year of Information 1981
  • Type of workings Underground
    Overall depth 1500M
    Field Value
    MAS Development Schedule # 1
    Mining Record # 3
    Status of Mining Method ESTIMATE
    Mining Method INCLINED CUT AND FILL 10-65
    Percent Waste Rock 16
    Percent Recovery 100
    Hardness of Rock HARDROCK WITH LITTLE WATER
    Rock Characteristics UNKNOWN
    Rock Support Chars. SUPPORTING
    Mine Support Chars. POST, HEADBOARD, CAPS, ROOF BOLTS
    Number of Shafts 2
    Length of Inclines (m) 300
    Slope of Inclines 45
    1st Condition of Workings OPEN
    Capacity 3000
    Capacity Units MT ORE/DAY
    Unit Production Cost 28
    Operating Days per Year 260
    Operating Shifts per Day 2
    Year of Information 1981
  • Type of workings Underground
    Overall depth 1500M
    Field Value
    MAS Development Schedule # 1
    Mining Record # 4
    Status of Mining Method ESTIMATE
    Mining Method INCLINED CUT AND FILL 10-65
    Percent Waste Rock 16
    Percent Recovery 100
    Hardness of Rock HARDROCK WITH LITTLE WATER
    Rock Characteristics UNKNOWN
    Rock Support Chars. SUPPORTING
    Mine Support Chars. POST, HEADBOARD, CAPS, ROOF BOLTS
    Number of Shafts 2
    Length of Inclines (m) 300
    Slope of Inclines 45
    1st Condition of Workings OPEN
    Capacity 2222
    Capacity Units MT ORE/DAY
    Unit Production Cost 28
    Units of Production $/MT ORE
    Operating Days per Year 260
    Operating Shifts per Day 2
    Year of Information 1981
  • Type of workings Underground
    Overall depth 1500M
    Field Value
    MAS Development Schedule # 1
    Mining Record # 5
    Status of Mining Method ESTIMATE
    Mining Method INCLINED CUT AND FILL 10-65
    Percent Waste Rock 16
    Percent Recovery 100
    Hardness of Rock HARDROCK WITH LITTLE WATER
    Rock Characteristics UNKNOWN
    Rock Support Chars. SUPPORTING
    Mine Support Chars. POST, HEADBOARD, CAPS, ROOF BOLTS
    Number of Shafts 2
    Length of Inclines (m) 300
    Slope of Inclines 45
    1st Condition of Workings OPEN
    Capacity 2000
    Capacity Units MT ORE/DAY
    Unit Production Cost 26
    Units of Production $/MT ORE
    Operating Days per Year 260
    Operating Shifts per Day 2
    Year of Information 1981

Comments on other economic factors

  • THERE ARE FIVE MINING RECORDS BECAUSE THE CAPACITY OF THE MINE WAS EVALUATED TO CHANGE FIVE TIMES. THE YEARS ARE SHOWN IN THE CORRESPONDING DEVELOPMENT RECORDS. FROM GOLDER: "THE ONAPING MINE PRODUCES 550 TONNES OF ORE AND ABOUT 80 TONNES OF WASTE DAILY." THEREFORE WASTE IS 12.7%.

Reference information

Links to other databases

Agency Database name Acronym Record ID Notes
U.S. Bureau of Mines Minerals Availability System MAS 1220400051

Bibliographic references

  • Deposit

    ABEL, M.K., ET AL. "1979 COPPER MINERALIZATION IN THE FOOT-

  • Deposit

    WALL COMPLEX, STRATHCONA MINE, SUDBURY, ONTARIO." CANA-

  • Deposit

    DIAN MINERALOGIST 17. PP. 275-285.

  • Deposit

    BATEMAN, A.M. "MAGMATIC ORE DEPOSITS, SUDBURY, ONTARIO."

  • Deposit

    ECONOMIC GEOLOGY 12. 1917. PP. 391-426.

  • Deposit

    BRAY, J.V.G., ED. "NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN SUDBURY GEOLOGY."

  • Deposit

    GEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF CANADA. SPEC. PAPER 10. 1972.

  • Deposit

    BROCOUM, S.J. AND I.W.D. DALZIEL. "THE SUDBURY BASIN,

  • Deposit

    SOUTHERN PROVINCE, GRENVILLE FRONT, AND THE PENOKEAN

  • Deposit

    OROGENY." EOS (AM. GEOPHYS. UNION TRANS.). VOL. 54.

  • Deposit

    1973. P. 461.

  • Deposit

    CANADIAN MINES HANDBOOK 1979-80, NORTHERN MINER PRESS LTD.,

  • Deposit

    P. 110.

  • Deposit

    CANADIAN MINES HANDBOOK. NORTHERN MINER PRESS, LTD. TORONTO,

  • Deposit

    CANADA. 1980-81.

  • Deposit

    CANADIAN MINING JOURNAL. REFERENCE MANUAL AND BUYERS GUIDE.

  • Deposit

    MONTREAL, CANADA. 1981.

  • Deposit

    CARD, K.D. AND R.W. HUTCHINSON. "THE SUDBURY STRUCTURE: ITS

  • Deposit

    REGIONAL GEOLOGICAL SETTING." GEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF

  • Deposit

    CANADA. SPEC. PAPER NO. 10. 1972. PP. 67-78.

  • Deposit

    CARD, K.D., ET AL. "GENERAL GEOLOGY OF THE SUDBURY - ELLIOT

  • Deposit

    LAKE REGION." 24TH INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGICAL CONGRESS.

  • Deposit

    MONTREAL, QUEBEC. EXCURSION C 38. P. 56.

  • Deposit

    CARD, K.D., ET AL. "THE SOUTHERN PROVINCE" GEOLOGICAL ASSO-

  • Deposit

    CIATION OF CANADA. SPEC. PAPER NO. 11. 1972A. PP. 335-

  • Deposit

    380.

  • Deposit

    COOPER, M.A. TESTIMONY TO THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON INCO AND

  • Deposit

    FALCONBRIDGE LAYOFFS. TORONTO, CANADA. JANUARY 11, 1978

  • Deposit

    DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES, MINERAL DEVELOP-

  • Deposit

    MENT SECTOR, PUBLIC DEPOSIT FILE. OTTAWA, CANADA.

  • Deposit

    DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, MINES AND RESOURCES, SURVEY AND

  • Deposit

    MAPPING BRANCH. CHELMSFORD TOPOGRAPHIC MAP, SCALE

  • Deposit

    1:50,000, MAP 41-I/11, EDITION 3. OTTAWA 1975.

  • Deposit

    PHOTOGRAPHS 1971. CULTURE CHECK 1972.

  • Deposit

    DUNKS, L.T. "MINE PLANNING AND SCHEDULING, MINING, SMELTING,

  • Deposit

    AND STEELMAKING. OTTAWA. OCTOBER 1973.

  • Deposit

    FALCONBRIDGE NICKEL MINES, LTD. ANNUAL REPORTS, 1970 TO 1980

  • Deposit

    INCLUSIVE 10K REPORT, 1980.

  • Deposit

    FINANCIAL POST, SECTION S ADVERTISEMENT. TORONTO, CANADA.

  • Deposit

    OCTOBER 11, 1980.

  • Deposit

    FISH, R. "FALCONBRIDGE NICKEL MINES, SUDBURY OPERATIONS:

  • Deposit

    AFTER 50 YEARS PRESENT ORE RESERVES EQUAL ORE MINED."

  • Deposit

    CANADIAN MINING JOURNAL. MAY 1978.

  • Deposit

    GLOBE AND MAIL. "FALCONBRIDGE DENIES PLAN TO SHUT DOMINICAN

  • Deposit

    COMPLEX." APRIL 28, 1981.

  • Deposit

    HAWLEY, J.E. "THE SUDBURY ORES: THEIR MINERALOGY AND ORIGIN.

  • Deposit

    CANADIAN MINERALOGIST. 7,207 PP. UPSIDE DOWN ZONING AT

  • Deposit

    FROOD, SUDBURY, ONTARIO. ECONOMIC GEOLOGY 60. 1965.

  • Deposit

    PP. 529-75.

  • Deposit

    MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES. ONTARIO MINERAL REVIEW.

  • Deposit

    TORONTO, CANADA. 1971-1976.

  • Deposit

    MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES, SOURCE MINERAL DEPOSIT REPORT

  • Deposit

    PUBLIC INFORMATION, MINERAL ASSESSMENT FILES. TORONTO,

  • Deposit

    CANADA.

  • Deposit

    NALDRETT, A.J., ET AL. "CRYPTIC VARIATION AND THE PETROLOGY

  • Deposit

    OF THE SUDBURY NICKEL IRRUPTIVE." ECONOMIC GEOLOGY.

  • Deposit

    VOL. 65. NO. 2. 1970. PP. 122-155.

  • Deposit

    NALDRETT, A.J. AND G. KULLERUD. "A STUDY OF THE STRATHCONA

  • Deposit

    MINE AND ITS BEARING ON THE ORIGIN OF THE NICKEL COPPER

  • Deposit

    ORES OF THE SUDBURY DISTRICT." ONTARIO: JOUR. PETROL.

  • Deposit

    VOL 8. 1967. PP. 453-531.

  • Deposit

    NALDRETT, A.J., R.H. HEWINS, AND L. GREENMAN. "THE MAIN

  • Deposit

    IRRUPTIVE AND SUBLAYER AT SUDBURY, ONTARIO." 1972.

  • Deposit

    NORTHERN MINER. APRIL 14, 1977.

  • Deposit

    PATTINSON, E.F. "THE SUDBURY SUBLAYER." CANADIAN MINERALO-

  • Deposit

    GIST. 17. 1979. PP. 257-274.

  • Deposit

    SOUCH, B.E., ET AL. "THE SULPHIDE ORES OF SUDBURY: THEIR

  • Deposit

    PARTICULAR RELATIONSHIP TO A DISTINCTIVE INCLUSION-

  • Deposit

    BEARING FACIES OF THE NICKEL IRRUPTIVE" SYMPOSIUM ON

  • Deposit

    MAGMATIC ORE DEPOSITS. ECONOMIC GEOLOGY. MONOGRAPH 4.

  • Deposit

    1969. PP. 252-261.

Reporter information

Type Date Name Affiliation Comment
Reporter 10-MAR-1997 Eastern Field Operations Center (EFOC) U.S. Bureau of Mines