Lop Nur

potash-bearing brine in China

Geologic information

Location:90.9, 40.75
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Site typedeposit
Deposit typepotash-bearing brine
Evaporite basinTarim
Basin typecontinental closed basin
Potassium minerals:
Other minerals:
Notes:Surface crust is 20,000 sq km; potash brines are largely stored in the interstices of glauberite crystals rather than halite crystals; Luobei sub-basin is deepest part of the Lop Nur depression.
Geologic map unit90.9, 40.75
Nearby scientific dataFind additional scientific data near this location

Economic information

StatusActive Production
Estimates of reserves or resources
K2O tonnage152.5 tot, 61 recMillion tonnes
Data sourceTse (2009)

Reference information


Searls, J.P., 2003, Potash, in Metals and Minerals: U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Yearbook 2003, v. I, p. 58.1-58.11, accessed online April 1, 2008, at http://minerals.er.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/potash/potasmyb03.pdf.Tse, P.-K., 2009, The mineral industry of China, in Area reports; International: U.S. Geological Survey Minerals Yearbook 2007, v. III, p. 9.1-9.24, accessed online September 6, 2012, at http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/2007/myb3-2007-ch.pdf.
Wang Mili, Liu Chenglin, Jiao Pengcheng, and Yang Zhichen, 2005, Minerogenic theory of the superlarge Lop Nur potash deposit, Xinjiang, China: Acta Geologica Sinica, v. 79, no. 1, p. 53-65.
Yu, G., Harrison, S.P., and Xue, B., 2001, Lake status records from China; Data base documentation: Max-Planck-Institut fur Biogeochemie Technical Report 4, 243 p.
Zheng Mianping; Qi Wen; Wu Yushu; and Liu JJunying, 1992, Preliminary study on sedimentary environment of the Lop Nor salt lake and its prospect for potassium: Chinese Science Bulletin, v. 37, no. 11, p. 935-939.