Unconsolidated surficial deposits, undivided

Unit symbol: Qs
Age range Quaternary (1.806 to 0 Ma)
Lithology: Unconsolidated
Group name: Unconsolidated and poorly consolidated surficial deposits
Unconsolidated, poorly to well-sorted, poorly to moderately well-stratified deposits; consist predominantly of alluvial, colluvial, marine, lacustrine, eolian, and swamp deposits. May include some glacial deposits. Also includes widespread glacial and periglacial deposits that consist of end, lateral, and ground moraine, outwash, rock glacier deposits, and other glacial and periglacial deposits as well as glacially scoured bedrock that may be covered with thin, glacially derived deposits. These glacial deposits are of Holocene and Pleistocene age and may include small areas of potentially latest Tertiary deposits. Map unit locally includes reworked volcanic debris as well as block and ash flows. On generalized map, shown as part of unit QTs

Source map information

Source map Detterman, R.L., and Reed, B.L., 1973, Surficial deposits of the Iliamna quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1368-A, 64 p., 1 plate, scale 1:250,000.
Symbol Qbi
Unit name Brooks Lake drift, Iliuk Stade
Description Little modified, showing fresh knob-and-kettle topography. Contains a less heterogeneous assemblage of rock types than older moraines, indicating localized sources. Ice-polished and striated erratics are common on surface of the moraines. Well-preserved lobate end moraines can be followed for many miles; recessional moraines are less preserved, being partially covered by glaciofluvial deposits. Kettle ponds are for most part undrained and retain the irregular shapes left by melting ice blocks. Vegetational cover varies widely, but is not a criteria for determining age of a moraines; it is more a function of climatic zones. Some of the youngest moraines are locally heavily forested, whereas the oldest moraines at comparable elevations may be only tundra covered. These end moraines extend no more than 10 to 20 miles beyond their source cirques, yet are about the same distance behind Newhalen end moraines. Many cirques have been little modified by Holocene glaciations; locally one recessional moraine is mapped; others may have been covered by Holocene readvances
Lithology Unconsolidated

Correlated geologic units

Label Qwr
Description Latest Wisconsin, Iliuk, Riley Creek, and other glaciations
Geologic age Late-Pleistocene
Geologic setting Unconsolidated
Lithology Form Importance
Gravel < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Glacial Major
Boulders < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Glacial Indeterminate, major
Sand < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Glacial Indeterminate, major
Silt < Fine-detrital < Unconsolidated Glacial Indeterminate, major