Unconsolidated surficial deposits, undivided

Unit symbol: Qs
Age range Quaternary (1.806 to 0 Ma)
Lithology: Unconsolidated
Group name: Unconsolidated and poorly consolidated surficial deposits
Unconsolidated, poorly to well-sorted, poorly to moderately well-stratified deposits; consist predominantly of alluvial, colluvial, marine, lacustrine, eolian, and swamp deposits. May include some glacial deposits. Also includes widespread glacial and periglacial deposits that consist of end, lateral, and ground moraine, outwash, rock glacier deposits, and other glacial and periglacial deposits as well as glacially scoured bedrock that may be covered with thin, glacially derived deposits. These glacial deposits are of Holocene and Pleistocene age and may include small areas of potentially latest Tertiary deposits. Map unit locally includes reworked volcanic debris as well as block and ash flows. On generalized map, shown as part of unit QTs

Source map information

Source map Patton, W.W., Jr., Wilson, F.H., and Taylor, T.A., 2011, Geologic map of Saint Lawrence Island, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map SIM-3146, pamphlet, 13 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000, and database.
Symbol Qs
Unit name Beach, bar, and alluvial deposits
Description Unit composed of gravel and sand eroded from the underlying bedrock platform and silt and sand alluvium eroded from upland areas. Location and physiographic expression-Unit includes active beach and bar deposits along the present shoreline and former beach and bar deposits that mantle a broad wave-cut bedrock platform , which stands less than 30 meters above sea level in the eastern and central part of the island. The formerly active beaches and bars are locally discernible in aerial photographs by their physiographic expression beneath a thin cover of peat and tundra vegetation. Alluvial deposits occur along small streams, mainly in the western part of the island
Lithology Unconsolidated

Correlated geologic units

Label Qs
Description Surficial deposits, undifferentiated
Geologic age Pleistocene to Holocene
Geologic setting Unconsolidated
Lithology Form Importance
Gravel < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Sand < Coarse-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Clay < Fine-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Silt < Fine-detrital < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major
Peat < Unconsolidated Bed Indeterminate, major