Unconsolidated surficial deposits, undivided

Unit symbol: Qs
Age range Quaternary (1.806 to 0 Ma)
Lithology: Unconsolidated
Group name: Unconsolidated and poorly consolidated surficial deposits
Unconsolidated, poorly to well-sorted, poorly to moderately well-stratified deposits; consist predominantly of alluvial, colluvial, marine, lacustrine, eolian, and swamp deposits. May include some glacial deposits. Also includes widespread glacial and periglacial deposits that consist of end, lateral, and ground moraine, outwash, rock glacier deposits, and other glacial and periglacial deposits as well as glacially scoured bedrock that may be covered with thin, glacially derived deposits. These glacial deposits are of Holocene and Pleistocene age and may include small areas of potentially latest Tertiary deposits. Map unit locally includes reworked volcanic debris as well as block and ash flows. On generalized map, shown as part of unit QTs

Source map information

Source map Werdon, M.B., Newberry, R.J., Szumigala, D.J., and Pinney, D.S., 2001, Geologic map of the Eagle A-2 quadrangle, Fortymile mining district, Alaska: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys Preliminary Interpretive Report 2001-3A, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360.
Symbol Qa
Description Elongate deposits of moderately to well sorted, well stratified, fluvial pebble-cobble gravel, sand, and silt, with scattered to numerous boulders, deposited in active stream channels, floodplains, and associated low terraces. Deposit is medium to thick bedded, locally crossbedded, shows fining-upward cycles, and is locally auriferous. Cobbles are generally rounded and may reach a maximum diameter of 1m. Locally overlain by up to 3mof ice-rich organic silt and muck, particularly along valley margins, containing Pleistocene mammalian remains (including mammoth, horse, caribou, and bison). Surface disturbances, such as from excavation, commonly result in melting and subsequent slumping and flowage. Surface smooth except for local low scarps
Lithology Unconsolidated

Correlated geologic units

Label Qa
Description Alluvium
Geologic age Pleistocene to Holocene
Geologic setting Unconsolidated
Lithology Form Importance
Gravel < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Major
Sand < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Major
Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Silt < Fine-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Peat < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major