Unconsolidated surficial deposits, undivided

Unit symbol: Qs
Age range Quaternary (1.806 to 0 Ma)
Lithology: Unconsolidated
Group name: Unconsolidated and poorly consolidated surficial deposits
Unconsolidated, poorly to well-sorted, poorly to moderately well-stratified deposits; consist predominantly of alluvial, colluvial, marine, lacustrine, eolian, and swamp deposits. May include some glacial deposits. Also includes widespread glacial and periglacial deposits that consist of end, lateral, and ground moraine, outwash, rock glacier deposits, and other glacial and periglacial deposits as well as glacially scoured bedrock that may be covered with thin, glacially derived deposits. These glacial deposits are of Holocene and Pleistocene age and may include small areas of potentially latest Tertiary deposits. Map unit locally includes reworked volcanic debris as well as block and ash flows. On generalized map, shown as part of unit QTs

Source map information

Source map Riehle, J.R., and Detterman, R.L., 1993, Quaternary geologic map of the Mount Katmai quadrangle and adjacent parts of the Naknek and Afognak quadrangles, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2032, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.
Symbol ac
Unit name Abandoned-channel deposits
Description Poorly to moderately well sorted sand and gravel in channels now abandoned or occupied by underfit streams. Commonly located within or in front of moraines, where some channels served as outlets for kettle lakes and others carried meltwater from former glacier margins. Other locations are on sides of mountain valleys, where channels formed beneath or alongside valley glaciers.
Lithology Unconsolidated

Correlated geologic units

Label Qac
Description Abandoned channel deposits
Geologic age Pleistocene
Geologic setting Unconsolidated
Lithology Form Importance
Sand < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Alluvial Major
Silt < Fine-detrital < Unconsolidated Alluvial Indeterminate, major