Paradox

Assessment tract permissive of halokinetic potash-bearing salt in United States of America

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Geologic information

CountryUnited States of America
Deposit typehalokinetic potash-bearing salt
Evaporite basinParadox
Basin typeintracratonic basin
Geologic unitHermosa Formation-Paradox Member
Tectonic settingcraton
Age
Paleozoic
Carboniferous-Pennsylvanian
Middle Pennsylvanian
Moscovian
Minimum:Paleozoic-Carboniferous-Pennsylvanian-Middle Pennsylvanian-Moscovian
Maximum:Paleozoic-Carboniferous-Pennsylvanian-Middle Pennsylvanian-Moscovian
Commodities
Minerals
Potassium minerals:
Notes:Area underlain by potash-bearing salt of the Pennsylvanian Hermosa Formation.
Salt extent:Figures/PDX_SaltExtent_1fig.pdf

Economic information

Known K sites?Yes
Mining?Yes
Exploration?Yes
Identified resources?Yes
Feature typesalt
Quality of informationincomplete
Assessment year2011
Assessment depth3km
AssessorsMark D. Cocker (USGS)
Qualitative assessmentR1: Tract contains known economic reserves, and at least some of the undiscovered resources are believed to be economic.
Tract delineationThe Paradox tract consists of the part of the Paradox Basin likely underlain by salt of the Hermosa Formation (Elston and Shoemaker, 1963; Pierce and Rich, 1962; Condon, 1997).

Reference information

Nearby dataDolores, La Plata, Mesa, Montezuma, Montrose, San Miguel, San Juan, Emery, Garfield, Grand, San Juan, Wayne
References
Condon, S.M., 1997, Geology of the Pennsylvanian and Permian Cutler Group and Permian Kaibab Limestone in the Paradox Basin, southeastern Utah and southwestern Colorado, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2000-P, 46 p., 9 pls. (Plates also available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/bul/2000p/.)
Doelling, H.H., 1983, Non-metallic mineral resources of Utah: Utah Geological Survey Map 71, scale 1:750,000.
Doelling, H.H., and Willis, G.C., 1996, Utah Geological Association 1996 fall field trip road and river log, in Huffman, A.C., Jr., Lund, W.R., and Godwin, L.H., eds., Geology and resources of the Paradox Basin: Salt Lake City, Utah Geological Association Guidebook 25, p. 405-460.
Elston, D.P., and Shoemaker, E.M., 1963, Salt anticlines of the Paradox Basin, Colorado and Utah, in Bersticker, A.C., Hoekstra, K.E., and Hall, J.F., eds., Symposium on salt: Northern Ohio Geological Society, First Symposium on Salt, Cleveland, Ohio, May 1962 [Proceedings], p. 131-146. (Also available at http://www.saltinstitute.org/content/download/462/2900.)
Ge, H., Jackson, M.P.A., and Vendeville, B.C., 1996, Extensional origin of breached Paradox diapirs, Utah and Colorado; Field Observations and scaled physical models, in Huffman, A.C., Jr., Lund, W.R., and Godwin, L.H., eds., Geology and resources of the Paradox Basin: Salt Lake City, Utah Geological Association Guidebook 25, p. 285-293.
Hite, R.J., 1960, Stratigraphy of the saline facies of the Paradox Member of the Hermosa formation of southeastern Utah and southwestern Colorado, in Four Corners Geological Society Guidebook Field Conference no. 3, Geology of the Paradox basin fold and fault belt, 1960: Four Corners Geological Society, p. 86-89.
Hite, R.J., 1961, Potash-bearing evaporite cycles in the salt anticlines of the Paradox Basin, Colorado and Utah, Geological Survey Research 1961; Short papers in the geologic and hydrologic sciences, Articles 293-435: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 424-D, p. D135-D138. (Also available at http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/pp424D.)
Hite, R.J., 1976, A potential target for potash solution mining in cycle 13, Paradox Member, near Moab, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 76-755, 5 p. (Also available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1976/0755/.)
Hite, R.J., 1977, Subsurface geology of a potential waste emplacement site, Salt Valley anticline, Grand County, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-761, 25 p. (Also available as http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1977/0761/report.pdf.)
Hite, R.J., and Lohman, S.W., 1973, Geologic appraisal of Paradox basin salt deposits for waste emplacement: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 73-114, 75 p. (Also available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1973/0114/.)
Huff, G.F., and Wampler, J.M., 1990, K-Ar geochemistry of carnallite from salt-cycle six of the Paradox Formation in Utah, U.S.A.: Chemical Geology (Isotope Geoscience section), v. 80, p. 309-318.
Leslie, A.B., Kendall, Alan, and Harwood, Gill, 1993, The Castile Formation; A continuing paradox, in Austin, G.S., Barker, J.M., Crawford, J.E., Hawley, J.W., Love, D.W., Lucas, S.G., and Adams, J.W., First-day road log from Carlsbad to White City, Orla, Loving, Potash Enclave and return to Carlsbad, in Love, D.W., Hawley, J.W., Kues, B.S., Austin, G.S., and Lucas, S.G., eds., Carlsbad region, New Mexico and West Texas: Socorro, N. Mex., New Mexico Geological Society Fall Field Conference Guidebook 44, p. 13-14.
Mayhew, E.J., 1966, Complex salts and brines of the Paradox Basin, in Rau, J.L., ed., Second symposium on salt: Northern Ohio Geological Society, Second Symposium on Salt, Cleveland, Ohio, May 3-5, 1965 [Proceedings], p. 221-235. (Also available at http://www.saltinstitute.org/content/download/1022/6013.)
Peterson, J.A., and Hite, R.J., 1969, Pennsylvanian evaporite-carbonate cycles and their relation to petroleum occurrence, southern Rocky Mountains: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 53, p. 884-908.
Raup, O.B., 1966, Bromine distribution in some halite rocks of the Paradox Member, Hermosa Formation, in Utah, in Rau, J.L., ed., Second symposium on salt: Northern Ohio Geological Society, Second Symposium on Salt, Cleveland, Ohio, May 3-5, 1965 [Proceedings], p. 236-247. (Also available at http://www.saltinstitute.org/content/download/1033/6057.)
Raup, O.B., and Hite, R.J., 1996, Bromine geochemistry of chloride rocks of the Middle Pennsylvanian Paradox Formation of the Hermosa Group, Paradox Basin, Utah and Colorado, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2000-M, 117 p. (Also available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/bul/2000m/report.pdf.)
Williams-Stroud, S.C., 1994a, Solution to the Paradox? Results of some chemical equilibrium and mass balance calculations applied to the Paradox Basin evaporite deposit: American Journal of Science, v. 294, p. 1189-1228.
Williams-Stroud, Sherilyn, 1994b, The evolution of an inland sea of marine origin to a non-marine saline lake; The Pennsylvanian Paradox salt, in Renaut, R.W., and Last, W.M., eds., Sedimentology and geochemistry of modern and ancient saline lakes: Society of Economic Mineralogists and Pelontologists Special Publication 50, p. 293-306. (Also available at http://www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/science/geological_sciences/faculty/last/Courses/evap/williamsstroud.pdf.)
Wilson, J.C., 2009, Paradox Basin with lands proposed or being managed as Wilderness Areas: Colorado Geological Survey, scale 1:1,000,000, accessed January 2009, at http://geosurvey.state.co.us/pubs/wilderness/paradox_web.pdf.
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