Unconsolidated surficial deposits, undivided

Unit symbol: Qs
Age range Quaternary (1.806 to 0 Ma)
Lithology: Unconsolidated
Group name: Unconsolidated and poorly consolidated surficial deposits
Unconsolidated, poorly to well-sorted, poorly to moderately well-stratified deposits; consist predominantly of alluvial, colluvial, marine, lacustrine, eolian, and swamp deposits. May include some glacial deposits. Also includes widespread glacial and periglacial deposits that consist of end, lateral, and ground moraine, outwash, rock glacier deposits, and other glacial and periglacial deposits as well as glacially scoured bedrock that may be covered with thin, glacially derived deposits. These glacial deposits are of Holocene and Pleistocene age and may include small areas of potentially latest Tertiary deposits. Map unit locally includes reworked volcanic debris as well as block and ash flows. On generalized map, shown as part of unit QTs

Source map information

Source map Detterman, R.L., and Reed, B.L., 1973, Surficial deposits of the Iliamna quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1368-A, 64 p., 1 plate, scale 1:250,000.
Symbol Qal
Unit name Floodplain alluvium
Description Most extensive and abundant in the western part of the quadrangle where large volumes of glacial debris is being reworked and moved downstream. Interstratified sand and gravel constitute the bulk of materials, gravel here defined to include fragments up to 10 inches in diameter. Streams in the eastern part of the quadrangle have a high proportion of boulders, fragments greater than 10 inches in diameter and only minor sand and gravel. Silt and fine sand are much more common along low gradient western streams and can be a major part of the material in the floodplain
Lithology Unconsolidated

Correlated geologic units

Label Qa
Description Alluvium
Geologic age Pleistocene to Holocene
Geologic setting Unconsolidated
Lithology Form Importance
Gravel < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Major
Sand < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Major
Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Silt < Fine-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Peat < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major